The Myth of Religious Violence

But given that, in Selengut's own account, the West is the aggressor, why is this not framed as an account of the violence of secularism? Or, if we take Selengut's words about the proselytizing approach and religious conviction with ...

The Myth of Religious Violence

The idea that religion has a dangerous tendency to promote violence is part of the conventional wisdom of Western societies, and it underlies many of our institutions and policies, from limits on the public role of religion to efforts to promote liberal democracy in the Middle East. William T. Cavanaugh challenges this conventional wisdom by examining how the twin categories of religion and the secular are constructed. A growing body of scholarly work explores how the category 'religion' has been constructed in the modern West and in colonial contexts according to specific configurations of political power. Cavanaugh draws on this scholarship to examine how timeless and transcultural categories of 'religion and 'the secular' are used in arguments that religion causes violence. He argues three points: 1) There is no transhistorical and transcultural essence of religion. What counts as religious or secular in any given context is a function of political configurations of power; 2) Such a transhistorical and transcultural concept of religion as non-rational and prone to violence is one of the foundational legitimating myths of Western society; 3) This myth can be and is used to legitimate neo-colonial violence against non-Western others, particularly the Muslim world.

Violence Explained

The Sources of Conflict, Violence and Crime and Their Prevention Professor John Burton, John Wear Burton. power there can be law and order and international stability . Because institutions emerged within a power frame , it has ...

Violence Explained

In Violence Explained, John Burton presents a new approach to the problems of violence, conflict and crime, and explains how this can be used as a basis for public policy.

Child Protection Domestic Violence and Parental Substance Misuse

shows how differently parental alcohol misuse, drug misuse and domestic violence affect children and families. THE IMPACT OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND PARENTAL SUBSTANCE MISUSE ON CHILDREN'S DEVELOPMENTAL NEEDS Over a third (39.1%) of the ...

Child Protection  Domestic Violence and Parental Substance Misuse

This book draws on a wide range of evidence to explore the facts about the relationship between substance misuse and domestic violence and their effect on children, and examines the response of children's services when there are concerns about the safety and welfare of children. It reveals the vulnerability of these children and the extent to which domestic violence, parental alcohol or parental drug misuse impact on children's health and development, affect the adults' capacity to undertake key parenting tasks, and influence the response of wider family and the community. It includes parents' own voices and allows them to explain what help they feel would best support families in similar situations. The authors explore the extent to which current local authority plans, procedures, joint protocols and training support information sharing and collaborative working. Emphasising the importance of an holistic inter-agency approach to assessment, planning and service provision, the authors draw from the findings implications for policy and practice in both children and adult services. This book is essential reading for all professionals working to promote the welfare and wellbeing of children and those working with vulnerable adults, many of whom are parents.

History Violence and the Hyperreal

While Riera seems very aware of the notion of socially programmed behavior, Girard seems unaware of the connection between the masculine struggle for power that leads to violence and the displacement of the female.5 Girard explains the ...

History  Violence  and the Hyperreal

What does literature reveal about a country's changing cultural identity? In History, Violence, and the Hyperreal by Kathryn Everly, this question is applied to the contemporary novel in Spain. In the process, similarities emerge among novels that embrace apparent differences in style, structure, and language. Contemporary Spanish authors are rethinking the way the novel with its narrative powers can define a specific cultural identity. Recent Spanish novels by Carme Riera, Dulce Chacon, Javier Cercas, Ray Loriga, Lucia Etxebarria, and Jose Angel Manas (published from 1995 to 2008) particularly highlight the tension that exists between historical memory and urban youth culture. The novels discussed in this study reconfigure the individual's relationship to narrative, history, and reality through their varied interpretations of Spanish history with its common threads of national and personal violence. In these books, culture acts as mediator between the individual and the rapidly changing dynamic of contemporary society. The authors experiment with the novel form to challenge fundamental concepts of identity when the narrative acknowledges more than one way of reading and understanding history, violence, and reality. In Spain today, questions of historical accuracy in all foundational fictions--such as the Inquisition, the Spanish Civil War, or globalization--collide with the urgency to modernize. The result is a clash between regional and global identities. Seemingly disparate works of historical fiction and Generation X narrative prove similar in the way they deal with history, reality, and the delicate relationship between writer and reader.

Violence

Violence and womenshealth:Therole of epidemiology'. Annals of Epidemiology, 126, 1154–1164. Sorenson, S.,& Telles, C. (1991). Selfreports ofspousal violence inaMexican American and nonHispanic White population. Violence and Victims,6(1) ...

