Withdrawing Under Fire

Because this type of warfare is dynamic and ever-changing, this book is not meant to suggest a set of cookie-cutter solutions for how to withdraw from insurgencies.

Withdrawing Under Fire

The post-9/11 world has witnessed a rebirth of irregular and asymmetrical warfare, which, in turn, has led to an increase in conflicts between conventional armies and non-state armed groups. In their haste to respond to the threat from insurgencies, nations often fail to plan effectively not only for combat operations but also for withdrawal, which is inevitable, win or lose. In order to answer the question of how to withdraw from engagement with an insurgency, Gleis examines how insurgencies are conducted and what, if anything, is unique about an Islamist insurgency. He then proposes ways to combat these groups successfully and to disentangle one’s military forces from the war once strategic objectives have been met--or once it is clear that they cannot be. Because this type of warfare is dynamic and ever-changing, this book is not meant to suggest a set of cookie-cutter solutions for how to withdraw from insurgencies. Rather, the author analyzes six counterinsurgency operations that have taken place in the past, with the intention of gleaning from them as many lessons as possible to better prepare for future withdrawals.The literature on how wars end has failed to explore irregular warfare.This much needed reexamination serves as an indispensable starting point.

Adaptation under Fire

71 He therefore continued to pursue his strategy of transition and withdrawal ,
firm in his belief that withdrawing US military forces would promote political
reconciliation . After almost two years in command , Casey still had the causality ...

Adaptation under Fire

Every military must prepare for future wars despite not really knowing the shape such wars will ultimately take. As former U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates once noted: "We have a perfect record in predicting the next war. We have never once gotten it right." In the face of such great uncertainty, militaries must be able to adapt rapidly in order to win. Adaptation under Fire identifies the characteristics that make militaries more adaptable, illustrated through historical examples and the recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Authors David Barno and Nora Bensahel argue that militaries facing unknown future conflicts must nevertheless make choices about the type of doctrine that their units will use, the weapons and equipment they will purchase, and the kind of leaders they will select and develop to guide the force to victory. Yet after a war begins, many of these choices will prove flawed in the unpredictable crucible of the battlefield. For a U.S. military facing diverse global threats, its ability to adapt quickly and effectively to those unforeseen circumstances may spell the difference between victory and defeat. Barno and Bensahel start by providing a framework for understanding adaptation and include historical cases of success and failure. Next, they examine U.S. military adaptation during the nation's recent wars, and explain why certain forms of adaptation have proven problematic. In the final section, Barno and Bensahel conclude that the U.S. military must become much more adaptable in order to address the fast-changing security challenges of the future, and they offer recommendations on how to do so before it is too late.

Tactical Principles and Decisions The defensive delaying actions withdrawals raids convoys positions in readiness river crossings retreats and pursuits oversea movements and the cavalry division

... force on the west flank. The disadvantages of the position northeast of Harney
relates to the eventual withdrawal of the Blue covering force. ... Deployed troops
withdrawing under fire cannot escape all losses by running. Aside from the main
 ...

Tactical Principles and Decisions  The defensive  delaying actions  withdrawals  raids  convoys  positions in readiness  river crossings  retreats and pursuits  oversea movements  and the cavalry division


Vietnam from Cease Fire to Capitulation Illustrated Edition

In the firefights during the withdrawal four more Rangers were killed, but even
these bodies were carried on to An Loc. ... observers, Vietnamese and Americans
alike, to suspect that the enemy had somehow collaborated in the withdrawal.

Vietnam from Cease Fire to Capitulation  Illustrated Edition

Col. William E. Le Gro was a staff member of the MACV (U.S. Military Assistance Command Vietnam) from 1972-1975 and served in Saigon during its last days. Armed with first-hand knowledge, including the GVN forces and their limits, this book will provide the reader with an accurate and detailed account of events following the U.S. withdrawal in 1973. Illustrated with 22 maps.

Yukon Training Area and Fort Greely Alaska Army Lands Withdrawal Renewal

Of the seven known causes of fire on Fort Wainwright Yukon Training Area and
Fort Greely , incendiary devices are the ... Preferred Alternative Fire incidents
have not resulted in the withdrawal area being designated as nonattainment for
air ...

Yukon Training Area and Fort Greely  Alaska Army Lands Withdrawal Renewal


Peter Singer Under Fire

The letter withdrawing the invitation drew a distinction between my discussing
these views “behind closed doors with critical scientists who want to convince
you that your attitude infringes human rights” and my promoting my position “in
public.

