# Value Distribution Theory

It was the research on such topics that raised the curtain on the theory of value distribution of entire or meromorphic functions.

It is well known that solving certain theoretical or practical problems often depends on exploring the behavior of the roots of an equation such as (1) J(z) = a, where J(z) is an entire or meromorphic function and a is a complex value. It is especially important to investigate the number n(r, J = a) of the roots of (1) and their distribution in a disk Izl ~ r, each root being counted with its multiplicity. It was the research on such topics that raised the curtain on the theory of value distribution of entire or meromorphic functions. In the last century, the famous mathematician E. Picard obtained the pathbreaking result: Any non-constant entire function J(z) must take every finite complex value infinitely many times, with at most one excep tion. Later, E. Borel, by introducing the concept of the order of an entire function, gave the above result a more precise formulation as follows. An entire function J (z) of order A( 0 A

# Value Distribution Theory

Broadly speaking the division of the book is as follows: The Introduction and Chapters I to III deal mainly with the theory of mappings of arbitrary Riemann surfaces as developed by the first named author; Chapter IV, due to Nakai, is ...

The purpose of this research monograph is to build up a modern value distribution theory for complex analytic mappings between abstract Riemann surfaces. All results presented herein are new in that, apart from the classical background material in the last chapter, there is no over lapping with any existing monograph on merom orphic functions. Broadly speaking the division of the book is as follows: The Introduction and Chapters I to III deal mainly with the theory of mappings of arbitrary Riemann surfaces as developed by the first named author; Chapter IV, due to Nakai, is devoted to meromorphic functions on parabolic surfaces; Chapter V contains Matsumoto's results on Picard sets; Chapter VI, pre dominantly due to the second named author, presents the so-called nonintegrated forms of the main theorems and includes some joint work by both authors. For a complete list of writers whose results have been discussed we refer to the Author Index.

# Value Distribution Theory and Related Topics

The main emphasis of this collection is to direct attention to a number of recently developed novel ideas and generalizations that relate to the - velopment of value distribution theory and its applications.

The Nevanlinna theory of value distribution of meromorphic functions, one of the milestones of complex analysis during the last century, was c- ated to extend the classical results concerning the distribution of of entire functions to the more general setting of meromorphic functions. Later on, a similar reasoning has been applied to algebroid functions, subharmonic functions and meromorphic functions on Riemann surfaces as well as to - alytic functions of several complex variables, holomorphic and meromorphic mappings and to the theory of minimal surfaces. Moreover, several appli- tions of the theory have been exploited, including complex differential and functional equations, complex dynamics and Diophantine equations. The main emphasis of this collection is to direct attention to a number of recently developed novel ideas and generalizations that relate to the - velopment of value distribution theory and its applications. In particular, we mean a recent theory that replaces the conventional consideration of counting within a disc by an analysis of their geometric locations. Another such example is presented by the generalizations of the second main theorem to higher dimensional cases by using the jet theory. Moreover, s- ilar ideas apparently may be applied to several related areas as well, such as to partial differential equations and to differential geometry. Indeed, most of these applications go back to the problem of analyzing zeros of certain complex or real functions, meaning in fact to investigate level sets or level surfaces.

# Value Distribution Theory Related to Number Theory

The subject of the book is Diophantine approximation and Nevanlinna theory. This book proves not just some new results and directions but challenging open problems in Diophantine approximation and Nevanlinna theory.

The subject of the book is Diophantine approximation and Nevanlinna theory. This book proves not just some new results and directions but challenging open problems in Diophantine approximation and Nevanlinna theory. The authors’ newest research activities on these subjects over the past eight years are collected here. Some of the significant findings are the proof of Green-Griffiths conjecture by using meromorphic connections and Jacobian sections, generalized abc-conjecture, and more.

# Value Distribution Theory for Meromorphic Maps

Value distribution theory studies the behavior of mermorphic maps.

