Across the world, universities are more numerous than they have ever been, yet at the same time there is unprecedented confusion about their purpose and scepticism about their value. What Are Universities For? offers a spirited and compelling argument for completely rethinking the way we see our universities, and why we need them. Stefan Collini challenges the common claim that universities need to show that they help to make money in order to justify getting more money. Instead, he argues that we must reflect on the different types of institution and the distinctive roles they play. In particular we must recognize that attempting to extend human understanding, which is at the heart of disciplined intellectual enquiry, can never be wholly harnessed to immediate social purposes - particularly in the case of the humanities, which both attract and puzzle many people and are therefore the most difficult subjects to justify. At a time when the future of higher education lies in the balance, What Are Universities For? offers all of us a better, deeper and more enlightened understanding of why universities matter, to everyone.
Release on 2018-09-11 | by Sperlinger, Tom,McLellan, Josie
Re-making higher education
Author: Sperlinger, Tom,McLellan, Josie
Pubpsher: Policy Press
The university system is no longer fit for purpose. UK higher education was designed for much smaller numbers of students and a very different labour market. Students display worrying levels of mental health issues, exacerbated by unprecedented levels of debt, and the dubious privilege of competing for poorly-paid graduate internships. Meanwhile who goes to university is still too often determined by place of birth, gender, class or ethnicity. Who are universities for? argues for a large-scale shake up of how we organise higher education, how we combine it with work, and how it fits into our lives. It includes radical proposals for reform of the curriculum and how we admit students to higher education, with part-time study (currently in crisis in England) becoming the norm. A short, polemical but also deeply practical book, Who are universities for? offers concrete solutions to the problems facing UK higher education and a way forward for universities to become more inclusive and more responsive to local and global challenges.
Making a Global Network in International Higher Education, 1913-2013
Author: Deryck M. Schreuder
Pubpsher: SAGE Publications India
Universities for a New World takes the Centenary of the ‘Association of Commonwealth Universities’ (ACU) as its point of departure in exploring what a 2009 ‘United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’ (UNESCO) Report has evocatively termed an ‘academic revolution’ in modern higher education. The book succinctly explores the rise of the ACU as the world’s oldest network of universities, before focussing primarily on that protean ‘revolution’ in higher education provision - with a particular sampling of the diverse Commonwealth experience across the globe. Gains as well as losses are analysed through critical and interrelated essays. Transformation may have been inevitable, but progress towards greater participation rates has not always been manifested through quality provision for students or societies at large. Measuring those changes to universities is inherently challenging as transformations are still proceeding apace. The volume accordingly concludes with informed perspectives on the potential future(s) of universities in the 21st century. Paradoxically, further change is now the only constant for higher education in an era of globalisation.
In recent decades there has been an immense global surge in the numbers both of universities and of students. In the UK alone there are now over 140 institutions teaching more subjects than ever to nearly 2.5 million students. New technology offers new ways of learning and teaching. Globalisation forces institutions to consider a new economic horizon. At the same time governments have systematically imposed new procedures regulating funding, governance, and assessment. Universities are being forced to behave more like business enterprises in a commercial marketplace than centres of learning. In Speaking of Universities, historian and critic Stefan Collini analyses these changes and challenges the assumptions of policy-makers and commentators. Does "marketisation" threaten to destroy what we most value about education; does this new era of "accountability" distort what it purports to measure; and who does the modern university "belong to"' Responding to recent policies and their underlying ideology, the book is a call to "focus on what is actually happening and the cliches behind which it hides; an incitement to think again, think more clearly, and then to press for something better".
