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Women and War in Antiquity

Author: Jacqueline Fabre-Serris
Publisher: JHU Press
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The martial virtues—courage, loyalty, cunning, and strength—were central to male identity in the ancient world, and antique literature is replete with depictions of men cultivating and exercising these virtues on the battlefield. In Women and War in Antiquity, sixteen scholars reexamine classical sources to uncover the complex but hitherto unexplored relationship between women and war in ancient Greece and Rome. They reveal that women played a much more active role in battle than previously assumed, embodying martial virtues in both real and mythological combat. The essays in the collection, taken from the first meeting of the European Research Network on Gender Studies in Antiquity, approach the topic from philological, historical, and material culture perspectives. The contributors examine discussions of women and war in works that span the ancient canon, from Homer’s epics and the major tragedies in Greece to Seneca’s stoic writings in first-century Rome. They consider a vast panorama of scenes in which women are portrayed as spectators, critics, victims, causes, and beneficiaries of war. This deft volume, which ultimately challenges the conventional scholarly opposition of standards of masculinity and femininity, will appeal to scholars and students of the classical world, European warfare, and gender studies. -- Kurt Raaflaub, Brown University, coeditor of Raymond Westbrook’


Women and War

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Publisher: ABC-CLIO
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Women and War

Author: Bernard A. Cook
Publisher: Abc-clio
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In this unique encyclopedia, 120 leading scholars from around the world provide comprehensive treatment of the role of women in war, from the first written history to the present.


War Women and Children in Ancient Rome Routledge Revivals

Author: John K. Evans
Publisher: Routledge
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J.K. Evans’ pioneering work explores the profound changes in the social, economic and legal condition of Roman women, which, it is argued, were necessary consequences of two centuries of near-continuous warfare as Rome expanded from city-state to empire. Bridging the gap that has isolated the specialised studies of Roman women and children from the more traditional political and social concerns of historians, J.K. Evans’ investigation ranges from Cicero’s wife Terentia to the anonymous spouse of the peasant-soldier Ligustinus, charting the severe erosion of the very institutions that kept women and children in thrall. War, Women and Children in Ancient Rome will be of interest not only to classicists and historians of antiquity but also to sociologists and anthropologists, while it will similarly prove an indispensable reference work for historians of women and the family.


Women in Antiquity

Author: Charles Seltman
Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing
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WOMEN IN ANTIQUITY is mainly about women in those Mediterranean civilisations which are the root of ours. After touching on the life of women in Palaeolithic and Neolithic times, Dr. Seltman comes to the first urban civilisations in Mesopotamia and Egypt, where the exaltation of women was bound up with the religious attitude towards love-goddesses and mother-goddesses. He discusses nudity and the wearing of clothes; fertility rites and sacred prostitution; heroines of the Bible; the cult of Isis. Fascinating pages deal with the women of Minoan Crete and of the Heroic Age (as described by Homer and confirmed by archaeological discoveries). A chapter on Sparta refers to the custom of exposing feeble infants, the annual flagellation of boys, the athletic prowess of girls, and the social and sexual codes. Coming to Athens, he appraises slavery and gives an imaginary Socratic dialogue to show how a 5th-century Athenian would have felt about some of our present Western ideas. This leads to the question: “Why is our modern world so preoccupied with sex and sin?” Dr. Seltman tells of the false 19th-century concepts of Athenian life and the position of women, discusses the hetairai (‘girl-friends’), and contrasts the attitudes of Aristophanes and Plato to women. A chapter entitled “The New Woman” deals with girl athletes as typified by the story of Atalanta. Then we see how women fared in the Hellenistic Age and in the time of the Roman Republic and Empire. The final chapters show how anti-feminism was developed by the Fathers of the Church and frankly discuss monasticism and celibacy. The book is fully documented, and the carefully chosen illustrations are exceptionally interesting.


Overcoming Violence Against Women and Girls

Author: Pete Hautman
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
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A vivid overview of the scope of the problem of gender-based violence worldwide, and a sense of the important work now underway to eradicate it.


A Companion to Women in the Ancient World

Author: Sharon L. James
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
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Reflections of Women in Antiquity

Author: Helene Foley
Publisher: Routledge
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Published in the year 1981, Reflections of Women in Antiquity is a valuable contribution to the field of Performance.


Women and War

Author: Jean Bethke Elshtain
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
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Jean Elshtain examines how the myths of Man as "Just Warrior" and Woman as "Beautiful Soul" serve to recreate and secure women's social position as noncombatants and men's identity as warriors. Elshtain demonstrates how these myths are undermined by the reality of female bellicosity and sacrificial male love, as well as the moral imperatives of just wars.


Spartan Women

Author: Sarah B. Pomeroy
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
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The author examines Spartan women from all social classes covering over a thousand years, by analyzing ancient texts and archeological evidence to construct the world of these females. Proceeding through the archaic, classical, Hellenistic and Roman periods discussions of education, family life, reproduction, religion and athletics are included.


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