Using Forensics Wildlife Crime Scene

What Laws Are Protecting Wildlife? Animals are protected by international laws and individual country laws. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) set laws to protect international ...

Using Forensics  Wildlife Crime Scene


Combating Wildlife Crime in South Africa

This brief explores wildlife crime and its international and culture-specific combat in South Africa from a green psychology perspective, focusing on a specific method of forensic trace recovery by analysing and evaluating the use of ...

Combating Wildlife Crime in South Africa

This brief explores wildlife crime and its international and culture-specific combat in South Africa from a green psychology perspective, focusing on a specific method of forensic trace recovery by analysing and evaluating the use of gelatine lifters. It provides theoretical and applied insight into visualising and sequential processing of finger-, shoe- and footprints, and environmental traces. It allows the reader in-depth insight into effective methods of international wildlife crime combat, based on the South African perspective. This brief gives theoretical and applied recommendations for international, regional and local actors for successful cooperation on wildlife protection. As global and local programs, actions and law enforcement strategies to combat wildlife crime are gaining strength, forensic trace evidence is a useful method for investigative and preventive success. This brief will be useful for students and researchers in forensic science, wildlife crime, green criminology, as well as for law enforcement and international actors combating wildlife crime practically on both international and local levels.

Wildlife Crime

The scale of wildlife crime and its impacts and how this has changed since the 2004 report There is now wide understanding within the service of what is meant by the term wildlife crime . In 2007 National Standards of Incident Recording ...

Wildlife Crime

Wildlife legislation has become so complex that prosecutions fail and even specialist enforcement professionals struggle to implement it effectively. Hundreds of birds of prey have been deliberately poisoned with substances such as carbofuran that have no legal use and the Government could easily make possession an offence. The lack of sentencing guidelines on wildlife offences means that some offenders are being neither punished nor deterred in the courts. The CPS is also failing to train its prosecutors to handle complex wildlife cases. Furthermore, the inflexible implementation in UK law of international agreements covering the trafficking of endangered species squanders limited resources. The Government has maintained funding for specialist wildlife crime investigation and enforcement, but this is provided on an ad hoc basis, reducing operational effectiveness. Funding provided to monitor wildlife crime on the internet was too short-term to attract a suitably qualified individual to fill the post. In 2004, the Committee called for a new database to record all wildlife crime but this has still not been introduced. Internationally, this report also examines how the rhino, tiger and elephant are being driven to extinction by growing demand for illegal wildlife products in south-east Asia and China. The Government needs to exert robust diplomatic pressure in favour of the development and enforcement of wildlife law at the next CITES meeting in March 2013. In particular, the Government should focus attention on the damaging effect of 'one-off' sales of impounded ivory, which has been found to actually fuel demand for ivory products, and seek an unequivocal international ban on all forms of ivory trade.

World Wildlife Crime Report 2016

While these links exist, this focus fails to capture the bulk of transnational organized wildlife trafficking. The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime defines an “organized criminal group” as: ... a ...

World Wildlife Crime Report 2016

The trafficking of wildlife is increasingly recognized as both a specialized area of organized crime and a significant threat to many plant and animal species. The World Wildlife Crime Report 2016 takes stock of the present wildlife crime situation with a focus on illicit trafficking of specific protected species of wild fauna and flora, and provides a broad assessment of the nature and extent of the problem at the global level. It includes a quantitative market assessment and a series of in-depth illicit trade case studies.

The Geography of Environmental Crime

This book critically examines both theory and practice around conservation crimes.

The Geography of Environmental Crime

This book critically examines both theory and practice around conservation crimes. It engages with the full complexity of environmental crimes and different responses to them, including: poaching, conservation as a response to wildlife crime, forest degradation, environmental activism, and the application of scientific and situational crime prevention techniques as preventative tools to deal with green crime. Through the contributions of experts from both the social and ecological sciences, the book deals with theoretical and practical considerations that impact on the effectiveness of contemporary environmental criminal justice. It discusses the social construction of green crimes and the varied ways in which poaching and other conservation crimes are perceived, operate and are ideologically driven, as well as practical issues in environmental criminal justice. With contributions based in varied ideological perspectives and drawn from a range of academic disciplines, this volume provides a platform for scholars to debate new ideas about environmental law enforcement, policy, and crime prevention, detection and punishment.

Case Building and Presentation of Wildlife Crime Cases in Court Malawi Handbook

CBD Convention on Biological Diversity CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora CMS Convention on Migratory Species CPEC Criminal Procedure and Evidence Code CSI Crime Scene Investigation DNA ...