Release on 2018-11-15 | by Stephen M. Gavazzi,E. Gordon Gee
Higher Education for the Public Good
Author: Stephen M. Gavazzi,E. Gordon Gee
Pubpsher: JHU Press
Land-grant colleges and universities occupy a special place in the landscape of American higher education. Publicly funded agricultural and technical educational institutions were first founded in the mid-nineteenth century with the Morrill Act, which established land grants to support these schools. They include such prominent names as Cornell, Maryland, Michigan State, MIT, Ohio State, Penn State, Rutgers, Texas A&M, West Virginia University, Wisconsin, and the University of California?in other words, four dozen of the largest and best public universities in America. Add to this a number of historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) and tribal colleges?in all, almost 300 institutions. Their mission is a democratic and pragmatic one: to bring science, technology, agriculture, and the arts to the American people. In this book, Stephen M. Gavazzi and E. Gordon Gee discuss present challenges to and future opportunities for these institutions. Drawing on interviews with 27 college presidents and chancellors, Gavazzi and Gee explore the strengths and weaknesses of land-grant universities while examining the changing threats they face. Arguing that the land-grant university of the twenty-first century is responsible to a wide range of constituencies, the authors also pay specific attention to the ways these universities meet the needs of the communities they serve. Ultimately, the book suggests that leaders and supporters should become more fiercely land-grant in their orientation; that is, they should work to more vigorously uphold their community-focused missions through teaching, research, and service-oriented activities. Combining extensive research with Gee’s own decades of leadership experience, Land-Grant Universities for the Future argues that these schools are the engine of higher education in America?and perhaps democracy’s best hope. This book should be of great interest to faculty members and students, as well as those parents, legislators, policymakers, and other area stakeholders who have a vested interest in the well-being of America’s original public universities.
Release on 2016-11-18 | by Muhammed Sahin,Caroline Fell Kurban
Designing Universities for Today’s Knowledge Economies and Societies
Author: Muhammed Sahin,Caroline Fell Kurban
Pubpsher: Emerald Group Publishing
From the world’s first completely flipped institution, the authors address the socio-economic and socio-technical nature of today's world and how this effects the education sector, outlining how and why they adopted Flipped Learning, and definitively describe the organizational design process needed to establish a Flipped institution.
Release on 2015-04-28 | by Mark Schneider,KC Deane
What Is a Comprehensive University, Who Does it Educate, and Can It Survive?
Author: Mark Schneider,KC Deane
Pubpsher: Teachers College Press
The challenges public comprehensive universities face today are expanding—they have been challenged to enroll and graduate more students, adopt new technologies that lower cost without sacrificing quality, and align program and curricular offerings with the skills that employers require. While these universities have a long history of adapting to change, today’s environment will likely test the capabilities of even the most adaptive institutions. This volume assembles a team of experts from a variety of disciplines to examine both the history of the comprehensive university and what lies ahead. Overall, the book grapples with such questions as: How do these institutions adapt to serve the growing population of non-traditional students? How well do they prepare graduates for the labor market? Can partnerships between community colleges and comprehensive universities bolster student success? The University Next Door draws much-needed attention to a set of institutions that has historically received little notice, yet play an important role in meeting our new attainment goals and helping the American economy grow. Book Features: Examines the role of comprehensive universities from start to finish—their history and future. Uses empirical analysis to explore complex questions about which students choose these universities and why. Explores how these institutions might struggle under a federal ratings system such as the one proposed by President Obama. Discusses how these institutions can better monitor the needs of the economy and better educate students to fill those needs. Provides recommendations to inform future decisions about higher education policy. “In chapter after chapter, the contributors critically assess whether comprehensive universities can respond to the nation's ambitious call to action. This compelling volume is a valuable starting point for anybody concerned about the future of the institutions that help define American higher education as we know it today.” —Richard G. Rhoda, executive director, Tennessee Higher Education Commission “Schneider/Deane provides much-needed illumination on the U.S. higher education sector that will play a critical role in meeting the nation’s educational, workforce, and economic goals. It will serve as a valuable resource for all stakeholders who seek to affect positive change in policy and practice at public comprehensive universities.” —Daniel J. Hurley, associate vice president for government relations and state policy, American Association of State Colleges and Universities
The Politics of Higher Education in England Since 1944
Author: Robert Stevens
Pubpsher: Politico's Publishing
Category: Education, Higher
The case of Laura Spence - turned down for a place at Oxford in 1999 despite stellar qualifications on paper - rocketed higher education to the top of the political agenda, as politicians (notably Gordon Brown) queued up to rail against the elitism that her treatment seemed to represent. But universities have always been a major political issue, with expansion in the 1960s and then the upgrading of the polytechnics in the 1990s posing the big questions: what are universities for, how should they and their students be funded, how should they be controlled, and how should the universities as seats of learning relate to central government? In Uni Robert Stevens - himself a highly distinguished academic at such flagship universities as Oxford and Yale - provides the first history of the politics of higher education in the second half of the twentieth century.