Value distribution theory studies the behavior of mermorphic maps. Let f: M - N be a merom orphic map between complex manifolds. A target family CI ~ (Ea1aEA of analytic subsets Ea of N is given where A is a connected. compact complex manifold. The behavior of the inverse 1 family ["'(CI) = (f- {E )laEA is investigated. A substantial theory has been a created by many contributors. Usually the targets Ea stay fixed. However we can consider a finite set IJ of meromorphic maps g : M - A and study the incidence f{z) E Eg(z) for z E M and some g E IJ. Here we investigate this situation: M is a parabolic manifold of dimension m and N = lP n is the n-dimensional projective space. The family of hyperplanes in lP n is the target family parameterized by the dual projective space lP* We obtain a Nevanlinna theory consisting of several n First Main Theorems. Second Main Theorems and Defect Relations and extend recent work by B. Shiffman and by S. Mori. We use the Ahlfors-Weyl theory modified by the curvature method of Cowen and Griffiths. The Introduction consists of two parts. In Part A. we sketch the theory for fixed targets to provide background for those who are familar with complex analysis but are not acquainted with value distribution theory.

# Value Distribution Theory and Complex Dynamics

This volume contains six detailed papers written by participants of the special session on value distribution theory and complex dynamics held in Hong Kong at the First Joint International Meeting of the AMS and the Hong Kong Mathematical ...

This volume contains six detailed papers written by participants of the special session on value distribution theory and complex dynamics held in Hong Kong at the First Joint International Meeting of the AMS and the Hong Kong Mathematical Society in December 2000. It demonstrates the strong interconnections between the two fields and introduces recent progress of leading researchers from Asia. In the book, W. Bergweiler discusses proper analytic maps with one critical point and generalizes a previous result concerning Leau domains. W. Cherry and J. Wang discuss non-Archimedean analogs of Picard's theorems. P.-C. Hu and C.-C. Yang give a survey of results in non-Archimedean value distribution theory related to unique range sets, the $abc$-conjecture, and Shiffman's conjecture. L. Keen and J. Kotus explore the dynamics of the family of $f_\lambda(z)=\lambda\tan(z)$ and show that it has much in common with the dynamics of the familiar quadratic family $f_c(z)=z^2+c$. R. Oudkerk discusses the interesting phenomenon known as parabolic implosion and, in particular, shows the persistence of Fatou coordinates under perturbation. Finally, M. Taniguchi discusses deformation spaces of entire functions and their combinatorial structure of singularities of the functions. The book is intended for graduate students and research mathematicians interested in complex dynamics, function theory, and non-Archimedean function theory.

# Value Distribution Theory of the Gauss Map of Minimal Surfaces in Rm

This book presents in a systematic and almost self-contained way the striking analogy between classical function theory, in particular the value distribution theory of holomorphic curves in projective space, on the one hand, and important ...

This book presents in a systematic and almost self-contained way the striking analogy between classical function theory, in particular the value distribution theory of holomorphic curves in projective space, on the one hand, and important and beautiful properties of the Gauss map of minimal surfaces on the other hand. Both theories are developed in the text, including many results of recent research. The relations and analogies between them become completely clear. The book is written for interested graduate students and mathematicians, who want to become more familiar with this modern development in the two classical areas of mathematics, but also for those, who intend to do further research on minimal surfaces.

# Value Distribution of L Functions

Universality has a strong impact on the zero-distribution: Riemann’s hypothesis is true only if the Riemann zeta-function can approximate itself uniformly. The text proves universality for polynomial Euler products.

These notes present recent results in the value-distribution theory of L-functions with emphasis on the phenomenon of universality. Universality has a strong impact on the zero-distribution: Riemann’s hypothesis is true only if the Riemann zeta-function can approximate itself uniformly. The text proves universality for polynomial Euler products. The authors’ approach follows mainly Bagchi's probabilistic method. Discussion touches on related topics: almost periodicity, density estimates, Nevanlinna theory, and functional independence.

# Value distribution Theory

Good,No Highlights,No Markup,all pages are intact, Slight Shelfwear,may have the corners slightly dented, may have slight color changes/slightly damaged spine.

Good,No Highlights,No Markup,all pages are intact, Slight Shelfwear,may have the corners slightly dented, may have slight color changes/slightly damaged spine.

