Jews and the Military

Deconstructing old stereotypes, Jews and the Military radically transforms our understanding of Jews' historic relationship to war and military power.

Jews and the Military

Jews and the Military is the first comprehensive and comparative look at Jews' involvement in the military and their attitudes toward war from the 1600s until the creation of the state of Israel in 1948. Derek Penslar shows that although Jews have often been described as people who shun the army, in fact they have frequently been willing, even eager, to do military service, and only a minuscule minority have been pacifists. Penslar demonstrates that Israel's military ethos did not emerge from a vacuum and that long before the state's establishment, Jews had a vested interest in military affairs. Spanning Europe, North America, and the Middle East, Penslar discusses the myths and realities of Jewish draft dodging, how Jews reacted to facing their coreligionists in battle, the careers of Jewish officers and their reception in the Jewish community, the effects of World War I on Jewish veterans, and Jewish participation in the Spanish Civil War and World War II. Penslar culminates with a study of Israel's War of Independence as a Jewish world war, which drew on the military expertise and financial support of a mobilized, global Jewish community. He considers how military service was a central issue in debates about Jewish emancipation and a primary indicator of the position of Jews in any given society. Deconstructing old stereotypes, Jews and the Military radically transforms our understanding of Jews' historic relationship to war and military power.

Dreamland

Provides an account of the struggle of Europeans and Jews to reconstruct their lives and culture in the wake of the ravages of World War I.

Dreamland

Provides an account of the struggle of Europeans and Jews to reconstruct their lives and culture in the wake of the ravages of World War I.

Antiquities of the Jews bk XVII XIX The wars of the Jews Against Apion

4; his assistance desired by the Jews, sect. 5; he makes war upon Alexander, and conquers him, c. xiv. sect. 1; War, i. iv. 4, 5; he makes war with his brother Philip, is carried prisoner into Parthia, and dies there, Antiq. xiii. xiv.

Antiquities of the Jews  bk XVII XIX  The wars of the Jews  Against Apion


The War Years

For discussion of the Holocaust see "The New Order and the War against the Jews" (pp. 124-129), "Jewish Resistance" (pp. 155-158), "The Allies and the Holocaust" (pp. 182-184), and scattered additional references.

The War Years

For discussion of the Holocaust see "The New Order and the War against the Jews" (pp. 124-129), "Jewish Resistance" (pp. 155-158), "The Allies and the Holocaust" (pp. 182-184), and scattered additional references.

Jews and the Civil War

"In gathering together these widely scattered essays, Professors Mendelsohn and Sarna reveal that we know much more than we ever thought we did about Jews and this great conflict, Just as the Civil War divided Americans; it divided Jews, ...

Jews and the Civil War

"In gathering together these widely scattered essays, Professors Mendelsohn and Sarna reveal that we know much more than we ever thought we did about Jews and this great conflict, Just as the Civil War divided Americans; it divided Jews, Jews debated slavery; Jewish soldiers wore the blue and the gray: and Jewish wives, in the North and the South, spent the war years longing for their menfolk. Civil War buffs, historians, and anyone interested in the cataclysm which rent the nation will welcome this marvelous collection depicting how one group of Americans experienced that terrible time" Pamela S. Nadell, Inaugural Patrick Clendenen Professor of History, American University "An excellent volume which contains many of the most authoritative scholarly essays on American Jewry and the Civil War. The volume sheds historical light on a wide range of fascinating subjects including Jews and slavery, Jews and Abolition, Jews in the military, and much more. Readers will be especially grateful for the learned and insightful editorial introductions that serve as forewords to each of the thematic sections. All those interested in the Civil War will want to own a copy of this rich resource. It is truly a cornucopia of historical insight" AT LEAST 8,000 JEWISH SOLDIERS fought for the Union and Confederacy during the Civil War. A few served together in Jewish companies while most fought alongside Christian comrades. Yet even as they stood "shoulder-to-shoulder" on the front lines, they encountered unique challenges. In Jews and the Civil War, editors Jonathan D. Sarna and Adam Mendelsohn assemble for the first time the foremost scholarship on Jews and the Civil War, little known even to specialists in the field. These accessible and far-ranging essays from leading scholars are grouped into seven thematic sections---Jews and Slavery, Jews and Abolition, Rabbis and the March to War, Jewish Soldiers during the Civil War, The Home Front, Jews as a Class, and Aftermath---each with an introduction by the editors. Together the pieces gathered here reappraise the impact of the war on Jews in the North and the South, offering a rich and fascinating portrait of the experience of Jewish soldiers and civilians from the home front to the battle front.

Jewish War under Trajan and Hadrian

History to this year had included a 'battle of the Romans against the Jews' followed by Greek anti-Jewish turbulence. This turbulence, as noted above, is unlikely to be identical with the probably later killing of cityJews which ...

Jewish War under Trajan and Hadrian


The Jewish War of Flavius Josephus

Jewish people with the Roman power could not be well understood , or was not likely to be duly thought of by those ... This enlarged history , a summary of which fills the first book of the WARS OF THE Jews , occupies the last six books ...

