World Legislatures

World Legislatures is limited in its aims. The word 'legislature' is a loose one and is very often used synonymously with “Parliament' and 'Assembly'. In fact aconsiderable proportion of parliamentary time is not devoted to making laws; ...

World Legislatures


Parliaments in the Modern World

Although the lawmaking powers of the world's legislatures vary , it would be difficult to think of an assembly as a legislature if it had no lawmaking role whatever ( Mezey 1979 , 21-59 ) . Legislatures are involved in recruiting ...

Parliaments in the Modern World

A cross-national survey of how parliaments adapt to change

Party System Change in Legislatures Worldwide

In real-world legislatures, this decision rule generally applies, save for constitu— tional issues and executive veto overrides, which tend to require supermajorities of between three-fifths and two—thirds.

Party System Change in Legislatures Worldwide

In this book, Carol Mershon and Olga Shvetsova explore one of the central questions in democratic politics: how much autonomy do elected politicians have to shape and reshape the party system on their own, without the direct involvement of voters in elections? Mershon and Shvetsova's theory focuses on the choices of party membership made by legislators while serving in office. It identifies the inducements and impediments to legislators' changes of partisan affiliation, and integrates strategic and institutional approaches to the study of parties and party systems. With empirical analyses comparing nine countries that differ in electoral laws, territorial governance and executive-legislative relations, Mershon and Shvetsova find that strategic incumbents have the capacity to reconfigure the party system as established in elections. Representatives are motivated to bring about change by opportunities arising during the parliamentary term, and are deterred from doing so by the elemental democratic practice of elections.

Legislative Politics in the Arab World

Comparative Legislatures . Durham : Duke University Press . - . 1985. " The Functions of Legislatures in the Third World . " In Gerhard Loewenberg , Samuel C. Patterson , and Malcolm E. Jewell , eds . , Handbook of Legislative Research ...

Legislative Politics in the Arab World

Presents historical, comparative, and theoretical perspectives on democratization and legislatures in the Arab world, supported by six case studies. The authors look at the distinctive features of democratization processes in the Arab world, discuss the ability of parliaments to provide linkages between government and citizens, and present a typology of Arab parliaments revolving around the variables of centrality and capacity. The second part of the text consists of case studies in legislative development in Lebanon, Morocco, Kuwait, Yemen, and Egypt. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Legislatures and Legislators

Legislatures and Legislators

This series brings together the most significant journal articles to appear in the field of comparative politics over the past 30 years. The aim is to render readily accessible to teachers, researchers and students an extensive range of essays which, together, provide an indispensable basis for understanding both the established conceptual terrain and the new ground being broken in the rapidly changing field of comparative political analysis. This series is divided into three major sections: Institutional Studies, Thematic Studies and Country Studies.

Women in Parliament

In 2005, women constitute 16.0 percent of members of parliaments (MPs) worldwide. ... elected to parliament, today women inside parliament are organizing, mobilizing, motivating and advancing women from inside the world's legislatures.

Women in Parliament

This updated edition of Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers Handbook covers the ground of women's access to the legislature in three steps: It looks into the obstacles women confront when entering Parliament be they political, socio-economic or ideological and psychological. It presents solutions to overcome these obstacles, such as changing electoral systems and introducing quotas, and it details strategies for women to influence politics once they are elected to parliament, an institution which is traditionally male dominated. The first Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers handbook was produced as part of IDEA's work on women and political participation in 1998. Since its release in English in 1998, there has been an ongoing interest and demand for the handbook, and responding to the request for the translation of the handbook, IDEA has produced Spanish, French and Indonesian language versions and a Russian overview of the handbook during 2002-2003. Since the first handbook was published, the picture regarding women's political participation has slowly changed. Overall the past decade has seen gradual progress with regard to women's presence in national parliaments. This second edition incorporates relevant global changes in the past years presenting new and updated case studies.--

Legislative Document

New York (State). Legislature. World's Fair, continued Chapter 820, Laws of 1962 An Act to amend chapter four hundred twenty-nine of the laws of nineteen hundred sixty, entitled “An act creating a temporary state commission to prepare ...

Legislative Document


The Impact of Legislatures

The chapters in this volume reflect scholarship that helps the reader appreciate the significance of the place and consequences of legislatures, examining not only the relationship between the legislature and the executive, but also the oft ...

