Unsimple Truths

In Unsimple Truths, Sandra Mitchell argues that the long-standing scientific and philosophical deference to reductive explanations founded on simple universal laws, linear causal models, and predict-and-act strategies fails to accommodate ...

Unsimple Truths

The world is complex, but acknowledging its complexity requires an appreciation for the many roles context plays in shaping natural phenomena. In Unsimple Truths, Sandra Mitchell argues that the long-standing scientific and philosophical deference to reductive explanations founded on simple universal laws, linear causal models, and predict-and-act strategies fails to accommodate the kinds of knowledge that many contemporary sciences are providing about the world. She advocates, instead, for a new understanding that represents the rich, variegated, interdependent fabric of many levels and kinds of explanation that are integrated with one another to ground effective prediction and action. Mitchell draws from diverse fields including psychiatry, social insect biology, and studies of climate change to defend “integrative pluralism”—a theory of scientific practices that makes sense of how many natural and social sciences represent the multi-level, multi-component, dynamic structures they study. She explains how we must, in light of the now-acknowledged complexity and contingency of biological and social systems, revise how we conceptualize the world, how we investigate the world, and how we act in the world. Ultimately Unsimple Truths argues that the very idea of what should count as legitimate science itself should change.

Menschen Bilder

... Stuttgart Mitchell SD (2009) Unsimple truths: science, complexity, and policy.
University of Chicago Press, Chicago Pauen M, Roth G (2008) Freiheit, Schuld
und Verantwortung. Grundzüge einer naturalistischen Theorie der Willensfreiheit.

Menschen Bilder

International renommierte Autoren zeichnen in Band 54 der Heidelberger Jahrbücher „Menschen-Bilder“ und stellen damit das „Humane in der Wissenschaft“ dar. Dabei legen sie innovative Fragestellungen zugrunde und betrachten diese Menschen-Bilder je nach wissenschaftlicher Disziplin aus ganz unterschiedlichen Blickwinkeln.

Data Centric Biology

Mitchell, Unsimple Truths, 50–51. 59. In Mitchell's words again: “Our
philosophical conception of the character of scientific knowledge should be
based on what types of claims function reliably in scientific explanations and
predictions.

Data Centric Biology

Over the last two decades, digital access to data has revolutionized research methods and ways of doing science in the biological and biomedical fields. Prominent scientists have characterized this shift as leading to a new, data-intensive paradigm for research, encompassing innovative ways to produce, store, disseminate, and interpret huge masses of data. In this book Sabina Leonelli explores the epistemological challenges this poses to how life is researched and understood. By following how data travels across research contexts, and the role played by standards, theories, models, and human agency in shaping their evidential value, she shows the conditions under which digitally available data further our understanding of life. Turning to how the characteristics of data-intensive science bear on philosophical debates, Leonelli explores the shifting criteria for what counts as scientific evidence and how data are transformed into new knowledge. In short, she argues that a philosophical characterization of how data and knowledge move from one context to another is of fundamental importance to a productive philosophical understanding of contemporary scientific practices."

New Directions in the Philosophy of Science

New York: Oxford University Press. Mitchell, S.D. 2009b. Unsimple truths:
Science, complexity, and policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Shrader-
Frechette, K. 2013. Sandra D. Mitchell: Unsimple truths: Science, complexity, and
policy.

New Directions in the Philosophy of Science

This volume sheds light on still unexplored issues and raises new questions in the main areas addressed by the philosophy of science. Bringing together selected papers from three main events, the book presents the most advanced scientific results in the field and suggests innovative lines for further investigation. It explores how discussions on several notions of the philosophy of science can help different scientific disciplines in learning from each other. Finally, it focuses on the relationship between Cambridge and Vienna in twentieth century philosophy of science. The areas examined in the book are: formal methods, the philosophy of the natural and life sciences, the cultural and social sciences, the physical sciences and the history of the philosophy of science.

Lady Who Loves the Whisper

A self proclaimed romantic, Wulf admits he has "spent a lifetime loving wrong." The poems collected in Lady Who Loves the Whisper, however, reflect his lifelong quest to love well. His pieces journey from innocence through adolescent angst.

Lady Who Loves the Whisper

A self proclaimed romantic, Wulf admits he has "spent a lifetime loving wrong." The poems collected in Lady Who Loves the Whisper, however, reflect his lifelong quest to love well. His pieces journey from innocence through adolescent angst. He explores yearnings for completeness, and a more recent vision of self love and acceptance as a pre cursor to true intimacy. In reading his ever evolving take on love, the reader is cautioned, "fall not in love with the poet who is not the words you hear in your heart, but is the slayer of your soul." Readers will find it hard to heed the warning, and will fall in love with his heartfelt words. Quick to admit that he is no expert, Wulf suggests that everyone is adrift on the sea of love some riding the waves high and dry and some, well, sinking to the watery depths. Despair not, he says, love will find a way, though not necessarily as expected. Complicated and mysterious, it remains part of who we are and haunts, harries, or heals, depending how we perceive it. Wulf has recently reconnected with two friends, after many years apart, to begin collaboration on a collection of "life" poems entitled Shared Solitude. Solitude, they agree, is mostly illusion."