Case Building and Presentation of Wildlife Crime Cases in Court  Malawi   Handbook

This Handbook provides training content for trainers in delivering the Customs Legal Experts Case Building and Presentation of Wildlife Trafficking Crime Cases in Court Training. Customs officers sometimes come across wildlife crimes during the course of their duties. They arrest offenders and prosecute them. However, in order to strengthen their cases and get convictions, they need to handle wildlife crime cases and evidence resulting from wildlife crimes in a proper manner and in accordance to the law. Mismanaging cases and mishandling evidence can lead to acquittals of offenders which is not ideal as the aim is to deter offenders. This Handbook provides reference materials and information for trainees on training modules and content to assist them to properly manage wildlife crime cases and handle evidence in such a way that it is admissible in court and leads to the desired case outcomes. The Handbook has seven modules that address the basics of wildlife crime and wildlife laws and then delves deeper into more technical subjects of wildlife crime investigations and prosecution. The modules also tackle human rights in law enforcement as this is an emerging issue facing any law enforcer handling persons who come in conflict with the law.

Wildlife Trafficking

This book provides a comprehensive, global exploration of the scale, scope, threats, and drivers of wildlife trafficking from a criminological perspective.

Wildlife Trafficking

This book provides a comprehensive, global exploration of the scale, scope, threats, and drivers of wildlife trafficking from a criminological perspective. Building on the first edition, it takes into account the significant changes in the international context surrounding these issues since 2013. It provides new examples, updated statistics, and discusses the potential changes arising as a result of COVID-19 and the IPBES 2019 report. It also discusses the shift in trafficking ‘hotspots’ and the recent projects that have challenged responses to wildlife trafficking. It undertakes a distinctive exploration of who the victims and offenders of wildlife trafficking are as well as analysing the stakeholders who are involved in collaborative efforts to end this devastating green crime. It unpacks the security implications of wildlife trade and trafficking and possible responses and ways to combat it. It provides useful and timely information for social and environmental/life scientists, law enforcement, NGOs, and policy makers.


Transnational Environmental Crime

Preventing Wildlife Crimes : Solutions That Can Overcome the ' Tragedy of the Commons ' 103 acknowledged . Recent evidence , for example , shows most of the illegal parrot trade is fuelled by internal markets within neo - tropical ...

Transnational Environmental Crime

The essays selected for this volume illustrate the growing interest in and importance of crime that is both environmental and transnational in nature. The topics covered range from pollution and waste to biodiversity and wildlife crimes, and from the violation of human rights associated with the exploitation of natural resources through to the criminogenic implications of climate change. The collection provides insight into the nature and dynamics of this type of crime and examines in detail who is harmed and what can be done about it. Differential victimisation and contemporary developments in environmental law enforcement are also considered. Collectively, these essays lay the foundations for a criminology that is forward looking, global in its purview, and that deals with the key environmental issues of the present age.

Poaching Wildlife Trafficking and Security in Africa

Such measures at the national level mirror increased attention to wildlife trafficking as an issue of organised crime within specialised international organisations and conservation NGOs. Many of these have increasingly (re)focused ...

Poaching  Wildlife Trafficking and Security in Africa

A worldwide surge in poaching and wildlife trafficking is threatening to decimate endangered species. This crisis also threatens the security of human beings in ways ignored until recently by decision-makers slow to begin to treat what is typically viewed as a ‘conservation issue’ as serious crime. Over the past decade, as the scale and profitability of poaching and wildlife trafficking have grown, politicians, journalists and campaigners throughout the world have begun to take notice – they are offering striking appraisals of the threat posed not only to endangered species but also to human populations. Many of these appraisals, however, are made in the absence of a detailed body of empirical research and analysis to underpin them. The result is the growth of a range of myths and misperceptions around the security threats posed, particularly as they relate to Africa. Poaching, Wildlife Trafficking and Security in Africa examines the most common narratives on poaching, wildlife trafficking and security. It critically analyses the dominant discourses on poaching and wildlife trafficking as threats to human security, as drivers of conflict, as funders of terrorism and as a focus for organised crime. In doing so, it seeks to sort myth from reality, to clarify how poaching and wildlife trafficking, as much cited threats to security, can most accurately be conceived. Such a study is crucial to the efforts of stakeholders now rightly looking to respond not just to the threat posed to endangered species, but also to the security and wellbeing of human beings.

Wildlife Trafficking the illicit trade in wildlife animal parts and derivatives

participation in an organised criminal group are pertinent to wildlife trafficking. The offence of participation in an organised criminal group is especially relevant, given that many actors in organised criminal groups may only be ...