Peter Singer Under Fire

One of the leading ethical thinkers of the modern age, Peter Singer has repeatedly been embroiled in controversy. Protesters in Germany closed down his lectures, mistakenly thinking he was advocating Nazi views on eugenics. Conservative publisher Steve Forbes withdrew generous donations to Princeton after Singer was appointed professor of bioethics. His belief that infanticide is sometimes morally justified has appalled people from all walks of life. Peter Singer Under Fire gives a platform to his critics on many contentious issues. Leaders of the disability rights group Not Dead Yet attack Singer’s views on disability and euthanasia. Economists criticize the effectiveness of his ideas for solving global poverty. Philosophers expose problems in Singer’s theory of utilitarianism and ethicists refute his position on abortion. Singer’s engaging “Intellectual Autobiography” explains how he came by his controversial views, while detailed replies to each critic reveal further surprising aspects of his unique outlook.

Dunkirk

Lieutenant Lindsay got close enough to B Company headquarters to shout the
message about withdrawal to the ... Thus the battalion, withdrawing under fire,
succeeded in breaking off the engagement and, marching through the night,
crossed ...

Dunkirk

A masterly work of military history, Dunkirk: Retreat to Victory is also a tribute to the soldiers whose courage and self belief sustained them through their darkest hours. The evacuation of British forces from Dunkirk is one of the pivotal moments in the Second World War – an astonishing endeavour that snatched victory from the jaws of defeat. Sent to help the Belgians and French hold back the German army, the small British Expeditionary Force was ill-equipped and under-trained. When Hitler attacked on 10 May 1940 and the French and Belgian armies collapsed in the face of Germany's swift and brutal advance, the British soldiers found themselves in mortal danger. In Dunkirk: Retreat to Victory, Major General Julian Thompson recreates the action as the British fought hard for three desperate weeks, conducting a successful fighting withdrawal in the face of a formidable foe. He describes the individual acts of bravery and sacrifice and analyses the decisions of the commanders who made the choice to evacuate. He also takes us to Dunkirk harbour and onto the beaches, where the British army was trapped and under attack, while the Royal Navy and the 'little ships' raced against time to rescue them.

The Gulf War 1990 91 in International and English Law

These claims were not primarily derived from the authority of the Council, but
were also based on general international ... a cease-fire and a withdrawal, the
Council was unwilling to give up its authority to enforce these claims at a later
stage.

The Gulf War 1990 91 in International and English Law

There is no doubt that international law was of major importance during the Gulf conflict of 1990-91. Military and other actions were repeatedly justified through reference to international law, and disputes about interpretation were frequent. This book provides a definitive legal analysis of the conflict, with reference both to international and to English law. Some have been tempted to argue that international law is an ineffective means of controlling the activities of a state and its armed forces from the fact that there were no war crimes trials of the leaders of Iraq, or of any other state. International law does, however, provide a set of norms either (a) agreed to by individual states through the ratification of, or accession to, a treaty, or (b) which apply to all states by the operation of customary international law and other secondary sources. This book determines these norms in order to judge the manner in which individual states recognized the binding nature of them in the conduct of their operations. The contributors include lawyers from each of the three British armed services.

Under Fire

McCoy said. “At about this time,” the colonel went on, “Item Company learned for
the first time that Love Company had bugged out, and that the enemy was astride
its road to the rear. The company commander asked for permission to withdraw, ...

Under Fire

After the epic struggle of World War II, W.E.B. Griffin’s bestselling chronicle of the Marine Corps enters a new stage of modern warfare—with new weapons, new strategies, and a new breed of warrior—on the battlefields of Korea... In 1950, Captain Ken McCoy’s report on North Korean hostilities meets with so much bureaucratic displeasure that he is promptly booted out of the Corps—and just as promptly picked up by the fledgling CIA. Soon, his predictions come true: on June 25th the North Koreans invade across the 38th parallel. Immediately veterans scattered throughout military and civilian life are called up, many with only seventy-two hours notice. For these men and their families, names such as Inchon and Pusan will acquire a new, bloody reality—and become their greatest challenge of all...

The Apology of an Officer for Withdrawing from the Profession of Arms

Kings , who perhaps might otherwise have kept quiet , are set on fire by those
very men , who ought , if they acted in character , to cool the ardour of warring
potentates by their official and sacred authority . ” , “ A very few years ago , when
the ...