Nutritionism

Harvard University Press, 1993); Sandra D. Mitchell, Unsimple Truths: Science,
Complexity, and Policy (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2009). 8. See, e.g.,
Martijn Katan, “In Praise of Nutrients,” (lecture, Vrije University, Amsterdam, 2011)
.

Nutritionism

Popularized by Michael Pollan in his best-selling In Defense of Food, Gyorgy Scrinis's concept of nutritionism refers to the reductive understanding of nutrients as the key indicators of healthy food—an approach that has dominated nutrition science, dietary advice, and food marketing. Scrinis argues this ideology has narrowed and in some cases distorted our appreciation of food quality, such that even highly processed foods may be perceived as healthful depending on their content of "good" or "bad" nutrients. Investigating the butter versus margarine debate, the battle between low-fat, low-carb, and other weight-loss diets, and the food industry's strategic promotion of nutritionally enhanced foods, Scrinis reveals the scientific, social, and economic factors driving our modern fascination with nutrition. Scrinis develops an original framework and terminology for analyzing the characteristics and consequences of nutritionism since the late nineteenth century. He begins with the era of quantification, in which the idea of protective nutrients, caloric reductionism, and vitamins' curative effects took shape. He follows with the era of good and bad nutritionism, which set nutricentric dietary guidelines and defined the parameters of unhealthy nutrients; and concludes with our current era of functional nutritionism, in which the focus has shifted to targeted nutrients, superfoods, and optimal diets. Scrinis's research underscores the critical role of nutrition science and dietary advice in shaping our relationship to food and our bodies and in heightening our nutritional anxieties. He ultimately shows how nutritionism has aligned the demands and perceived needs of consumers with the commercial interests of food manufacturers and corporations. Scrinis also offers an alternative paradigm for assessing the healthfulness of foods—the food quality paradigm—that privileges food production and processing quality, cultural-traditional knowledge, and sensual-practical experience, and promotes less reductive forms of nutrition research and dietary advice.

Mechanism and Causality in Biology and Economics

Unsimple truths. Science, complexity, and policy. Chicago/London: University of
Chicago Press. Morgan, Thomas H., Alfred Sturtevant, Hermann Muller, and
Calvin Bridges. 1915. The mechanism of Mendelian heredity. New York: Henry
Holt ...

Mechanism and Causality in Biology and Economics

This volume addresses fundamental issues in the philosophy of science in the context of two most intriguing fields: biology and economics. Written by authorities and experts in the philosophy of biology and economics, Mechanism and Causality in Biology and Economics provides a structured study of the concepts of mechanism and causality in these disciplines and draws careful juxtapositions between philosophical apparatus and scientific practice. By exploring the issues that are most salient to the contemporary philosophies of biology and economics and by presenting comparative analyses, the book serves as a platform not only for gaining mutual understanding between scientists and philosophers of the life sciences and those of the social sciences, but also for sharing interdisciplinary research that combines both philosophical concepts in both fields. The book begins by defining the concepts of mechanism and causality in biology and economics, respectively. The second and third parts investigate philosophical perspectives of various causal and mechanistic issues in scientific practice in the two fields. These two sections include chapters on causal issues in the theory of evolution; experiments and scientific discovery; representation of causal relations and mechanism by models in economics. The concluding section presents interdisciplinary studies of various topics concerning extrapolation of life sciences and social sciences, including chapters on the philosophical investigation of conjoining biological and economic analyses with, respectively, demography, medicine and sociology.

The Complexity Paradox

... Unsimple Truths. System conditions include whether the object is moving
through air or a vacuum. If the object is moving through air, frictional forces need
to be accounted for. The initial velocity of the object is also a system condition.

The Complexity Paradox

Living systems exhibit a fundamental contradiction: they are highly stable and reliable, yet they have the capacity to adapt to changing environmental conditions. This paradoxical behavior arises from the complexity of life--a high degree of order and cooperation that emerges from relatively simple interactions among cellular components. The Complexity Paradox proposes inventive, interdisciplinary approaches to maintaining health and managing and preventing disease by considering the totality of human biology, from the cellular level on up to entire populations of individuals. From the perspective of complexity, which acknowledges that there are limits to what we can know, Kenneth L. Mossman opens the door to understanding essential life processes in new and extraordinary ways. By tying together evolution, functional dynamics, and investigations into how the body processes energy and uses genetic information, Mossman's analysis expresses a unified theory of biology that fills a critical niche for future research in biology, medicine, and public health.

Critical Neuroscience

Unsimple truths: Science, complexity, and policy. Chicago: University of Chicago
Press. Moreno, J. D. (2006). Mind wars: Brain research and national defense.
Washington, D.C.: Dana Press. Noë, A. (2009). Out of our heads: Why you are not
 ...