The Impact of Legislatures

The Impact of Legislatures brings together key articles and path-breaking scholarship published in The Journal of Legislative Studies during its first 25 years of publication, enabling the reader to make sense of the impact of legislatures in the modern world. Encompassing theory, comparative analysis, and county-based empirical studies, the volume examines the impact of legislatures as the key representative institutions of nations, addressing their relationships both to government and to the people. Legislatures are ubiquitous. They provide legitimacy to measures of public policy and to government. As such, they are key to how a nation is governed. But they do much more than confer legitimacy. They are generally multi-functional and functionally adaptable bodies, and are an essential link between citizen and government. However, scholarship on them has not been extensive and has often been descriptive and country- specific, limiting the capacity to make sense of them as a particular species of institution. The chapters in this volume reflect scholarship that helps the reader appreciate the significance of the place and consequences of legislatures, examining not only the relationship between the legislature and the executive, but also the oft-neglected relationship between legislatures and the people. Reflecting the growing body of research in the field of legislative studies, carried by The Journal of Legislative Studies since its inception in 1995, The Impact of Legislatures is essential reading for anyone wishing to understand the impact of legislatures in the world today.

World Encyclopedia of Parliaments and Legislatures

A collection of over 200 articles describing legislative bodies around the world. For each country, the legislative body is discussed in terms of constitutional approach as well as practice.

World Encyclopedia of Parliaments and Legislatures

A collection of over 200 articles describing legislative bodies around the world. For each country, the legislative body is discussed in terms of constitutional approach as well as practice. Key characteristics such as historical background, elections, lawmaking and budgetary control are covered.

Report of the Joint Legislative Committee on Interstate Cooperation to the Legislature

Legislature. Joint Legislative Committee on Interstate Cooperation. As for the broader aspects of the interstate movement ... to the committee's final observation that “over large areas of the world, legislative bodies have lost ground.

Report of the Joint Legislative Committee on Interstate Cooperation to the Legislature


Party System Change in Legislatures Worldwide

How much autonomy do elected politicians have to shape and reshape the party system on their own, without the direct involvement of voters in elections?

Party System Change in Legislatures Worldwide

How much autonomy do elected politicians have to shape and reshape the party system on their own, without the direct involvement of voters in elections?

The Stakes of Diplomacy

A World Parliament would collapse under its tremendous burdens. The Hague plan, with all its ramifications, fails because it lacks the essentials of government— legislative and executive power. The World State is at present too ...

The Stakes of Diplomacy

Walter Lippmann is arguably the most influential journalist in American history. From the time of Woodrow Wilson to the time of Lyndon Johnson, what Walter Lippmann said mattered. His word was valued because of his exceptional capacity for analysis, and because he had the rare ability to make complex ideas and problems manageable and understandable. Lippmann combined the practical and the theoretical and saw them as inseparable. He savored the life of the mind and relished the arena of politics. He was political philosopher, social commentator, political advisor, and activist-intellectual. As the country grappled with an impressive influx of European ideas and with the threatening press of European problems, so did Lippmann. Like President Wilson, he came to believe that the condition of the modern world required that America either act or be acted upon. New methods of communication and propaganda meant that ideas contrary to America's would be widely heard. Reformed liberalism and the projection of that liberalism into a troubled world were the best hedge against totalitarian schemes and imperialist aggression. The Stakes of Diplomacy resulted from Lippmann's assignment by Wilson's Secretary of War Baker, to a project for studying possible terms of peace and ways to influence the world in a liberal-democratic direction. The Stakes of Diplomacy ends both with admiration for the peaceful nature of democracies and a plea for their further influence in the world, and with an understanding that democracy's influence will depend partly upon its physical might and geopolitical collaboration. Lippmann stands as a prominent figure in America's twentieth-century quest for power with honor. He concludes this volume with the warning that there is no safe way and no morally feasible way to turn back from our dangerous mission: "Unless the people who are humane and sympathetic, the people who wish to live and let live, are masters of the situation, the world faces an indefinite vista of conquest and terror."

Global Governance Human Rights and International Law

the operation of the global trade regime impacts heavily on the mandate, mission and functioning of national legislatures around the world. Adverse rulings on government subsidies from WTO dispute settlement panels can throw thousands ...