Violence

Understand violence within its cultural context! To reduce violence, we need to understand what it is, where it comes from, and what it means in cultural context. Violence: Diverse Populations and Communities provides new empirical research and theoretical models to help you understand the impact of violence on various ethnic and cultural groups. From the effects of abuse on Latino children to aged Korean-American women's perceptions of elder mistreatment, this comprehensive volume covers all ages, many ethnic groups, and multiple types of violence. Violence: Diverse Populations and Communities looks at such neglected populations as Mexican, Korean, Vietnamese, and Cambodian immigrants as well as Black, Caucasian, and Latino cultures. The forms of violence studied range from the devastation of war to keeping elders isolated for long periods of time and culturally specific forms of abuse. This comprehensive volume also includes a thorough literature review, stressing the need for more research, especially into the needs and experiences of neglected populations, and suggesting fruitful areas for further inquiry. Violence: Diverse Populations and Communities asks and answers complex questions, including: Is war or street violence more traumatic for adolescent refugees from the Khmer Rouge? What social support benefits do street gangs offer their members? How do cultural expectations of male and female roles affect dating violence? What culturally sensitive interventions best address the needs of a Latina rape survivor? How do women of various Asian cultures respond to spousal battering? How can practitioners working with elder abuse victims define their roles, objectives, and interventions to accommodate cultural differences? The groundbreaking research in Violence: Diverse Populations and Communities provides an illuminating exploration into the cultural meaning of violence. By questioning standard assumptions and discovering what violence means to those who suffer from it and perpetrate it, practitioners can better serve multicultural client populations. This book will change the way you see violence by helping you understand its manifestations within various cultural contexts.

Violence the Arts and Willa Cather

Cather's treatment of children and violence bespeaks her desire to eschew scenes of sensational horror , which could overwhelm the reader's imagination and deflect attention from the responses of characters , subtle details , and turns ...

Violence  the Arts  and Willa Cather

Willa Cather was devoted to making art in the face of violence. Here, she emerges as a resource for survival in an age of terror, an artist who encourages her readers to feel at home in the nexus of creativity and terror, and to seek creative responses to the horror of human life.

Peace Culture and Violence

Galtung on Language as a Domain of Cultural Violence In 1969 Johan Galtung introduced his concept of “structural violence” as a complement to “direct violence.”2 Twenty-one years later he added the concept of “cultural violence.

Peace  Culture  and Violence

Peace, Culture, and Violence is a collection of essays that examine the forms of violence that permeate everyday life and explore sources of non-violence by considering topics such as thug culture, language, hegemony, police violence, war, terrorism, gender, and anti-Semitism.

State Violence and Moral Horror

Therefore, natural law cannot be the proper way to approach the relation of violence to law and justice. On the other hand, legal positivism does offer, for Benjamin, a starting point for a critique of violence.

State Violence and Moral Horror

Explores the concept of "moral horror" as the experience of living amidst unjustifiable state violence.

Citizenship Education and Violence

INTRODUCTION Drawing on Arendt's (1969: 53) seminal thoughts on violence, we infer that '[v]iolence can always destroy power; out of the barrel of a gun grows the most effective command, resulting in the most instant and perfect ...

Citizenship  Education and Violence

The focus of this book is to offer a humane rocesponse to dealing with violence. An interpretive analysis is presented in order to think differently about violence in schools and about how a citizenship education of becoming can deal with the unpredictable consequences of violence in its own potentiality. It seems to the authors that, given the confident onslaught of violence, there is nothing left to do but to offer insight into the nature of violence itself and, by so doing, to search for unexplored ways of humane response and being. The authors are not pretending to hold a magic wand that will sanctify schools into the safe zones that they ought to be and as which they should serve in any society. This would be both presumptuous and misleading. What one is looking and hoping for, however, is a renewed engagement, a slight tilting of the perspective, so that something other than how we have always responded to violence perhaps will emerge. The authors are confident that such a deconstructive approach to violence in schools through the lens of a reconsidered view of citizenship education can assist them and others to wrestle with its potential for destruction that can be changed into options for co-belonging of a non-violent, if not peaceful, kind.

Families Violence And Social Change

problems arising from the gendered social worlds and practices that fail to inhibit or tackle violence. Of course, support for those experiencing violence is imperative, and many aspects of these services continue to be under-resourced, ...