Critical Neuroscience

Critical Neuroscience: A Handbook of the Social and Cultural Contexts of Neuroscience brings together multi-disciplinary scholars from around the world to explore key social, historical and philosophical studies of neuroscience, and to analyze the socio-cultural implications of recent advances in the field. This text’s original, interdisciplinary approach explores the creative potential for engaging experimental neuroscience with social studies of neuroscience while furthering the dialogue between neuroscience and the disciplines of the social sciences and humanities. Critical Neuroscience transcends traditional skepticism, introducing novel ideas about ‘how to be critical’ in and about science.

The Complete Works

But his tragedy has a richness of texture all its own , not In Hamlet the theme of
unsimple truth is so abundantly only within and around the seeker but also within
and restored and so subtly extended that it is everywhere in around what is ...

The Complete Works


The Illusion of Life

Realistic fiction is devoted to the theme of unsimple truth , a theme which
characterizes the realists but is , of course , not peculiar to them . Unsimple truth
plucks at the heart of Hamlet ' s mystery . And unsimple truth is the point of
Melville ' s ...

The Illusion of Life


The Western Humanities Review

He never goes for the big effect , never exaggerates , fears splendor and
extravagance , favors unsimple truths , gets it ... a gaudy gimmick illustrates in
Morris the more homely and more immediate truth of the multiple selves in our
compound ...

The Western Humanities Review


The Way Home

I was touched more by the story itself that of a moralistic American who learns in
Europe the unsimple truths of history and passion , especially love . I was glad to
see the film at Georges ' s side . What can this friendship be called if not love ?

The Way Home

This selection of Harry Mathews longer prose writings attests to his innivative genius in seven radically differing works. Includes Country Cooking in Central France, Singular Pleasures, The Orchard, Amenian Papers, Translation and the Oulipo, The Way Home and Autobiography.

Shakespeare and Joyce

Unable to get at the truth , he does not know for sure what exactly happened and
thus cannot act and avenge himself . As Willard Farnham has remarked , the
theme of Hamlet is “ the theme of unsimple truth " ; ' the same might be said of the
 ...

Shakespeare and Joyce

After God, Shakespeare created most, James Joyce wrote in Ulysses. The importance of Shakespeare in Ulysses has been often discussed and documented; that this royal bard is as central and omnipresent in Finnegans Wake has been roundly agreed upon by Joyce scholars, yet no printed volume has exhaustively investigated the topic. This study arrives, therefore, as a welcome and timely look into the assertion, as on critic put it, that "Finnegans Wake is about Shakespeare." "Throughout his life," Dr. Cheng writes, "Joyce was in the habit of comparing himself to England's national poet." In the Wake, Shakespeare--his life, his plays and his characters--forms a "dense and extensive matrix of allusion." Part I of this book provides a critical and interpretative view of how Shakespearean influences and allusions illuminate the themes and meanings of the Wake; the chapters are arranged to follow general patterns of allusion and motif. Part II comprises explications of a thousand Shakespearean allusions in Finnegans Wake, recorded by page and line of the novel. Finally, Part III is a set of appendixes which list the Shakespearean allusions by play, act, scene, and line for easy reference.

The Journal of Aesthetic Education

Farnham wars against the reductive fallacy; his umbrella term is that truth is
unsimple and “the theme of unsimple truth comes early into the Hamlet story.”
Farnham accepts into the canon of Hamlet criticism theories of revenge,
melancholia, ...

The Journal of Aesthetic Education

Includes special issues.

Lectures on Four of Shakespeare s History Plays

And to enter any one of Shakespeare ' s many worlds is to be enthralled by the
wide truth of it , the unsimple truth , what is apparently the chaos of life itself . To
simplify this rich creation into utter ordered clarity is to lose in the process the ...

Lectures on Four of Shakespeare s History Plays


Carnegie Series in English

And to enter any one of Shakespeare ' s many worlds is to be enthralled by the
wide truth of it , the unsimple truth , what is apparently the chaos of life itself . To
simplify this rich creation into utter ordered clarity is to lose in the process the ...

Carnegie Series in English


La Vie D un Simple

This little chef - d ' ouvre of mingled poetry and truth is at bottom a protest against
the picture of the country people that Balzac gives us . George Sand believes that
peasants such as Balzac describes do not exist . Are those that she describes ...

La Vie D un Simple


British Journal of Photography

Facing the truth COVER STORY Twenty Twenty vision Frede Spencer has used
the ... His aim was to surprise a contradictory truth (the truths of an unsimple heart
are, as a rule, contradictory) that was often hidden from the subject, or which the ...

British Journal of Photography


Multiple Exposures Promised Lands

I ' d like , in retrospect , to be able to say that I was a little uneasy about her that
day , but the truth is that I was probably no more uneasy than usual . And she was
probably less strange than on some earlier occasions . So I guess the unsimple ...

Multiple Exposures  Promised Lands