Typological Studies in Negation

This collection of articles offers descriptions of the negation system in 16 languages.

Typological Studies in Negation

This collection of articles offers descriptions of the negation system in 16 languages. As not much is known about negation systems in non-European languages, the first aim of the volume is to provide data on various aspects on negation; for all articles these data were collected on the basis of the same questionnaire.Most work on this subject deals with syntactic aspects of negation; this volume attempts to include pragmatic and semantic issues as well, such as the expression of negative indefinites, interaction of negation and quantifiers, the scope of negation, and the choice of a particular form of negation in cases where there are several ways to express this.For a number of less-known languages descriptions offering a wealth of data are presented here, and in the articles about well-studied languages, new data and analyses of more complicated issues are provided.

Expression and Interpretation of Negation

This is true not just for the expression of negatives, but for their interpretation too.

Expression and Interpretation of Negation

This study in cross-linguistic semantics deploys the framework of bi-directional Optimality Theory to develop a typology of the relationship between syntax and semantics in negation markers and negation indefinites.

Studies on Negation

The aim of this volume is to complement the vast body of research literature by offering a set of cutting-edge studies on negation.

Studies on Negation

Negation is a universal feature of human language that is inherently logical in nature, presents typologically diverse manifestations, and plays a fundamental role in the mapping between syntactic structure and semantic interpretation. The aim of this volume is to complement the vast body of research literature by offering a set of cutting-edge studies on negation. All the contributions are related to recent questions bearing on the syntax and semantics of negative elements and the variation in their form, and follow the central assumption that a proper understanding of the multifaceted expression of negation is central to our understanding of the grammar as a whole. With this in mind, different approaches and a variety of empirical and analytic details have been included in this volume.

Negation in Uralic Languages

The grammaticalized expression of negation is a linguistic universal. This volume deals with negation in the Uralic language family in a typological perspective.

Negation in Uralic Languages

The grammaticalized expression of negation is a linguistic universal. This volume deals with negation in the Uralic language family in a typological perspective. As in no other major language family before, a comprehensive typological questionnaire provides the basis for the chapters documenting negation in 17 languages. Most of them are endangered. The chapters highlight negative auxiliary verbs—the special Uralic feature—and their ways of combining with the rich inventory of other negators in different types of clauses, as well as negative replies, negative indefinites, abessives/caritives/privatives, scope, polarity and emphatic negation. Selected aspects of negation, such as negative indefinites, negation of non-verbal predicates and information structure, are discussed in more detail in five further chapters. The book brings new typologically informed perspectives on negation in the Uralic family, and it provides valuable data and insights for any linguist working on negation.

The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Typology

Section 13.2 gives an overview of the history of typological studies of negation. Section 13.3 addresses clausal negation, paying special attention to standard negation (negation of declarative main clauses with a verbal predicate), ...

The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Typology

Linguistic typology identifies both how languages vary and what they all have in common. This Handbook provides a state-of-the art survey of the aims and methods of linguistic typology, and the conclusions we can draw from them. Part I covers phonological typology, morphological typology, sociolinguistic typology and the relationships between typology, historical linguistics and grammaticalization. It also addresses typological features of mixed languages, creole languages, sign languages and secret languages. Part II features contributions on the typology of morphological processes, noun categorization devices, negation, frustrative modality, logophoricity, switch reference and motion events. Finally, Part III focuses on typological profiles of the mainland South Asia area, Australia, Quechuan and Aymaran, Eskimo-Aleut, Iroquoian, the Kampa subgroup of Arawak, Omotic, Semitic, Dravidian, the Oceanic subgroup of Austronesian and the Awuyu-Ndumut family (in West Papua). Uniting the expertise of a stellar selection of scholars, this Handbook highlights linguistic typology as a major discipline within the field of linguistics.

The Diachrony of Negation

In Typological Studies in Negation [Typological Studies in Language 29], Peter Kahrel & René van den Berg (eds), 65–92. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Early, Robert. 1994b. A Grammar of Lewo, Vanuatu. Ph.D. dissertation, Australian National ...

The Diachrony of Negation

Despite intensive research, negation remains elusive. Its expression across languages, its underlying cognitive mechanisms, its development across time, and related phenomena, such as negative polarity and negative concord, leave many unresolved issues of both a definitional and a substantive nature. Such issues are at the heart of the present volume, which presents a twofold contribution. The first part offers a mix of large-scale typological surveys and in-depth investigation of the evolution of negation in individual languages and language families that have not frequently been studied from this point of view, such as Chinese, Berber, Quechua, and Austronesian languages. The second part centers on French, a language whose early stages are comparatively richly documented and which therefore provides an important test case for hypotheses about the diachrony of negative marking. Representing, moreover, a variety of theoretical approaches, the volume will be of interest to researchers on negation, language change, and typology.