The Apology of an Officer  for Withdrawing from the Profession of Arms


The apology of an officer T Thrush for withdrawing from the profession of arms contained in a series of letters

Kings , who perhaps might otherwise have kept quiet , are set on fire by those
very men , who ought , if they acted in character , to cool the ardour of warring
potentates by their official and sacred authority . ” , “ A very few years ago , when
the ...

The apology of an officer  T  Thrush  for withdrawing from the profession of arms  contained in a series of letters


Tactics

In any case the troops opposing the principal attack of the enemy are last to
withdraw , except when possible to withdraw ... The withdrawal of the firing line ,
while in close contact with enemy and under his fire , is , of course , the most
difficult ...

Tactics


MACV The Joint Command in the Years of Withdrawal 1968 1973 Paperbound

General Abrams, who already had the right to fire artillery into the area, promptly
requested authority to conduct ground ... half of the Demilitarized Zone and to use
platoon-size forces, if necessary, to extract them if they came under attack.

MACV  The Joint Command in the Years of Withdrawal  1968 1973  Paperbound

CMH 91-7-1. United States Army in Vietnam. 2nd of two volumes that examine the Vietnam conflict from the perspective of the theater commander and his headquarters. Traces the story of the Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV), from the Communist Tet offensive of early 1968 through the disestablishment of MACV in March 1973. Deals with theater-level command relationships, strategy, and operations.

Saber Scapegoat

Stuart, desiring to join his divided wings there, had ordered Jones and Chambliss
to withdraw in that direction.18 Meantime, on ... In his report, Stuart wrote that as
he continued to withdraw under fire, “Nothing could exceed the coolness and ...

Saber   Scapegoat

The major facts of the Gettysburg campaign and battle are well known, but controversies about its outcome abound even today. No issue is more contested than that of the whereabouts of the dashing cavalryman, Maj. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart.

Forty Miles a Day on Beans and Hay

Actually more of a withdrawal to better positions, the move could have been
disastrous had not discipline been maintained ... and necessity for maintaining
order, when carrying out a withdrawal under enemy fire, was understood by most
of the ...

Forty Miles a Day on Beans and Hay

The enlisted men in the United States Army during the Indian Wars (1866-91) need no longer be mere shadows behind their historically well-documented commanding officers. As member of the regular army, these men formed an important segment of our usually slighted national military continuum and, through their labors, combats, and endurance, created the framework of law and order within which settlement and development become possible. We should know more about the common soldier in our military past, and here he is. The rank and file regular, then as now, was psychologically as well as physically isolated from most of his fellow Americans. The people were tired of the military and its connotations after four years of civil war. They arrayed their army between themselves and the Indians, paid its soldiers their pittance, and went about the business of mushrooming the nation’s economy. Because few enlisted men were literarily inclined, many barely able to scribble their names, most previous writings about them have been what officers and others had to say. To find out what the average soldier of the post-Civil War frontier thought, Don Rickey, Jr., asked over three hundred living veterans to supply information about their army experiences by answering questionnaires and writing personal accounts. Many of them who had survived to the mid-1950’s contributed much more through additional correspondence and personal interviews. Whether the soldier is speaking for himself or through the author in his role as commentator-historian, this is the first documented account of the mass personality of the rank and file during the Indian Wars, and is only incidentally a history of those campaigns.

Among Friends

There was then an extensive fire-fight during which Lieutenant Nurton managed
to withdraw his forward group while ... For Major Turner, himself under fire from
what he correctly assumed to be an enemy mortar, out of radio contact with his ...

Among Friends

This book provides a complete insight into the history of the Scots guards from 1956-1993.

88 Days to Kandahar

Soon they were in a general firefight, with the ODA calling in airstrikes on Taliban
positions. Just before midnight, they decided to break contact, withdrawing under
fire after inflicting heavy losses in men and equipment, and having taken some ...

88 Days to Kandahar

The “first” Afghan War, a CIA war in response to 9/11, was directed by the CIA Station Chief in Islamabad. It put Hamid Karzai in power in 88 days. “If you want an insider’s account of the first American-Afghan War, you can’t do better than this…Important reading to understand where we are today” (Library Journal). From his preparation of the original, post-9/11 war plan, approved by President Bush, through to “final” fleeting victory, Robert Grenier relates the tale of the “southern campaign,” which drove al-Qa’ida and the Taliban from Kandahar, its capital, in an astonishing eighty-eight days. “With his ringside seat as the senior agency official stationed closest to Afghanistan, Grenier is able to describe meeting by meeting, sometimes phone call after phone call, how events unfolded” (The New York Times). In his gripping account, we meet: General Tommy Franks, who bridles at CIA control of “his” war; General “Jafar Amin,” a gruff Pakistani intelligence officer who saves Grenier from committing career suicide; Maleeha Lodhi, Pakistan’s brilliant ambassador to the US, who tries to warn her government of the al-Qa’ida threat; and Hamid Karzai, the puzzling anti-Taliban insurgent, a man with elements of greatness, petulance, and moods. With suspense and insight, Grenier details his very personal struggles and triumphs. 88 Days to Kandahar is “an action-packed tale, rich in implication, of the post-9/11 race to unseat the Taliban and rout al-Qaida in Afghanistan” (Kirkus Reviews).