Families  Violence And Social Change

“This comprehensive analysis on abuse committed in the home provides insights at both the micro and macro levels... The book combines legal and social science approaches in a way that makes it essential reading for anyone studying or working on violence-related issues.†Kevät Nousiainen, University of Helsinki, Johanna Niemi-Kiesiläinen, University of Umeå and Anu Pylkkänen, University of Helsinki. “This excellent book offers a timely intervention into debates about violence. Whilst most debates still focus on the spectacular rather than mundane forms of violence, Linda McKie uses a synthesis of legal, sociological and feminist research to show how current debates fail to deal with the violence that underpins our lives.†Prof Beverley Skeggs, University of London. An exciting new addition to the series, this book tackles assumptions surrounding the family as a changing institution and supposed haven from the public sphere of life. It considers families and social change in terms of concepts of power, inequality, gender, generations, sexuality and ethnicity. Some commentators suggest the family is threatened by increasing economic and social uncertainties and an enhanced focus upon the individual. This book provides a resume of these debates, as well as a critical review of the theories of family and social change: Charts social and economic changes and their impact on the family Considers the prevalence and nature of abuse within families Explores the relationship between social theory, families and changing issues in familial relationships Develops a theory of social change and families through a critical and pragmatic stance Key reading for undergraduate students of sociology reading courses such as family, gender, health, criminology and social change.

Global Violence

An additional limiting factor of our definition of violence is that, in this book, we are mainly concerned with public or “political” violence over and against private violence. This book will not address issues such as domestic abuse, ...

Global Violence

What does it mean to say that a particular war is just or unjust, that terrorism is always wrong, or that torture can sometimes be morally justified? What are the moral bases for the possession or use of nuclear weapons, intervening in other countries’ civil wars, or being a bystander to genocide? Such questions take us to the heart of what is morally right and wrong behaviour in our world. Global Violence: Ethical and Political Issues provides readers with the analytical tools to better understand the suppositions that underlie the debates about such questions, as well as advances its own reasoned and informed ethical analyses of these topics. The book engages different normative approaches from the fields of ethics, political theory, and international relations and uses them to examine a set of case studies on the subjects of inter-state and civil war, nuclear weapons, terrorism, torture and genocide.

Rethinking School Violence

Media representations of school violence tend to pick up on the more sensational violent incidents such as shootings, student suicides resulting from bullying and harassment or the sexual abuse of students by teachers.

Rethinking School Violence

The essays in this book examine how norms of gender, culture and educational practice contribute to school violence.

Childhood Aggression and Violence

THE MEDICALIZATION OF VIOLENCE The current attention being given to the importance of violence in America tends to follow a similar pattern and to employ similar dynamics. The tension is demonstrated in a recent major statement about ...

Childhood Aggression and Violence

The conference on which this volume is based was one of a series of symposia initiated by the Department of Psychology at the University of Hawaii at Manoa on the theory and research surrounding topics of interest to the faculty and germane to the Hawaiian community. In order to encourage interaction around specific themes, the symposium series has assembled a small, select group of scholars to exchange knowledge, ideas, and enthusiasm with the resident faculty, students, and the community at large. The first two symposia concentrated on cross-cultural themes (Marsella, Tharp, & Ciborowski, 1979; Marsella, DeVos, & Hsu, 1985). The third one addressed a significant social problem: aggression and violence in children. At the time that our plan was being developed, Hawaii, along with mainland states, was experiencing or at least expressing widespread alarm over the involvement of children and youth in violent crime, in belligerence at school, as perpetrators of aggression at home, and as victims of physical abuse. This symposium was planned around a major area within the department, the Clinical Studies Program. The Clinical Studies Program has developed along two interrelated lines of concentration: one emphasized the foundation of clin cical psychology in basic science and the other expanded its purview into the broader community, covering prevention, systems change, and social networks.

Framing Sexual and Domestic Violence through Language

of violence but also include violences done to them without excusing their own violence or treating it as parallel. Such namings of violence, distinctions between types of violence, and conceptualizations around violence feed into ...

Framing Sexual and Domestic Violence through Language

With examples from throughout Europe and the United States, the contributors to this volume explore how gender violence is framed through language and what this means for research and policy. Language shapes responses to abuse and approaches to perpetrators and interfaces with national debates about gender, violence, and social change.

Handbook of School Violence and School Safety

violence is highlighted, and areas for future investigation are presented. Implications for practice to address and prevent youth violence are also given. World Report on Violence and Health The World Report on Violence and Health (WHO, ...

