Variation Rolls the Dice

Thanks to the diversity of topics and the wide-ranging theoretical persuasions of the contributors, this volume aims at a large readership including both scholars and advanced students interested in cutting-edge research in the ...

Variation Rolls the Dice

Variation Rolls the Dice: A worldwide collage in honour of Salikoko S. Mufwene aims to celebrate Mufwene’s ground-breaking contribution to linguistics in the past four decades. The title also encapsulates his approach to language as both systemic and socio-cultural practices, and the role of variation in determining particular evolutionary trajectories in specific linguistic ecologies. The book therefore focuses on variation within and across languages, within and across speakers, and how this fundamental aspect of human behavior can affect language structure in time and space. Mufwene has been instrumental in putting creole languages on the map of General Linguistics and connecting their analysis to issues of language acquisition, multilingualism, language contact, language evolution, and language typology. Thanks to the diversity of topics and the wide-ranging theoretical persuasions of the contributors, this volume aims at a large readership including both scholars and advanced students interested in cutting-edge research in the aforementioned domains.

Popular Manufacturing Myths

It required an analogy be drawn between the facility's scrap and a dice or “craps” table at a casino. Players rolling dice at a craps table win or lose as a function of naturally random variation. Specifically, if one hundred rolls of ...

Popular Manufacturing Myths

Addressing the beliefs and attitudes that can be detrimental to your organization’s competitiveness, Popular Manufacturing Myths: Eliminating Widely Held Beliefs That Reduce Competitiveness offers time-tested insight into the most common myths encountered in manufacturing environments. It classifies these myths into management myths, shop floor myths, and if appropriate, shared management and shop floor myths. Explaining the reasons why these deeply ingrained beliefs exist, the book outlines remedies that can help to quickly dispel them within your organization. It presents case studies that examine these myths and includes numerous real-world examples that outline simple, yet effective, solutions. Some of the myths dispelled in this book include: Increasing line speed always decreases quality and creates more scrap Reducing the cost of raw materials will decrease the cost of manufacturing Increased inspection will boost quality If it is successful in R&D, it will be successful in production Process problems can only be solved by changing one process parameter at a time Covering the basics of data collection tools, techniques, and analysis, the text offers simple methods to structure your data to assist in communicating clear and logical conclusions across the organization. The author keeps the arithmetic and statistics to a minimum, so readers only require a basic understanding of averaging and normal variation. However, for those who wish to understand a little bit more about a particular concept, technique, tool, or procedure, the book includes an addendum chapter with more detailed explanations and sample calculations.

Here s One I Made Earlier

The person who successfully guesses the expression then rolls the dice. Now each person tries rolling both dice at the same time. They make one 'face', and then the other one, for the others to guess. Variations Variation 1.

Here s One I Made Earlier

This imaginative and practical book contains a collection of ideas and games that should provide you with lots of new resources without spending a fortune. Some of the games and activities address particular communication themes, such as: listening techniques; speech sounds; vocabulary building; and friendship skills, while others cover several areas simultaneously. The book is organised into chapters according to the major skill area being addressed, with suggestion for linked items in other chapters. To add to well-established and structured programmes of therapy that SLTs use, there are two principles that can make for better therapeutic outcomes, and on which the book is based: clients often respond more effectively if they feel that they "own" their therapy by being involved in making the materials that they will use; and therapy is improved when it is good fun, and preferably humorous. You don't need to be a great artist or craftsman to create these games and activities, or huge quantities of spare time to make most of the items, especially if you can get organised with equipment all in one go. There is a basic shopping list to help you get started. It is a must have for all Speech and Language Therapists. It is presented in A4 wire-o-bound.

Oxford IB Diploma Programme IB Course Preparation Mathematics

The second variation involved rolling two dice twenty-four times and winning if you get a double six. Méré argued that if the chance of getting a six in one roll of the dice was it would be 46 = 23 which is 16 then in four greater than ...