The Jewish War of Flavius Josephus


World War I and the Remaking of Jewish Vilna 1914 1918

INTRODUCTION World War I was both a traumatic and transformative event for the Jewish community of Vilna. The war brought vast disruption to the city, ushering in a period of immense suffering as thousands of Jews died of starvation and ...

World War I and the Remaking of Jewish Vilna  1914 1918

This study argues for the importance of World War I in the history of Jewish life in Russia and Eastern Europe through an analysis of Jewish politics, society, and culture in the city of Vilna/Vilnius from 1914 to 1918.

The Jews of Bielorussia During World War II

There was nothing greater than that , and there was nothing more than just that , and it alone justified remaining alive after all that had transpired . Vengeance : that was the Jewish aim in this war . Jews , Jewish fighters , lusted ...

The Jews of Bielorussia During World War II

A history of the Jews in three northeastern regions of prewar Poland - Vilna, Nowogrodek, and Polesia (roughly corresponds to Western Belorussia) - from the annexation of these areas by the USSR in September 1939 until 1944. Describes extermination methods used by the Nazis in the "waves" of mass executions in 1941-42. Surveys the history of the establishment and liquidation of the ghettos in this area. Focuses on the Jewish resistance, which was very active, involving spontaneous acts during mass executions, well-organized revolts (such as those in Nesvizh and Lakhva), and formation of Jewish partisan units. The backbone of the Jewish underground in the ghettos were the youth movements (e.g. Hashomer Hatzair, Hehalutz, Betar). Dwells on the problems which they confronted, noting that the Judenräte often opposed the underground movements. Contends that the attitude of Belorussians toward Jews was better than that of Ukrainians and Lithuanians; however, very few of them rescued Jews.

Soviet Jews in World War II

On the eve of the war, Jews constituted more than one-third (37 percent) of the town's general population; see Mordechai Altshuler, ed., Distribution of the Jewish Population of the USSR, 1939 (Jerusalem: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, ...

Soviet Jews in World War II

This volume discusses the participation of Jews as soldiers, journalists, and propagandists in combating the Nazis during the Great Patriotic War, as the period between June 22, 1941, and May 9, 1945 was known in the Soviet Union. The essays included here examine both newly-discovered and previously-neglected oral testimony, poetry, cinema, diaries, memoirs, newspapers, and archives. This is one of the first books to combine the study of Russian and Yiddish materials, reflecting the nature of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee, which, for the first time during the Soviet period, included both Yiddish-language and Russian-language writers. This volume will be of use to scholars, teachers, students, and researchers working in Russian and Jewish history.

Hitler s War Against the Jews

A Young Reader's Version of The War Against the Jews, 1933-1945, by Lucy S. Dawidowicz David A. Altshuler. memorable perhaps not only for us Germans . I have often been a prophet in my life and was generally laughed at .

Hitler s War Against the Jews

Discusses the growth of anti-Semitism in Germany from the sixteenth century until the Holocaust during the twentieth century. Includes topics for discussion.

Jews and the Civil War

Soon after the war, Jews, like many other Americans, either relocated to new regions or returned to communities and families that had been split by the war.104 The sensitivity to social language that Mordecai, Pember, Solomon, Gratz, ...

Jews and the Civil War

At least 8,000 Jewish soldiers fought for the Union and Confederacy during the Civil War. A few served together in Jewish companies while most fought alongside Christian comrades. Yet even as they stood “shoulder-to-shoulder” on the front lines, they encountered unique challenges. In Jews and the Civil War, Jonathan D. Sarna and Adam Mendelsohn assemble for the first time the foremost scholarship on Jews and the Civil War, little known even to specialists in the field. These accessible and far-ranging essays from top scholars are grouped into seven thematic sections—Jews and Slavery, Jews and Abolition, Rabbis and the March to War, Jewish Soldiers during the Civil War, The Home Front, Jews as a Class, and Aftermath—each with an introduction by the editors. Together they reappraise the impact of the war on Jews in the North and the South, offering a rich and fascinating portrait of the experience of Jewish soldiers and civilians from the home front to the battle front.

International Jewish Humanitarianism in the Age of the Great War

The economy of the Yishuv, the Jewish community in Palestine, depended on the receipt of chalukah, or charitable donations ... This entire network fell apart immediately at the war's outbreak.19 A volatile political situation already ...

International Jewish Humanitarianism in the Age of the Great War

The untold story of how American Jews reinvented modern humanitarianism during the Great War and rebuilt Jewish life in Jewish homelands.

War Jews and the New Europe

... Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data War, Jews, and the new Europe : the diplomacy of Lucien Wolf, 1914-19 / Mark Levene. (Littman library of Jewish civilization) Includes bibliographical references and index.

War  Jews  and the New Europe

Relates the struggle conducted by the Conjoint Foreign Committee of British Jews (founded in 1878), headed by Lucien Wolf, for Jewish national rights in the states created or expanded as a result of World War I. British public opinion viewed the Jews as German supporters or Bolsheviks; the newly expanded states regarded them as a threat as well. The reconstitution of the new states was accompanied by savage pogroms.