# Value Distribution Theory

It was the research on such topics that raised the curtain on the theory of value distribution of entire or meromorphic functions.

It is well known that solving certain theoretical or practical problems often depends on exploring the behavior of the roots of an equation such as (1) J(z) = a, where J(z) is an entire or meromorphic function and a is a complex value. It is especially important to investigate the number n(r, J = a) of the roots of (1) and their distribution in a disk Izl ~ r, each root being counted with its multiplicity. It was the research on such topics that raised the curtain on the theory of value distribution of entire or meromorphic functions. In the last century, the famous mathematician E. Picard obtained the pathbreaking result: Any non-constant entire function J(z) must take every finite complex value infinitely many times, with at most one excep tion. Later, E. Borel, by introducing the concept of the order of an entire function, gave the above result a more precise formulation as follows. An entire function J (z) of order A( 0 A

# Tropical Value Distribution Theory and Ultra Discrete Equations

This is the first textbook-type presentation of tropical value distribution theory.

This is the first textbook-type presentation of tropical value distribution theory. It provides a detailed introduction of the tropical version of the Nevanlinna theory, describing growth and value distribution analysis of continuous, piecewise linear functions on the real axis. The book also includes applications of this theory to ultra-discrete equations. Three appendices are given to compare the contents of the theory with the classical counterparts in complex analysis. Detailed presentation of the proofs makes the book accessible for lecture courses and independent studies at the graduate and post-doctoral level. Contents:Tropical Polynomials, Rationals and ExponentialsTropical Entire FunctionsOne-dimensional Tropical Nevanlinna TheoryClunie and Mohon'ko Type TheoremsTropical Holomorphic CurvesRepresentations of Tropical Periodic FunctionsApplications to Ultra-Discrete EquationsAppendices:Classical Nevanlinna and Cartan TheoriesIntroduction to Ultra-Discrete Painlevé EquationsSome Operators in Complex Analysis Readership: Graduate students, post-graduates and researchers. Key Features:First monograph type presentation in this topicSome of the material is new in contents, which follows in the presentationThe contributors have been active in value distribution theory, including its tropical variantKeywords:Tropical Mathematics;Value Distribution Theory;Ultra-discrete Equations

# Proceedings

Its purpose was to reflect the growth of this field from its beginning nearly 60 years ago as well as its connections to related areas. These proceedings present the lectures.

The University of Notre Dame held a symposium on value distribution in several complex variables in 1990. Its purpose was to reflect the growth of this field from its beginning nearly 60 years ago as well as its connections to related areas. These proceedings present the lectures.

# Quantile Functions Convergence in Quantile and Extreme Value Distribution Theory

The contributions of this paper are: (1) to emphasize the duality of quantile functions with distribution functions (sec. 1); (2) to explicitly define the notions of 'convergence in quantile' and 'convergence in r-mean quantile' (sec 2); ...

The aim of this paper is to summarize the probability theory of quantile functions. The contributions of this paper are: (1) to emphasize the duality of quantile functions with distribution functions (sec. 1); (2) to explicitly define the notions of 'convergence in quantile' and 'convergence in r-mean quantile' (sec 2); (3) provide simple proofs of the distribution theory of extreme values (sec 4); and (4) emphasize the role of tail exponents of quantile functions and density-quantile functions in providing easy to apply criteria for the extreme value distributions corresponding to a specified distribution. (Author).

# Extreme Value Distributions

This important book provides an up-to-date comprehensive and down-to-earth survey of the theory and practice of extreme value distributions ? one of the most prominent success stories of modern applied probability and statistics.

This important book provides an up-to-date comprehensive and down-to-earth survey of the theory and practice of extreme value distributions ? one of the most prominent success stories of modern applied probability and statistics. Originated by E J Gumbel in the early forties as a tool for predicting floods, extreme value distributions evolved during the last 50 years into a coherent theory with applications in practically all fields of human endeavor where maximal or minimal values (the so-called extremes) are of relevance. The book is of usefulness both for a beginner with a limited probabilistic background and to expert in the field.