Negation in Non Standard British English

negation is such a pervasive phenomenon, in linguistic typology there have so far been only a handful of studies that are dedicated to this topic. Dahl (1979), Payne (1985) and Dryer (1988), three studies conducted independently and ...

Negation in Non Standard British English

Despite the advances of radio and television and increasing mobility and urbanization, spoken English is by no means becoming more like the written standard. English dialect grammar, however, is still a new and relatively undeveloped area of research, and most studies to date are either restricted regionally, or based on impressionistic statements. This book provides the first thorough empirical study of the field of non-standard negation across Great Britain.

New Directions in Grammaticalization Research

5.1 A typological perspective on sign language negation 5.1.1 Typology of negation Numerous typological studies on sentential negation are available (e.g. Payne 1985; Dryer 2005; Miestamo 2005; Dahl 2011), but none of the available ...

New Directions in Grammaticalization Research

The articles in this volume examine a number of critical issues in grammaticalization studies, including the relationship between grammaticalization and pragmaticalization, subjectification and intersubjectification, and grammaticalization and language contact. The contributions consider data from a broad range of spoken and signed languages, including Greek, Japanese, Nigerian Pidgin, Swedish, and Turkish Sign Language. The authors work in a variety of theoretical frameworks, and draw on a number of research traditions. The volume will be of primary interest to historical linguists, though the diversity of approaches and sources of data mean that the volume is also likely have considerable general appeal.

Negation Patterns in West African Languages and Beyond

Typological Studies in Negation [Typological Studies in Language 29]. Amsterdam: lohn Benjamins. Kossmann, Maarten.1989. Linaccompli negatif en berbere. Etudes et Documents Berberes 6: 19-29. Kossmann, Maarten. 2000.

Negation Patterns in West African Languages and Beyond

This volume deals with issues on negation patterns in languages of West Africa and the adjacent north and east. The first aim is to provide data on various aspects of negation in African languages. Although the topics addressed here reflect a great diversity of negation patterns, the following typological features have been identified to be prominent in our region: conflict or even incompatibility between negation and focus, use of other indirect means of negating non-indicative mood (covered under the term Prohibitive ), different negation patterns in different Tense-Aspect-Moods (e.g. Imperfective vs. Perfective), lack of negative indefinites, and disjunctive negative marking (often referred to as double negation ). The articles presented here show that areal factors have played a significant role in the development of negation strategies in the languages of West Africa and beyond. On the other hand genetic factors seem to be less prominent."

Negation Raising

In Peter Kahrel and René van den Berg eds., Typological Studies in Negation. Typological Studies in Language 29. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 211– 236. Cinque, Guglielmo. 1994. On the Evidence for Partial N-movement in the Romance DP.

Negation Raising

With this book, the author explores the syntax of negative sentences, tracing the fine-grained contours of linguistic variation and offering a detailed cartographic representation of the distribution of negative markers. The goal is to show the existing tension in language between the variable surface realization of negation and its stable logical representation. In order to solve this tension and to unify the interpretation of negative sentences, a mapping operation, LF-Negation Raising, is proposed. Verbal arguments related to negation such as n-words, negative quantifiers and negative polarity items are also considered, in order to derive negative concord phenomena from the inner semantics of nominal constituents.

Negation and Polarity

1994. "Evenki". Typological Studies in Negation ed. by Peter Kahrel & René van den Berg, 1-34. Payne, John R. 1985. "Negation". Language Typology and Syntactic Description, vol.1: Clause structure ed. by T. Shopen, 197-242.

Negation and Polarity

In the last decade, there has been a revival of interest regarding negation and polarity, with much cross-fertilization between semantic and syntactic approaches. The papers in the present volume address key issues regarding the syntax and semantics of negation and polarity, including both synchronic and diachronic perpectives. Central to the discussions are the distribution of negative markers and the structure of the clause, negative concord phenomena, licensing of polarity items, similarities between Neg-movement and wh-movement. The papers, by main contributors to the field, reflect different theoretical frameworks, including Principles and Parameters and Minimalist approaches, Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Formal Semantics, or approaches interested in pragmatics. The volume is of interest to syntacticians, semanticians, historical linguists, typologists, and philosophers.