Oxford IB Diploma Programme  IB Course Preparation Mathematics

Directly linked to Oxford's bestselling DP Mathematics resources, this new Course Preparation resource thoroughly prepares students to meet the demands of IB Diploma Programme Mathematics. Ideal for students who have studied non-IB courses at pre-16 level, the text introduces learners to the IB approach, terminology and skills. The focus of this book is to give students and teachers a solid introduction to the skills and approaches required for their DP Mathematics course. Following the IB DP curriculum and using a skills and concept-based approach this resource will mean that students can begin their DP course with a firm foundation of subject area content. An emphasis will be placed on getting students to make connections to their real world observations so that the learning authentic and applicable outside of the classroom. This book does not replace the course book content for DP but is in line with the latest DP syllabus updates including assessment details, subject terminology and syllabus content. Answers are available online.

Games for Children Primary Resource Books for Teachers

VARIATION. 1. You canreplace face parts with body parts or parts of animals, vehicles, etc. VARIATION. 2. Instead of simply repeating numbers and face parts, make the children say phrases when they roll the dice.

Games for Children   Primary Resource Books for Teachers

A fresh and enjoyable collection of games for children aged between 4 and 11, including card games, board games, physical games, and co-operative and competitive games. Gives helpful guidance for teachers on integrating games into the English syllabus, classroom management, adapting traditional games, and creating new games with children.

Reading Language Math Activities Fall

Variation #1: The student writes eight numbers in sequential order—one number for each leg. The student rolls the dice and must get the numbers in order before he or she can color that leg. The first player to color all of the spider's ...

Reading  Language   Math Activities  Fall


The Routledge Handbook of Pidgin and Creole Languages

In Variation rolls the dice, edited by Enoch O. Aboh, Michel DeGraff & Cécile B. Vigoroux. (Contact Language Library). Amsterdam/ Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Lim, L. & Ansaldo, U. 2021. Mobile agents: Contact effects, identification, ...

The Routledge Handbook of Pidgin and Creole Languages

The Routledge Handbook of Pidgin and Creole Languages offers a state-of-the-art collection of original contributions in the area of Pidgin and Creole studies. Providing unique and equal coverage of nearly all parts of the world where such languages are found, as well as situating each area within a rich socio-historical context, this book presents fresh and diverse interdisciplinary perspectives from leading voices in the field. Divided into three sections, its analysis covers: Space and place – areal perspective on pidgin and creole languages Usage, function and power – sociolinguistic and artistic perspectives on pidgins and creoles, creoles as sociocultural phenomena Framing of the study of pidgin and creole languages – history of the field, interdisciplinary connections Demonstrating how fundamentally human and natural these communication systems are, how rich in expressive power and sophisticated in their complexity, The Routledge Handbook of Pidgin and Creole Languages is an essential reference for anyone with an interest in this area.

The Handbook of Historical Linguistics Volume II

ecology rolls the dice on its internal variation, disadvantaging some variants while favoring others. It also militates for an alternative way of describing structural changes in a language, because the description according to which ...

The Handbook of Historical Linguistics  Volume II

An entirely new follow-up volume providing a detailed account of numerous additional issues, methods, and results that characterize current work in historical linguistics. This brand-new, second volume of The Handbook of Historical Linguistics is a complement to the well-established first volume first published in 2003. It includes extended content allowing uniquely comprehensive coverage of the study of language(s) over time. Though it adds fresh perspectives on several topics previously treated in the first volume, this Handbook focuses on extensions of diachronic linguistics beyond those key issues. This Handbook provides readers with studies of language change whose perspectives range from comparisons of large open vs. small closed corpora, via creolistics and linguistic contact in general, to obsolescence and endangerment of languages. Written by leading scholars in their respective fields, new chapters are offered on matters such as the origin of language, evidence from language for reconstructing human prehistory, invocations of language present in studies of language past, benefits of linguistic fieldwork for historical investigation, ways in which not only biological evolution but also field biology can serve as heuristics for research into the rise and spread of linguistic innovations, and more. Moreover, it: offers novel and broadened content complementing the earlier volume so as to provide the fullest available overview of a wholly engrossing field includes 23 all-new contributed chapters, treating some familiar themes from fresh perspectives but mostly covering entirely new topics features expanded discussion of material from language families other than Indo-European provides a multiplicity of views from numerous specialists in linguistic diachrony. The Handbook of Historical Linguistics, Volume II is an ideal book for undergraduate and graduate students in linguistics, researchers and professional linguists, as well as all those interested in the history of particular languages and the history of language more generally.