Wildlife Trafficking  the illicit trade in wildlife  animal parts  and derivatives

Wildlife trafficking threatens the existence of many plant and animal species and accelerates the destruction of wildlife, forests, and other natural resources. It contributes to environmental degradation, destroys unique natural habitats, and deprives many countries and their populations of scarce renewable resources. Nevertheless, preventing and supressing the illegal trade in wildlife, animal parts, and plants is presently not a priority in many countries and it remains overlooked and poorly researched. The chapters included in this volume address causes, characteristics, and actors of wildlife trafficking, analyse detection methods, and explore different international and national legal frameworks.

Wildlife Forensics

This book will be an invaluable reference and will provide investigators, laboratory technicians and students in forensic Science/conservation biology classes with practical guidance and best methods for criminal investigations applied to ...

Wildlife Forensics

Wildlife Forensics: Methods and Applications provides an accessible and practical approach to the key areas involved in this developing subject. The book contains case studies throughout the text that take the reader from the field, to the lab analysis to the court room, giving a complete insight into the path of forensic evidence and demonstrating how current techniques can be applied to wildlife forensics. The book contains approaches that wildlife forensic investigators and laboratory technicians can employ in investigations and provides the direction and practical advice required by legal and police professionals seeking to gain the evidence needed to prosecute wildlife crimes. The book will bring together in one text various aspects of wildlife forensics, including statistics, toxicology, pathology, entomology, morphological identification, and DNA analysis. This book will be an invaluable reference and will provide investigators, laboratory technicians and students in forensic Science/conservation biology classes with practical guidance and best methods for criminal investigations applied to wildlife crime. Includes practical techniques that wildlife forensic investigators and laboratory technicians can employ in investigations. Includes case studies to illustrate various key methods and applications. Brings together diverse areas of forensic science and demonstrates their application specifically to the field of wildlife crime. Contains methodology boxes to lead readers through the processes of individual techniques. Takes an applied approach to the subject to appeal to both students of the subject and practitioners in the field. Includes a broad introduction to what is meant by 'wildlife crime', how to approach a crime scene and collect evidence and includes chapters dedicated to the key techniques utilized in wildlife investigations. Includes chapters on wildlife forensic pathology; zooanthropological techniques; biological trace evidence analysis; the importance of bitemark evidence; plant and wildlife forensics; best practices and law enforcement.

Environmental Crime in Transnational Context

society« 10 water 14 whaling 43 white-collar crimes 12 white spills 274 wild Beluga caviar 48 wilderness preservation 148 wild flora and fauna 31 Wildlife Conservation Society 69 wildlife law 124 Wildlife Photographer of the Year 69 ...

Environmental Crime in Transnational Context

Environmental crime is one of the most profitable and fastest growing areas of international criminal activity. The increasing cross-border scope of environmental crimes and harms is one of the reasons why governments and the enforcement community have trouble in finding the proper responses. Law enforcement cooperation between western industrialized states is often time consuming and problematic, and the problems increase exponentially when environmental criminals take advantage of situations where government and law enforcement are weak. This book provides an overview of the developments and problems in the field of transnational environmental crimes and harms, addressing these issues from perspectives such as enforcement, deterrence, compliance and emission trading schemes. Divided into four parts, the authors consider global issues in green criminology, responses to transnational environmental crimes and harms, alternative methods to combat environmental crime, and specific types of crimes and criminological research. Discussing these topics from the view of green criminology, sociology and governance, this book will be of great interest to all those concerned about the transnational dimensions of crime and the environment.

The Crimes of Wildlife Trafficking

The use and abuse of animals in wildlife trafficking in Colombia: Practices, and injustice. In D. R. Goyes, H. Mol, A. Brisman, & N. South (Eds.), Environmental crime in Latin America: The theft of nature and the poisoning of the land ...

The Crimes of Wildlife Trafficking

This book examines trade and trafficking in endangered animal species and how the trade increasingly puts large numbers of nonhuman species at risk. Focusing on illegal trafficking, the book also discusses the harmful aspects of the trade and trafficking which is taking place in concordance with laws and regulations. Drawing on the findings of empirical research from Norway and Colombia, the study discusses how this global, transnational trend is addressed, and features of the trade and the ways in which it is controlled in the two case study locations. It also explores the motives driving the trade, and the consequences in terms of animal abuse and environmental harm. The book discusses whether internationally agreed measures, such as international conventions, actually help prevent the trade. Possible ways to address the harms of wildlife trade are considered, including a total ban. The work draws on a green criminology and eco feminist theoretical framework to provide a broad perspective on concepts such as harm, animal rights, species justice and speciesism.

Wildlife Crime

This study on wildlife crime was commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.

Wildlife Crime

This study on wildlife crime was commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. It gives an overview of the state of wildlife crime in Europe based on available documents, EU-TWIX data and empirical research including interviews. The study identifies main routes and species linked to illegal wildlife trade, as well as enforcement deficits. It also develops policy recommendations in view of the upcoming EU Action Plan.