Standard Negation

The Negation of Declarative Verbal Main Clauses in a Typological Perspective Matti Miestamo ... Correlations between different structural features play an important role in typological studies since they can reveal interdependencies ...

Standard Negation

This book is the first cross-linguistic study of clausal negation based on an extensive and systematic language sample. Methodological issues, especially sampling, are discussed at length. Standard negation – the basic structural means languages have for negating declarative verbal main clauses – is typologized from a new perspective, paying attention to structural differences between affirmatives and negatives. In symmetric negation affirmative and negative structures show no differences except for the presence of the negative marker(s), whereas in asymmetric negation there are further structural differences, i.e. asymmetries. A distinction is made between constructional and paradigmatic asymmetry; in the former the addition of the negative marker(s) is accompanied by further structural differences in comparison to the corresponding affirmative, and in the latter the correspondences between the members of (verbal etc.) paradigms used in affirmatives and negatives are not one-to-one. Cross-cutting the constructional-paradigmatic distinction, asymmetric negation can be further divided into subtypes according to the nature of the asymmetry. Standard negation structures found in the 297 sample languages are exemplified and discussed in detail. The frequencies of the different types and some typological correlations are also examined. Functional motivations are proposed for the structural types – symmetric negatives are language-internally analogous to the linguistic structure of the affirmative and asymmetric negatives are language-externally analogous to different asymmetries between affirmation and negation on the functional level. Relevant diachronic issues are also discussed. The book is of interest to language typologists, descriptive linguists and to all linguists interested in negation.

Sentential Negation in French

Hirschbühler, Paul and Marie Labelle (1992a) “Négation, clitiques, et position du verbe dans l'histoire du ... (1992b) “Changes in verb position in French negative infinitival clauses. ... (1994) Typological studies in negation.

Sentential Negation in French

This is the first full-length study of sentential negation phenomena in French. Paul Rowlett assesses, from a generative perspective, the respective contribution made to the expression of clausal polarity by ne, pas, and elements such as jamais and personne. His conclusions have far-reaching implications, leading to the controversial hypothesis that, despite widespread belief, French is not a negative concord language.

Sentential Negation in French

Hirschbtihler, Paul and Marie Labelle (1992a) "Negation, clitiques, et position du verbe dans l'histoire du ... (1992b) "Changes in verb position in French negative infinitival clauses. ... (1994) Typological studies in negation.

Sentential Negation in French

This is the first full-length study of sentential negation phenomena in French. Paul Rowlett assesses, from a generative perspective, the respective contribution made to the expression of clausal polarity by ne, pas, and elements such as jamais and personne. His conclusions have far-reaching implications, leading to the controversial hypothesis that, despite widespread belief, French is not a negative concord language.

Beitr ge zur empirischen Sprachwissenschaft

CROFT , WILLIAM 1990 Typology and universals . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press . DRYER , MATTHEW S. 1988 Universals of negative position . In : M. HAMMOND & E.A. MORAVCSIK & J. WIRTH ( eds . ) . Studies in Syntactic Typology .

Beitr  ge zur empirischen Sprachwissenschaft


Lexicology

Nedyalkov, Igor (1994), Evenki. In: Typological studies in negation. (Eds. P. Kahrel/R. van den Berg). Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1-34. Payne, John R. (1985), Negation. In: Language typology and syntactic description. Vol.

Lexicology

Die Lexikologie bietet auf den ersten Blick ein diffuses Erscheinungsbild. Entweder wird sie aufgrund bereits etablierter Teildisziplinen wie Lexikographie, Morphologie und lexikalische Semantik schlicht nicht wahrgenommen, oder sie zerfällt in halb-autonome Teildisziplinen wie z.B. Phraseologie und Mentales Lexikon. Das Handbuch strebt auf diesem Hintergrund die folgenden wissenschaftsgeschichtlichen und forschungspraktischen Ziele an: Etablierung und Festigung eines eigenständigen Profils der Disziplin 'Lexikologie' Sammlung und Dokumentation des gegenwärtigen lexikologischen Wissensstandes Offenlegung von Forschungsdesideraten und Aufzeigen von konkreten Arbeitsfeldern. Die Gliederung des Handbuchs orientiert sich an den beiden Hauptsträngen 'Wort' und 'Wortschatz'. Als Bindeglied fungieren die Sinnrelationen, die mit ihrer paarweisen Erfassung von Wörtern gewissermaßen ein sukzessives Ausgreifen in den Wortschatz erlauben. Die Erweiterung von 'Wort' zu 'lexikalischem Element' bedingt eine eingehendere Beschäftigung mit der Phraseologie. Gemäß der Mehrdeutigkeit von ,Wortschatz' (Wortschatz im Verhältnis zu einer natürlichen Sprache vs. Wortschatz im Verhältnis zu einem Individuum [Mentales Lexikon] vs. Wortschatz im Verhältnis zur Grammatik [Lexikon]) finden die entsprechenden Sichtweisen ausführliche Behandlung. Synchrone und diachrone Gesichtspunkte werden gleichermaßen berücksichtigt, um die den Wortschätzen natürlicher Sprachen zugrunde liegende Dynamik adäquat zu erfassen. Schließlich machte es die geschilderte Situation der Lexikologie erforderlich, eingehend Fragen zur Disziplin, zu ihren Methoden und ihren Beziehungen zu Nachbardisziplinen zu behandeln. Pluspunkte: Umfassende, international repräsentative Gesamtdarstellung der Disziplin Zweibändige Ausgabe auf dem neusten Stand der Forschung Internationale Handbuchreihe

