Wine and Conversation

Although the taxonomies provide various classifications, it is a mistake to think that any utterance or any conversation serves only one purpose. Much language use is multilayered (like wine) and serves many purposes simultaneously.

Wine and Conversation

The world of wine vocabulary is growing alongside the current popularity of wine itself. The question is, what do these words mean? Can they actually reflect the objective characteristics of wine, and can two drinkers really use and understand these words in the same way?

Wine and Conversation

In this second edition of Wine and Conversation, linguist Adrienne Lehrer explores whether or not wine drinkers (both novices and experts) can in fact understand wine words in the same way.

Wine and Conversation

The vocabulary of wine is large and exceptionally vibrant -- from straight-forward descriptive words like "sweet" and "fragrant", colorful metaphors like "ostentatious" and "brash", to the more technical lexicon of biochemistry. The world of wine vocabulary is growing alongside the current popularity of wine itself, particularly as new words are employed by professional wine writers, who not only want to write interesting prose, but avoid repetition and cliché. The question is, what do these words mean? Can they actually reflect the objective characteristics of wine, and can two drinkers really use and understand these words in the same way? In this second edition of Wine and Conversation, linguist Adrienne Lehrer explores whether or not wine drinkers (both novices and experts) can in fact understand wine words in the same way. Her conclusion, based on experimental results, is no. Even though experts do somewhat better than novices in some experiments, they tend to do well only on wines on which they are carefully trained and/or with which they are very familiar. Does this mean that the elaborate language we use to describe wine is essentially a charade? Lehrer shows that although scientific wine writing requires a precise and shared use of language, drinking wine and talking about it in casual, informal setting with friends is different, and the conversational goals include social bonding as well as communicating information about the wine. Lehrer also shows how language innovation and language play, clearly seen in the names of new wines and wineries, as well as wine descriptors, is yet another influence on the burgeoning and sometimes whimsical world of wine vocabulary.

Musical Creativity

10 Readers wishing to pursue the argument of this paragraph may refer to Adrienne Lehrer's book Wine and Conversation (1983), a linguistic study of the discourses surrounding wine which presents and analyses a wide sample of ...

Musical Creativity

This collection initiates a resolutely interdisciplinary research dynamic specifically concerning musical creativity. Creativity is one of the most challenging issues currently facing scientific psychology and its study has been relatively rare in the cognitive sciences, especially in artificial intelligence. This book will address the need for a coherent and thorough exploration. Musical Creativity: Multidisciplinary Research in Theory and Practice comprises seven sections, each viewing musical creativity from a different scientific vantage point, from the philosophy of computer modelling, through music education, interpretation, neuroscience, and music therapy, to experimental psychology. Each section contains discussions by eminent international specialists of the issues raised, and the book concludes with a postlude discussing how we can understand creativity in the work of eminent composer, Jonathan Harvey. This unique volume presents an up-to-date snapshot of the scientific study of musical creativity, in conjunction with ESCOM (the European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music). Describing many of the different aspects of musical creativity and their study, it will form a useful springboard for further such study in future years, and will be of interest to academics and practitioners in music, psychology, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, neuroscience and other fields concerning the study of human cognition in this most human of behaviours.

The Life Exile and Conversations of the Emperor Napoleon

In course of a conversation which took place respecting the wine , the Emperor stated that he had received a great number of instructions and directions from chemists and physicians , all of whom had concurred in declaring that wine and ...

The Life  Exile  and Conversations of the Emperor Napoleon


Memoirs of the Life Exile and Conversations of the Emperor Napoleon

In the course of a conversation which took place respecting the wine , the Emperor stated that he had received a great number of instructions and directions from chemists and physicians , all of whom had concurred in declaring that wine ...

Memoirs of the Life  Exile  and Conversations of the Emperor Napoleon


Memoirs of the Life Exile and Conversations of the Emperor Napoleon

In the course of a conversation which took place respecting the wine , the Emperor stated that he had received a great number of instructions and directions from chemists and physicians , all of whom had concurred in declaring that wine ...

Memoirs of the Life  Exile and Conversations of the Emperor Napoleon


Journal of the Private Life and Conversations of the Emperor Napoleon at Saint Helena

In course of a conversation which took place respecting the wine , the Emperor stated that he had received a great number of instructions and directions from chemists and physicians , all of whom had concurred in declaring that wine and ...