Byng of Vimy

Dundonald asked to wait until sundown, but Buller was adamant.6 The South
African Light Horse were in a precarious position. ... In their first action, they had
carried out one of the most hazardous of operations – withdrawal under fire.

Byng of Vimy

Field Marshal the Viscount Byng of Vimy did not fit into the conventional mould in the Army, as Governor-General of Canada or as Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police. Few officers commanded more widespread affection from their troops, or knew them and treated them with such respect as he did. Beginning with dramatic reforms in dress and living conditions in his own regiment, the 10th Royal Hussars, Byng consistently watched over the welfare of his men. Following the desperate Ypres battles of 1914-15, he was sent to Gallipoli to revive a failing enterprise, but instead, in the face of Kitchener's and Churchill's opposition, he called for it to be abandoned. He then planned one of the most successful withdrawals in the history of war. Ever seeking ways to win, Byng led the Canadian Corps to the capture of Vimy Ridge, and the Third Army in the first major tank battle at Cambrai, and in 1918 he commanded the largest of Britain's field armies in the final victory campaign. As Governor-General of Canada, he became almost a Canadian nationalist and worked for the unity of the widespread provinces. He advocated the adoption of a Canadian flag and abandonment of the word "Empire". His conception of the role of the Crown in the constitutional crisis of 1926 has led to its position in the Commonwealth today. Finally, at the age of 66 and fighting a wasting illness, he was summoned to reform the Metropolitan Police, which in a remarkably short time he brought into the 20th century. This reissued biography won the Governor-General's Prize in Canada when it was first published.

Negotiating Under Fire

Preserving Peace Talks in the Face of Terror Attacks Matthew Levitt ... pattern of
attacks and reprisals. Israeli withdrawal proposals so angered Palestinian
negotiators that they suspended talks for six days in early No vember. In late
November ...

Negotiating Under Fire

The impact of severe security crises on peace negotiations represents one of the most significant facets of modern conflict resolution theory to remain under-researched. It also stands out as the factor most likely to derail inherently sensitive negotiations. Negotiating Under Fire explores how such crises between two nations impact diplomatic initiatives between those countries. How do the negotiators' willingness and ability to continue influence the outcome? Do the levels of legitimacy, trust, and confidence within and between the parties change in such strained negotiations? Through a detailed analysis of three critical moments in the Oslo peace process—the Baruch Goldstein Hebron massacre of 1994, the Nachshon Wachsman kidnapping and execution of 1994, and the nine-day string of suicide bus bombings carried out in Israel in March of 1996—the author concludes that insurgents or those hostile to peace talks can and do undermine negotiations.

Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy For Dummies

Familiar. with. Withdrawing. In times of relationship distress, partners who
withdraw look for ways to exit the distress. These self-protective coping
responses ... She prides herself on remaining cool under fire. “I'm able to think
things through ...

Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy For Dummies

A practical, down-to-earth guide to using the world's most successful approach to couple therapy One of the most successful therapeutic approaches to healing dysfunctional relationships, emotionally focused couple therapy provides clients with powerful insights into how and why they may be suppressing their emotions and teaches them practical ways to deal with those feelings more constructively for improved relationships. Unlike cognitive-behavioural therapy, which provides effective short-term coping skills, emotionally focused therapy often is prescribed as a second-stage treatment for couples with lingering emotional difficulties. Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy For Dummies introduces readers to this ground-breaking therapy, offering simple, proven strategies and tools for dealing with problems with bonding, attachment and emotions, the universal cornerstones of healthy relationships. An indispensable resource for readers who would like to manage their relationship problems independently through home study Delivers powerful techniques for dealing with unpleasant emotions, rather than repressing them and for responding constructively to complex relationship issues The perfect introduction to EFT basics for therapists considering expanding their practices to include emotionally focused therapy methods Packed with fascinating and instructive case studies and examples of EFT in action, from the authors' case files Provides valuable guidance on finding, selecting and working with the right EFT certified therapist