Insistent Images

Negative Sentences in the Languages of Europe . ... Typology of sentence negation . ... In Typological Studies in Negation ( Typological Studies in Language 29 ) , P. Kahrel and R. van den Berg ( eds ) , 51-64 .

Insistent Images

Insistent Images presents a number of new departures dealing with iconicity on the conceptual and the structural levels. On the level of structure, the interface between different aspects of iconicity, lexical meaning and grammar is discussed in reference to both spoken and signed languages. Novel approaches to aural iconicity investigate a wide range of phenomena from phonological iconicity to the role of iconic features in discourse, in the nineteenth century practice of reading aloud, in the almost magic incantations of fin de siècle poetry and in Tolkien's invented languages. Several papers examine the function of iconicity in visual and avant-garde poetry, where iconic features allow a reduction of means, which, paradoxically, generates textual diversification and complexity. A discussion of iconic text strategies shows how texts are comprehended through iconic holistic transfer from complex natural and action patterns. 'Liberature', which integrates text, image and physical space, is another novel area of study, as are the investigations into the iconic properties of film and of multimedia performance. Film is intrinsically iconic, while at the same time being, like photography, indexical; in multimedia performance, on the other hand, iconicity functions intermedially by both integrating and reflecting processes of perception and conceptualization. These last two new fields of inquiry further enhance this truly interdisciplinary volume's explorations of icons as 'insistent images'.

Negation and Polarity Experimental Perspectives

The examples reveal that HKSL belongs to a different typological group, namely the group of manual dominant SLs. ... 2.1 A Typology of Negative Markers Typological studies have identified 49 A Featural Approach to Sign Language Negation ...

Negation and Polarity  Experimental Perspectives

This volume offers insights on experimental and empirical research in theoretical linguistic issues of negation and polarity, focusing on how negation is marked and how negative polarity is emphatic and how it interacts with double negation. Metalinguistic negation and neg-raising are also explored in the volume. Leading specialists in the field present novel ideas by employing various experimental methods in felicity judgments, eye tracking, self-paced readings, prosody and ERP. Particular attention is given to extensive crosslinguistc data from French, Catalan and Korean along with analyses using semantic and pragmatic methods, corpus linguistics, diachronic perspectives and longitudinal acquisitional studies as well as signed and gestural negation. Each contribution is situated with regards to major previous studies, thereby offering readers insights on the current state of the art in research on negation and negative polarity, highlighting how theory and data together contributes to the understanding of cognition and mind.

Cyclical Change Continued

A Descriptive Typological Study of Verbal and Non-verbal Negation in Simple Declarative Sentences. ... In Negation Patterns in West African Languages and Beyond [Typological Studies in Language 87], Norbert Cyffer, Erwin Ebermann ...

Cyclical Change Continued

This book presents new data and additional questions regarding the linguistic cycle. The topics discussed are the pronoun, negative, negative existential, analytic-synthetic, distributive, determiner, degree, and future/modal cycles. The papers raise questions about the length of time that cycles take, the interactions between different cycles, the typical stages and their stability, and the areal factors influencing cycles. The languages and language families that are considered in depth are Central Pomo, Cherokee, Chinese, English, French, Gbe, German, Hmong-Mien, Maipurean, Mayan, Mohawk, Mon-Khmer, Niger-Congo, Nupod, Quechuan, Sino-Tibetan, Tai-Kadai , Tuscarora, Ute, and Yoruboid. One paper covers several of the world’s language families. Cyclical change connects linguists working in various frameworks because it is exciting to find a reason behind this fascinating phenomenon.