Journal of the Private Life and Conversations of the Emperor Napoleon at Saint Helena


The Modern Linguist Or Conversations in English and German

... -Efsta ; some salt , -some pep- Salz , Pfeffer , -Senf ; per , -some mustard ; some wine , -some beer , Wein , -Bier , -- Wasser ; -some water ; white wine , -red wine ; Weißwein , -Rothwein ; Claret , -Rhenish wine ; Bordeaurwein ...

The Modern Linguist  Or Conversations in English and German


Conversations with M F K Fisher

Eventually one of these white - wine trips turned into a reality . “ We kidnapped Rex once , ” she chuckled , her not - so - latent outlaw instincts surfacing once again . The whole family was in on it , plus a friend who was the ...

Conversations with M F K  Fisher

This collection of interviews captures the conversations of a writer about whom the Chicago Sun-Times says, "She is to literary prose what Sir Laurence Olivier is to acting or Willie Mays is to baseball." These interviews reveal M.F.K. Fisher's fierce wit and her uncompromising and frequently contradictory attitudes toward the luxuries and necessities of gastronomy - the idea that sensual appreciation, in all aspects of life, is or should be necessary.

Conversations with Scripture The Gospel of John

iL ., , , .. ,, ,. . of water to wine; for the what the guests said, or Jesus mother, or the disci- steward the miracle is in pies. The acclamation is given in the form of a the timing of the provision proverb, and what he says is very ...

Conversations with Scripture  The Gospel of John

For contemporary Christians, John’s gospel is a paradox. On the one hand, it stresses boundaries: “No one comes to the Father except through me,” while on the other it stresses community: “I have no longer called you servants, but friends.” This book encourages readers to draw out the tensions between these two perspectives to make the gospel more meaningful to their lives.

Conversations with Cezanne

Cézanne poured himself and me some wine. Conversation turned to drink. “You know, wine has greatly harmed many of us. My colleague Daumier drank a lot. What a great master he would have been if he could have done without it!

Conversations with Cezanne

In addition to the material included in the original French edition of this book, which has also been published in German, Italian, Spanish, and Japanese, this edition opens with an introduction written especially for it by Richard Shiff, and closes with Lawrence Gowing's magisterial essay, "Cezanne: The Logic of Organized Sensations," first published in 1977 and long out of print in English."

Conversations with Ernest Hemingway

They also discovered such delicacies as snake wine and bird wine . Hemingway described snake wine as " a special rice wine with a number of small snakes coiled up at the bottom of the bottle . The snakes are dead , " he said .

Conversations with Ernest Hemingway

These firsthand interviews and newspaper accounts constitute a valuable edition to the sizable and ever-growing Hemingway shelf. They let Papa speak his mind, and the inimitable Hemingway voice comes through clearly: the boastfulness, the fierce ambition, the love of prizefighting and the bullring, the snappish impatience with questions (and questioners) he didn't like, and the high seriousness and dedication to his craft. The pieces from the early days are largely short snippets from newspapers; it is only later - from the 1940s on - that Hemingway begins to get the star treatment from publications such as the New Yorker or George Plimpton's Paris Review. Consequently the best comes last. A splendid, delicious book - for Hemingway fans, one well worth savoring.

Conversations on Art and Aesthetics

Rather than attempt to describe what a wine tastes like, therefore, we should do far better to describe its social, geographical, and cultural context. That is why I emphasize the terroir experience. The heightened consciousness that ...

Conversations on Art and Aesthetics

What is art? What counts as an aesthetic experience? Does art have to beautiful? Can one reasonably dispute about taste? What is the relation between aesthetic and moral evaluations? How to interpret a work of art? Can we learn anything from literature, film or opera? What is sentimentality? What is irony? How to think philosophically about architecture, dance, or sculpture? What makes something a great portrait? Is music representational or abstract? Why do we feel terrified when we watch a horror movie even though we know it to be fictional? In Conversations on Art and Aesthetics, Hans Maes discusses these and other key questions in aesthetics with ten world-leading philosophers of art: Noël Carroll, Gregory Currie, Arthur Danto, Cynthia Freeland, Paul Guyer, Carolyn Korsmeyer, Jerrold Levinson, Jenefer Robinson, Roger Scruton, and Kendall Walton. The exchanges are direct, open, and sharp, and give a clear account of these thinkers' core ideas and intellectual development. They also offer new insights into, and a deeper understanding of, contemporary issues in the philosophy of art.