Statistics and the Evaluation of Evidence for Forensic Scientists

The variation to be considered in the refractive index of glass is however of a more complicated structure than the number of sixes in rolls of four dice . There is variation in refractive index within a window and between windows .

Statistics and the Evaluation of Evidence for Forensic Scientists

The leading resource in the statistical evaluation and interpretation of forensic evidence The third edition of Statistics and the Evaluation of Evidence for Forensic Scientists is fully updated to provide the latest research and developments in the use of statistical techniques to evaluate and interpret evidence. Courts are increasingly aware of the importance of proper evidence assessment when there is an element of uncertainty. Because of the increasing availability of data, the role of statistical and probabilistic reasoning is gaining a higher profile in criminal cases. That’s why lawyers, forensic scientists, graduate students, and researchers will find this book an essential resource, one which explores how forensic evidence can be evaluated and interpreted statistically. It’s written as an accessible source of information for all those with an interest in the evaluation and interpretation of forensic scientific evidence. Discusses the entire chain of reasoning–from evidence pre-assessment to court presentation; Includes material for the understanding of evidence interpretation for single and multiple trace evidence; Provides real examples and data for improved understanding. Since the first edition of this book was published in 1995, this respected series has remained a leading resource in the statistical evaluation of forensic evidence. It shares knowledge from authors in the fields of statistics and forensic science who are international experts in the area of evidence evaluation and interpretation. This book helps people to deal with uncertainty related to scientific evidence and propositions. It introduces a method of reasoning that shows how to update beliefs coherently and to act rationally. In this edition, readers can find new information on the topics of elicitation, subjective probabilities, decision analysis, and cognitive bias, all discussed in a Bayesian framework.

Mindset Mathematics Visualizing and Investigating Big Ideas Grade 3

On a turn, roll two dice. The numbers on the dice represent the length and width of a rectangle. ... In this variation, when a player rolls the dice and gets the dimensions, they can place on the grid any rectangle that has an ...

Mindset Mathematics  Visualizing and Investigating Big Ideas  Grade 3

Engage students in mathematics using growth mindset techniques The most challenging parts of teaching mathematics are engaging students and helping them understand the connections between mathematics concepts. In this volume, you'll find a collection of low floor, high ceiling tasks that will help you do just that, by looking at the big ideas at the third-grade level through visualization, play, and investigation. During their work with tens of thousands of teachers, authors Jo Boaler, Jen Munson, and Cathy Williams heard the same message—that they want to incorporate more brain science into their math instruction, but they need guidance in the techniques that work best to get across the concepts they needed to teach. So the authors designed Mindset Mathematics around the principle of active student engagement, with tasks that reflect the latest brain science on learning. Open, creative, and visual math tasks have been shown to improve student test scores, and more importantly change their relationship with mathematics and start believing in their own potential. The tasks in Mindset Mathematics reflect the lessons from brain science that: There is no such thing as a math person - anyone can learn mathematics to high levels. Mistakes, struggle and challenge are the most important times for brain growth. Speed is unimportant in mathematics. Mathematics is a visual and beautiful subject, and our brains want to think visually about mathematics. With engaging questions, open-ended tasks, and four-color visuals that will help kids get excited about mathematics, Mindset Mathematics is organized around nine big ideas which emphasize the connections within the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and can be used with any current curriculum.

A Grammar of Gurindji

Acquisition or shift: Interpreting variation in Gurindji children's expression of spatial relations. In Enoch Aboh & Cécile Vigouroux (Eds.), Variation Rolls the Dice. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. → Ennever, Thomas. (2021).

A Grammar of Gurindji

Gurindji is a Pama-Nyungan language of north-central Australia. It is a member of the Ngumpin subgroup which forms a part of the Ngumpin-Yapa group. The phonology is typically Pama-Nyungan; the phoneme inventory contains five places of articulation for stops which have corresponding nasals. It also has three laterals, two rhotics and three vowels. There are no fricatives and, among the stops, voicing is not phonemically distinctive. One striking morpho-phonological process is a nasal cluster dissimilation (NCD) rule. Gurindji is morphologically agglutinative and suffixing, exhibiting a mix of dependent-marking and head-marking. Nominals pattern according to an ergative system and bound pronouns show an accusative pattern. Gurindji marks a further 10 cases. Free and bound pronouns distinguish person (1st inclusive and exclusive, 2nd and 3rd) and three numbers (minimal, unit augmented and augmented). The Gurindji verb complex consists of an inflecting verb and coverb. Inflecting verbs belong to a closed class of 34 verbs which are grammatically obligatory. Coverbs form an open class, numbering in the hundreds and carrying the semantic weight of the complex verb.