The Invention of the Jewish People

See also First World War; Second World War; Spanish Civil War; Suez War Wars of the Jews (Josephus), 131, 160 n.67, ... Peasants into Frenchmen, 60 n.56 Weber, Max, 31, 38, 48, 52 Weiler, Gershon, Jewish Theocracy, 284 n.54 Weitzman, ...

The Invention of the Jewish People

"Anyone interested in understanding the contemporary Middle East should read this book." Tony Judt --

Jews Idumaeans and Ancient Arabs

Relations of the Jews in Eretz-Israel with the Nations of the Frontier and the Desert During the Hellenistic and Roman ... “ Varus ' War ” ' ” After Herod's death , when Archelaus left for Rome to obtain the approval of Augustus for his ...

Jews  Idumaeans  and Ancient Arabs


War and Peace in the Jewish Tradition

The love of French Jews for their fatherland is so powerful , they stated , that a French Jew feels himself a foreigner ... French Jews have been seen fighting desperately against other Jews , the subjects of countries then at war with ...

War and Peace in the Jewish Tradition

"With focus centered on the United States' involvement in Iraq and Israel's ongoing war with terrorism, the sixteenth annual meeting of the Orthodox Forum in March 2004 took up the question of War, Peace, and the Jewish Tradition, the papers of which are published here."--BOOK JACKET.

Religious Zionism Jewish Law and the Morality of War

Since the gentile nations permit war, Jews can wage war as well. Yet, in order to justify the killing that takes place in war, R. Yisraeli makes use of a metaphysical argument predicated on the notion that there is a fundamental ...

Religious Zionism  Jewish Law  and the Morality of War

When the state of Israel was established in 1947, it was immediately thrust into war, and rabbis in the religious Zionist community were confronted with the formidable challenge of constructing a body of Jewish law to deal with this turn of events. A body of law had to be "constructed" herebecause Jewish law had developed mostly during prior centuries when Jews had neither a state nor an army, and therefore it did not include much material on war. Leading rabbis in the religious Zionist camp responded to this challenge with remarkable ingenuity and creativity. They used theirinterpretive skills to greatly expand the little material on war in Jewish law that already existed. They also used those skills to draw out insights from other areas of Jewish law that could be applied to war. The result was a substantial corpus of law on war where almost none had existed before.The work of these rabbis represents a fascinating chapter in the history of Jewish law and ethics, but it has attracted relatively little attention from academics. This book is a pioneering attempt to make up for that shortfall. It examines how five leading rabbis in the religious Zionist communityin the twentieth century dealt with key moral issues in war. Chapters are devoted to R. Abraham Isaac Kook, R. Isaac Halevi Herzog, and R. Eliezer Waldenberg, R. Sha'ul Yisraeli, and R. Shlomo Goren. The moral issues examined include the question of who is a legitimate authority for waging war, whyJews in a modern Jewish state can be drafted to fight on its behalf, and under what circumstances the killing of enemy civilians is permitted. This study also examines how the positions of these rabbis on such issues compare to those of international law.

The Civilization of the Holocaust in Italy

This book studies the persecution of Italian Jews during the Fascist period in relation to the Italian cultural tradition.

The Civilization of the Holocaust in Italy

This book studies the persecution of Italian Jews during the Fascist period in relation to the Italian cultural tradition. It shows that Mussolini's anti-Semitic laws and Italian support for Hitler's war on the Jews stem directly from beliefs deeply embedded in Italian culture. After studying anti-Judaic characterizations in the Christian tradition and representations of Jews by Dante and other Medieval and Renaissance authors, the book shows how the anti-Semitic tradition became reinvigorated in the nineteenth century. cultural figures in the period between 1900 and 1940: the writer Giovanni Papini, the Catholic educational leader Agostino Gemelli, and the artist and critic Ardengo Soffici. The book then examines Mussolini's specific anti-Semitic policies and argues that the Italian cultural system contributed to generating the evil that led to the Holocaust. Wiley Feinstein is Associate Professor of Italian at Loyola University Chicago.

A Community Under Siege

This is a study of how the Jewish community of Breslau--the third largest and one of the most affluent in Germany--coped with Nazi persecution.

A Community Under Siege

This is a study of how the Jewish community of Breslau--the third largest and one of the most affluent in Germany--coped with Nazi persecution. Ascher has included the experiences of his immediate family, although the book is based mainly on archival sources, numerous personal reminiscences, as well as publications by the Jewish community in the 1930s. It is the first comprehensive study of a local Jewish community in Germany under Nazi rule. Until the very end, the Breslau Jews maintained a stance of defiance and sought to persevere as a cohesive group with its own institutions. They categorically denied the Nazi claim that they were not genuine Germans, but at the same time they also refused to abandon their Jewish heritage. They created a new school for the children evicted from public schools, established a variety of new cultural institutions, placed new emphasis on religious observance, maintained the Jewish hospital against all odds, and, perhaps most remarkably, increased the range of welfare services, which were desperately needed as more and more of their number lost their livelihood. In short, the Jews of Breslau refused to abandon either their institutions or the values that they had nurtured for decades. In the end, it was of no avail as the Nazis used their overwhelming power to liquidate the community by force.