Handbook of School Violence and School Safety

The Handbook of School Violence and School Safety: International Research and Practice has become the premier resource for educational and mental health professionals and policymakers seeking to implement effective prevention and intervention programs that reduce school violence and promote safe and effective schools. It covers the full range of school violence and safety topics from harassment and bullying to promoting safe, secure, and peaceful schools. It also examines existing school safety programs and includes the multi-disciplinary research and theories that guide them. Examinations of current issues and projections of future research and practice are embedded within each chapter. This volume maps the boundaries of this rapidly growing and multidisciplinary field of study. Key features include... Comprehensive Coverage – The chapters are divided into three parts: Foundations; Assessment and Measurement; Prevention and Intervention Programs. Together they provide a comprehensive review of what is known about the types, causes, and effects of school violence and the most effective intervention programs that have been developed to prevent violence and promote safe and thriving school climates. Evidence-based Practice – Avoiding a one-size-fits-all approach to prevention and intervention, the focus throughout is on the application of evidence-based practice to address factors most commonly associated with school violence and safety. Implications for Practice – Each chapter bridges the research-to-practice gap, with a section delineating implications for practice of the foregoing research. Chapter Structure – To ensure continuity and coherence across the book, each chapter begins with a brief abstract and ends with a table showing the implications for practice. International Focus – Acknowledging the fact that school violence and safety is a global concern, this edition has increased its focus on insights learned from cross-national research and practice outside the USA. Expertise – The editors and authors are experienced researchers, teachers, practitioners, and leaders in the school violence field, their expertise includes their breadth and depth of knowledge and experience, bridging research, policy, and practice and representing a variety of international organizations studying school violence around the world.

Oregon s Best Domestic Violence Lawyers

violence, emotional violence, sexual violence, physiological violence, and financial violence. For example, financial violence includes withholding access to pay or bank accounts, while physiological violence includes humiliation, ...

Oregon   s Best Domestic Violence Lawyers

Throughout 2020’s COVID-19 pandemic, many major US states have begun experiencing surges in domestic violence rates, as residents facing increasing pressures of financial and health worries. Unfortunately, domestic violence is a problem that affects all types of demographics, transcending race, class, age, educational level, and even, gender.

Violence as a Generative Force

It follows that for those interested in explaining the dynamics of mass violence, analyzing the ideologies, plans, and actions of perpetrators can be insufficient in certain contexts. We have to also consider why those opposed to ...

Violence as a Generative Force

During two terrifying days and nights in early September 1941, the lives of nearly two thousand men, women, and children were taken savagely by their neighbors in Kulen Vakuf, a small rural community straddling today’s border between northwest Bosnia and Croatia. This frenzy—in which victims were butchered with farm tools, drowned in rivers, and thrown into deep vertical caves—was the culmination of a chain of local massacres that began earlier in the summer. In Violence as a Generative Force, Max Bergholz tells the story of the sudden and perplexing descent of this once peaceful multiethnic community into extreme violence. This deeply researched microhistory provides provocative insights to questions of global significance: What causes intercommunal violence? How does such violence between neighbors affect their identities and relations? Contrary to a widely held view that sees nationalism leading to violence, Bergholz reveals how the upheavals wrought by local killing actually created dramatically new perceptions of ethnicity—of oneself, supposed "brothers," and those perceived as "others." As a consequence, the violence forged new communities, new forms and configurations of power, and new practices of nationalism. The history of this community was marked by an unexpected explosion of locally executed violence by the few, which functioned as a generative force in transforming the identities, relations, and lives of the many. The story of this largely unknown Balkan community in 1941 provides a powerful means through which to rethink fundamental assumptions about the interrelationships among ethnicity, nationalism, and violence, both during World War II and more broadly throughout the world.

Work Related Violence

Adopting this European Union definition means that all forms of workrelated violence must be taken seriously , not just the more extreme manifestations . This involves an acceptance that all forms of work - related violence are capable ...

Work Related Violence

Recent reports suggest that violence in the workplace is an increasingly common problem for organizations, and that violence -or the threat of it- is one of the major sources of stress at work. Work-Related Violence examines the causes and consequences of violence at work, and offers practical solutions for managers and organizational psychology professionals. Part one reviews the size and scope of the problem and sets out the need for intervention and policy. Part two provides case studies of organizations and settings in which such an approach has been applied.

Working with Violence

Other recent authors have proposed typologies of violence similar to Glasser's. Perhaps the closest is Meloy (1992), who distinguishes between affective violence and predatory violence, roughly corresponding to Glasser's ...

Working with Violence

It has become an urgent priority to tackle the problem of violence. But in an age preoccupied with public protection and risk, violent behaviour is more likely to provoke a punitive response than any attempt to understand and address its root causes. Drawing on the field of psychoanalysis and the expanding discipline of forensic psychotherapy, this book offers a strong conceptual framework for understanding the motivations and dynamics that underlie violent behaviour in adults. Yakeley offers new insights into the therapeutic containment of aggression: • exploring violence in relation to specific areas including mental illness and personality, sexuality, gender, and racism • describing in detail the assessment and treatment of violent patients, whether one to one, in groups or at an institutional level • looking closely at work in different forensic settings as well as the interface between the mental health and criminal justice systems • illustrating observations and techniques with vivid case examples. Written in a clear and approachable style, with a helpful glossary of psychoanalytic and technical terms, Working with Violence is essential reading for those working, or considering working, in counselling, social work and health care settings where they come into therapeutic contact with violent individuals.