Across the Boundaries

One begins by finding a source of exogenous variation, such as a purely random process such as a coin toss or a roll of dice. The source of variation is exogenous in the sense that, except under the special conditions implemented in the ...

Across the Boundaries

Steel argues that previous accounts of extrapolation are inadequate and proposes a better approach that is able to answer methodological critiques of extrapolation from animal models to humans. His work develops the thought that knowledge of mechanisms linking cause to effect can serve as a basis for extrapolation.

The Toolbox for Building a Great Family Dog

Variation for two people: Your friend responds only to odd numbers. Throw the dice. If an odd number results, your friend has to mark as soon as possible, pick up the dice, and roll again. Is it an even number this time?

The Toolbox for Building a Great Family Dog

Terry Ryan is one of the most well-known figures in the world of positive dog training. She has been a mentor to a generation of trainers world-wide. In The Toolbox for Building a Great Family Dog, Terry presents a complete guide to help families raise a happy and well-mannered dog using techniques and games that are both fun and effective. Though this is a new book with a new focus, some will recognize parts from several of Terry's previous books, the original Toolbox For Remodeling Your Problem Dog, Coaching People To Train Their Dogs and The Bark Stops Here. The focus of this book is the family dog and all that phrase implies including the interactions between kids and dogs, household management strategies, common behavioral problems and training games the whole family (and dog!) can enjoy. Terry's fans will remember her 1998 book The Toolbox for Remodeling Your Problem Dog. This was one the first books to translate the science of dog behavior and training into practical and easily understood skills for both pet owner and trainer. The focus was on how to solve behavior problems. Now, as Terry puts it, her emphasis is on circumventing problems by rewarding good behavior and teaching alternative behaviors to replace those that are less desirable.

Language Evolution

Notwithstanding the fact that ecology rolls the dice to resolve competition, even in maintaining variation, we can imagine that spoken language was generally favored over signed language for precisely some of the reasons articulated by ...

Language Evolution

Languages are constantly changing. New words are added to the English language every year, either borrowed or coined, and there is often railing against the 'decline' of the language by public figures. Some languages, such as French and Finnish, have academies to protect them against foreign imports. Yet languages are species-like constructs, which evolve naturally over time. Migration, imperialism, and globalization have blurred boundaries between many of them, producing new ones (such as creoles) and driving some to extinction. This book examines the processes by which languages change, from the macroecological perspective of competition and natural selection. In a series of chapters, Salikoko Mufwene examines such themes as: - natural selection in language - the actuation question and the invisible hand that drives evolution - multilingualism and language contact - language birth and language death - the emergence of Creoles and Pidgins - the varying impacts of colonization and globalization on language vitality This comprehensive examination of the organic evolution of language will be essential reading for graduate and senior undergraduate students, and for researchers on the social dynamics of language variation and change, language vitality and death, and even the origins of linguistic diversity.

A Board Game Education

(Implementing this variation from the outset of the game may cause some problems as players will end up with negative ... Movement is determined by rolling the dice, and the number rolled on the dice may be split to move both tokens or ...

A Board Game Education

A Board Game Education is an entertaining and valuable resource for parents, teachers, educators, and anyone who appreciates the fun and entertainment provided by classic, traditional board games. The book provides an informative analysis of how classic board games that everyone has played_and probably owns_are not only great family entertainment but also develop core educational skills that have been proven to lead to academic achievement. Through A Board Game Education readers learn a bit of the fascinating history trivia and little-known facts regarding the most loved board games of all time (i.e., how Monopoly was used by WWII POWs to escape). At the same time, Hinebaugh identifies the distinct educational skills developed by each of these games and explores in detail how the play of these games cultivates such skills. A Board Game Education also provides valuable suggestions about how to modify and vary these classic board games to specifically enhance additional core educational skills and concepts. Who would have thought that Candy Land could be modified into a strategy game and Chutes and Ladders could be used to teach algebraic equations and advanced math.