The Last Man

... despite engaging in conversation with Don Link. The dinner started with aperitifs and a few well-chosen appetizers. Jayson was hardly a connoisseur, and preferred simple, good food that he could pronounce. The wine steward brought ...

The Last Man


Conversations on Chemistry

But if the product of the vinous fermentation is always wine , beer cannot have undergone that process , for beer is certainly not wine . Mrs. B. Chemically speaking , beer may be considered as the wine of grain .

Conversations on Chemistry


Philosophical Conversations

24. a fmall Glafs - Tube , [ Paffe - vin ] which fuftains a fort of Cup , and whose Base is à fort of Phial of the fame Matter ; I fill the Phial with red Wine . Then I fill the Cup and Tube with Water . You fee a Stream , a Column of ...

Philosophical Conversations


The Perfect Glass of Wine

Wine is yet to be added to the more fundamental and universal human checklist: food, shelter and safety. ... (Let's not quibble over this sort ofdetail, however; that's to turn this into a wine conversation, and heaven forbid .

The Perfect Glass of Wine

"I've never heard anyone say- "This wine is perfect." Admittedly I once gave a wine 20 out of 20 at a wine show, but it was the very first wine of the very first day of the show, and I only did it to signal to the other judges that I'm essentially a pretty facetious person. Every other judge had given it a 14.' As wine writer Ben Canaider admits, wine is an inexact science. But that doesn't stop him carrying out his own search to find his, and THE perfect glass of wine. This book is the result- a rollicking account of Canaider's sober trials and drunken tribulations as he attempts to find perfection in wine. From drinking his first bottle of Grange aged 21 to a mixed case of the world's greatest champagnes in 33 hours; from romantic wine nirvanas like Chianti and Chablis to the new world order represented by California, New Zealand and Australia's industrial wine heartland, Ben experiences moments of vinous bliss, but also sees icons fall and legends disappoint. This is a book about how the world of wine really works, and why wine is an obsession for many people. As Ben says, in every glass of wine there is promise and hope and inexplicable happiness. All this and it contains alcoh

How to Have Difficult Conversations About Race

In one study, researchers performed an experiment where they had participants taste wine while in an MRI scanner in order to record their brain activity. The researchers showed participants the price of a wine, allowed them to sample ...

How to Have Difficult Conversations About Race

Gain the confidence to not only talk about race, but actually make a difference when you do. Negotiation expert Kwame Christian’s motto is: “The best things in life are on the other side of difficult conversations.” If we want a more equitable workplace, and a more equitable world, we have to talk to each other about race. But, for so many of us, that’s easier said than done. Many people avoid conversations about race because of fear: fear of discomfort, damaging important relationships, being misunderstood, “cancelled,” ostracized. How to Have Difficult Conversations About Race equips you with the skills you need to make these crucial conversations easier and more productive. Whether you’re looking to create change for yourself and other BIPOC, or a white ally seeking to support your coworkers or clients, you’ll learn how to: Overcome your internal barriers to talking about diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI). Work around others’ barriers to productive discussion. Be strategic about the outcome you want, and guide the conversation accordingly. Use “Compassionate Curiosity” to connect and persuade. Avoid common mistakes. Communicate more effectively over email, when you can’t talk face to face. If you’ve ever struggled to turn that passion into persuasion, or been too afraid to speak up at work (or outside of it), this book is for you. The first step toward lasting social change is productive discussion. With this book, you’ll never shy away from those important conversations again—instead approaching them with courage and conviction.

Nature Delineated Being Philosophical Conversations Wherein the Wonderful Works of Providence in the Animal Vegetable and Mineral Creation are Laid Open

TCC Ti Sv : du MIR lour , which is fo much admired in Burgundy wines , is a diftinguishing mark of their falubrity , for the groffeft and most acid wines can boat of the same fanguine com : plexion ; and that particular tincture is ...

Nature Delineated  Being Philosophical Conversations  Wherein the Wonderful Works of Providence  in the Animal  Vegetable and Mineral Creation are Laid Open