Wildlife Trafficking

This book provides a unique, comprehensive exploration of the scale, scope, threats and drivers of wildlife trafficking.

Wildlife Trafficking

This book provides a unique, comprehensive exploration of the scale, scope, threats and drivers of wildlife trafficking. It also undertakes a distinctive exploration of who the victims and offenders of wildlife trafficking are as well as analysing the stakeholders who are involved in collaborative efforts to end this devastating green crime.

Best Practice for Prosecution of Wildlife Crimes in Southern Africa

The region has varied ecosystems and climate that support many wildlife species. ... Countries in the region are currently faced with a sharp increase in wildlife crime levels perpetuated by organized criminal syndicates, ...

Best Practice for Prosecution of Wildlife Crimes in Southern Africa

Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, comprising about 10 countries. These include Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The region has varied ecosystems and climate that support many wildlife species. The primary ecosystems in the region include desert, savanna, montane and forest ecosystems. The region also has some of the world’s most spectacular flora and fauna. The wildlife includes large mammals such as white rhinos, elephants and lions. Wildlife is a key revenue generator for the economies of many southern African Countries. It supports local communities for traditional uses such as food, medicine, fuel and clothing. Wildlife tourism is an important industry that brings benefits to private sector tourism businesses and local people alike. Unfortunately, wildlife in southern Africa is under increasing threat from illegal activities such as poaching and illegal wildlife trade. Countries in the region are currently faced with a sharp increase in wildlife crime levels perpetuated by organized criminal syndicates, mainly from south-east Asia. These syndicates work together with local counterparts and have established highly organised ways to evade law enforcement and traffic wildlife products to south-east Asia. Cultural beliefs and practices in south- east Asia drive the demand for wildlife products from Africa. Besides poaching and illegal wildlife trade, other threats to wildlife in Southern Africa include human wildlife conflict and shrinking habitats. Human wildlife conflict is exacerbated by water insecurity and increasing human populations which encroach into wildlife areas. Poverty is also a problem in the region and this leads to communities depending directly on wildlife resources for their livelihoods. This dependence on wildlife resources is now becoming unsustainable. Increase in human population coupled with infrastructure development is also negatively impacting wildlife habitats in the region. Because of this, conservation and enforcement of protection are critical to ensure that wildlife species endure. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) adopted the Protocol on Wildlife Conservation and Law Enforcement (PWCLE) in 1999 to establish a common framework for the conservation and sustainable use of wildlife resources in the region and to assist with the effective enforcement of the laws governing those resources. Effective law enforcement is important in stopping loss of wildlife through illegal activity. Prosecution is an important component of law enforcement as it ensures application of the law, especially where there is a breach.

Detecting and Investigating Environmental Crime

interesting to study, which cause some of the harms from environmental wrongdoing to be legal while others are ... An example is the study of green cultural criminology by Redmon (2018), which explores how environmental crime is ...

Detecting and Investigating Environmental Crime

This book discusses environmental crime and individual wrongdoing. It uses the theory of convenience throughout to examine financial motives, attractive opportunities, and personal willingness to explain deviant behavior. This book focusses primarily on the case study of the Island of Tjøme in Norway, an attractive resort where building permits were repeatedly granted to rich people in a protected zone along the shoreline. This book investigates how these crimes were detected and investigated by police over a few years with the help of whistleblowers. It discusses the interplay between the potentially corrupt public officials, professionals like architects and attorneys, and rich individuals, as an interesting and challenging arena for law enforcement. It covers attorneys’ defense strategies, evaluates private internal policing, and provides insights for those investigating individuals involved in environmental crime. It also examines the Vest Tank toxic waste dumping case and the resulting explosion where unusually both the chairperson and the chief executive were successfully sentenced to prison because of environmental crime, unlike many other environmental crime cases where individuals avoid prison. The case studies are drawn from Norway to supplement more well-known case studies from the USA.

Wildlife Crime

This book helps enforcement personnel who are concerned with controlling poaching and trade in wildlife. The book contains introductory material that gives an overview of wildlife trade.

Wildlife Crime

This book helps enforcement personnel who are concerned with controlling poaching and trade in wildlife. The book contains introductory material that gives an overview of wildlife trade. It contains sections on law enforcement as well as a list of useful addresses. It is useful for people concerned with the protection of wild flora and fauna.

The Escalating International Wildlife Trafficking Crisis

The Division has a separate section devoted to the prosecution of environmental crimes , including wildlife crime . The Environmental Crimes Section has 35 dedicated criminal prosecutors who often work together with U.S. Attorneys ...

The Escalating International Wildlife Trafficking Crisis