Developing Number Knowledge

In this variation, a player has to use all four dice, and can add or subtract each number to make their total, as illustrated in Figure 4.5b. Super Bulls-eye. As with Bulls-eye Combination, a player rolls four dice, and needs to add or ...

Developing Number Knowledge

This fourth book in the Mathematics Recovery series equips teachers with detailed pedagogical knowledge and resources for teaching number to 7 to 11-year olds. Drawing on extensive programs of research, curriculum development, and teacher development, the book offers a coherent, up-to-date approach emphasizing computational fluency and the progressive development of students’ mathematical sophistication. The book is organized in key domains of number instruction, including structuring numbers 1 to 20, knowledge of number words and numerals, conceptual place value, mental computation, written computation methods, fractions, and early algebraic reasoning.

Probability and Statistics with R

(3.10) When only a sample of data from a population of interest is available, the coefficient of variation is estimated ... If the come out roll (sum of the two dice) is either a 7 or an 11, all bettors win the amount of money they have ...

Probability and Statistics with R

Cohesively Incorporates Statistical Theory with R ImplementationSince the publication of the popular first edition of this comprehensive textbook, the contributed R packages on CRAN have increased from around 1,000 to over 6,000. Designed for an intermediate undergraduate course, Probability and Statistics with R, Second Edition explores how some o

Mega Fun Math Games and Puzzles for the Elementary Grades

Each player takes one die, and the two players simultaneously roll the dice (on the count of “One, two, ... on the grid after twenty-five dice rolls is the winner. Playing variation: The game can be played with three or four players.

Mega Fun Math Games and Puzzles for the Elementary Grades

Make developing basic math skills fun and painless With this great collection of over 125 easy-to-use games, puzzles, and activities, teachers and parents can help kids comprehend fundamental math concepts, including addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, place value, fractions, and more. All games and puzzles use easy-to-find household items such as paper and pencil, playing cards, coins, and dice. The activities also help children develop problem-solving skills, such as testing hypotheses, creating strategies, and organizing information, as well as spatial relations skills, part-to-whole skills, and memory. Michael Schiro, EdD (Chestnut Hill, MA), is an associate professor at the School of Education at Boston College. He is the author of several books on teaching and learning math and is a frequent presenter at local and national math conferences.

A Gambling Guide

Variation 1 The first player is chosen by having each player roll one die. The highest roll is the first player to start. At the beginning of each turn, the player throws all six six-sided dice. If any dice are not lying flat or on the ...

A Gambling Guide

Gambling as a betting action – wagering money or something of material value on an event with an uncertain outcome with the primary intent of winning additional money or material goods. A guide about what is gambling (with a special section for online gambling), casino games with both beatable casino games (poker , blackjack, video poker with progressive jackpot, pai gow poker, sports betting, horse racing – parimutuel, slot machines and other gambling machines) and unbeatable casino games (baccarat, craps, roulette, keno, casino war, faro, pachinko, sic bo, let it ride, 3-card poker, 4-card poker, red dog, Caribbean stud poker, etc.), and non-casino gambling games (bingo, lottery, mahjong, backgammon, bridge, etc.). Fixed-odds gambling in sports is also present in this book with horse racing, greyhound racing, football (particularly association football, American football and rugby), golf, tennis, cricket, baseball, basketball, ice hockey, snooker, motor sports, boxing, darts, cross-country skiing and biathlon. Please, don’t forget to take a look to the legality of the gambling and online gambling, as well as to the articles, warnings and links dedicated to the gambling addiction. Extreme cases of problem gambling may cross over into the realm of mental disorders.

The New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English J Z

171 , 1977 : ' Glossary of terms ' 3 to betray friends by changing sides ; to inform on someone us A variation of ROLL OVER . • He knew the big , ugly steroid jockey was just smart enough to figure that Tommy would kill him inch by ...

The New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English  J Z

Entry includes attestations of the head word's or phrase's usage, usually in the form of a quotation. Annotation ©2006 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).