Global Governance  Human Rights and International Law

This book offers a stimulating introduction to the links between areas of global governance, human rights global economy and international law. By drawing on a range of diverse subject areas, Errol P. Mendes argues that the foundations of global governance, human rights and international law are undermined by a conflict or ‘tragic flaw’, where insistence on absolute conceptions of state sovereignty are pitted against universally accepted principles of justice and human rights resulting in destructive self-interest for both the state and the global community. The book explores how human rights and international law are applied in some of the critical institutions of global governance and in the operations of the global private sector, and how States, institutions and global civil society struggle to fight this ‘tragic flaw’. The book is brought up to date by considering developments in the role of the IMF, the World Bank, bilateral investment treaties; the likely failure of the Doha round of WTO negotiations; the legacy of the 2008 financial crisis; and the role of the International Criminal Court and the evolving Responsibility to Protect doctrine in international peace and security crises in the Middle East, Central and West Africa among other regions of the world. With its intensely interdisciplinary approach, this book motivates new thinking in the realm of global governance and international law, and promotes the development of new strategies for negotiating between conflicting leadership and organisational values within global institutions. The book will be of great interest and use to students and researchers of public international law, international relations and political science, business and human rights, global governance and international trade and economic law.

Exporting Congress

Distinguished scholars detail the extent to which the US Congress has influenced democractic legislatures around the world, and the myriad factors involved in the diffusion of influence.

Exporting Congress

Distinguished scholars detail the extent to which the US Congress has influenced democractic legislatures around the world, and the myriad factors involved in the diffusion of influence. Includes the governments of Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, the European Parliament, plus new democracies in Latin America and Eastern Europe.

Legislative Oversight and Budgeting

The budget process provides critical opportunities. Section II of this volume is devoted to examining budget oversight from the formulation and approval of the budget, to implementation and the ex post examination of the public accounts.

Legislative Oversight and Budgeting

In most countries, parliament has the constitutional mandate to both oversee and hold government to account. In light of the increased focus on good governance, academics and legislative strengthening practitioners are re-examining parliament's oversight function with a view to increasing public financial accountability, curbing corruption, and contributing to poverty reduction. This volume brings together research from many different perspectives and many different legislative settings worldwide. As the country case studies in section III demonstrate, the accountability mechanisms or oversight tools available to the legislature vary based on constitutionally defined powers of the legislature, institutional arrangements between the branches of government, divisions of authority between national, regional, and local governments, the degree of legitimacy conferred on the legislature, and the resources available to it. The budget process provides critical opportunities. Section II of this volume is devoted to examining budget oversight from the formulation and approval of the budget, to implementation and the ex post examination of the public accounts. Special attention is also paid to mechanisms to assist parliaments such as Public Accounts Committees and independent parliamentary budget offices. This title will be of interest to parliamentarians and parliamentary staff, legislative strengthening practitioners, and students of legislative development.

Parliaments in the Modern World

Parliaments in the Modern World


Senates

Remaining chapters look at senatorial segments of parliamentary life in the unitary systems of France, Britain, Italy, Spain, and Poland. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Senates

Examines the upper houses of the world's parliaments within their own political systems, capturing their development over time and characterizing their relations with the lower house, the government of the day, and extraparliamentary political parties. Begins with the US Senate, then analyzes the German, Australian, and Canadian federal senates. Remaining chapters look at senatorial segments of parliamentary life in the unitary systems of France, Britain, Italy, Spain, and Poland. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Parliaments of the World

Parliaments of the World


Comparative Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Omnibus Legislation

This book is the first in the world to provide a cross-national, comparative exploration of omnibus legislation.

Comparative Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Omnibus Legislation

This book is the first in the world to provide a cross-national, comparative exploration of omnibus legislation. It contributes to the global debate over omnibus legislation and offers comprehensive, thorough and multifaceted coverage that concerns the fields of legislation and legisprudence, comparative law, political science, public policy and economics. Beyond its relevance for these fields, the book will support practitioners in parliaments, governments and courts, thereby impacting the actual use of omnibus legislation. A new, major and controversial reform is enacted in the middle of the night. It is buried in a massive omnibus bill hundreds of pages in length, which is rammed through the legislative process at breakneck speed. The legislators receive the final version of the bill in the very last minute, and protest that they’ve had no opportunity to read it in detail and know what they’re voting upon. The majority party’s legislative leaders, however, are unimpressed, and the law is eventually passed on the basis of strict party discipline. Though it may sound far-fetched, this scenario is all too familiar in many legislatures around the world. The legislative practice of combining numerous unrelated measures in one long bill, which is often passed via a highly expedited process, has become a matter of intense debate and criticism in many countries.