This ground-breaking history of the General Jewish Labour Bund investigates how the organisation transformed itself from a revolutionary protagonist in early twentieth-century Russia to a socialist institution of secular Jewish life and ...
Author: Frank Wolff
Category: Political Science
This ground-breaking history of the General Jewish Labour Bund investigates how the organisation transformed itself from a revolutionary protagonist in early twentieth-century Russia to a socialist institution of secular Jewish life and yidishkayt for Jews in North and South America.
Jewish migration 187 Jewish nationalism in 190–1 and the Jewish national problem 12 Jewish national rights recognized ... 211–17 War Communism 198–9 Yiddish language in 190, 193, 197–8 Yiddish literature 192, 194–6 Yiddish schools 193 ...
Author: Alain Brossat
Publisher: Verso Books
Recovering the history of the revolutionary Jewish tradition Jewish radicals manned the barricades on the avenues of Petrograd and the alleys of the Warsaw ghetto; they were in the vanguard of those resisting Franco and the Nazis. They originated in Yiddishland, a vast expanse of Eastern Europe that, before the Holocaust, ran from the Baltic Sea to the western edge of Russia and incorporated hundreds of Jewish communities with a combined population of some 11 million people. Within this territory, revolutionaries arose from the Jewish misery of Eastern and Central Europe; they were raised in the fear of God and taught to respect religious tradition, but were caught up in the great current of revolutionary utopian thinking. Socialists, Communists, Bundists, Zionists, Trotskyists, manual workers and intellectuals, they embodied the multifarious activity and radicalism of a Jewish working class that glimpsed the Messiah in the folds of the red flag. Today, the world from which they came has disappeared, dismantled and destroyed by the Nazi genocide. After this irremediable break, there remain only survivors, and the work of memory for red Yiddishland. This book traces the struggles of these militants, their singular trajectories, their oscillation between great hope and doubt, their lost illusions—a red and Jewish gaze on the history of the twentieth century.
In The Legacy of Jewish Migration: 1881 and Its Impact, edited by David Berger, 9–22. New York: Brooklyn College Press, 1983. . “Jewish Politics and the Russian Revolution of 1905.” Spiegel Lectures in European Jewish History, no. 4.
Author: Barry Trachtenberg
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
Category: Foreign Language Study
At the beginning of the twentieth century, Yiddish was widely viewed, even by many of its speakers, as a corrupt form of German that Jews had to abandon if they hoped to engage in serious intellectual, cultural, or political work. Yet by 1917 it was the dominant language of the Russian Jewish press, a medium for modern literary criticism, a vehicle for science and learning, and the foundation of an ideology of Jewish liberation. The Revolutionary Roots of Modern Yiddish, 1903-1917 investigates how this change in status occurred and three major figures responsible for its transformation.
Topics of this volume range – among others – from the location of Switzerland on the map of East European Jewish politics (Bundism, Socialism, Yiddishism, Zionism), conflicting performative cultures of Jewish and Russian revolutionaries ...
Author: Tamar Lewinsky
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
During the era of Jewish mass migration from Eastern Europe (from the 1880s until the First World War), Switzerland played an important role in absorbing immigrants. Though located at the periphery of the main migration routes, the federal state with its liberal policies on foreigners became a key destination for students, revolutionaries, and travelers. The micro-studies and more general papers of this volume approach the topic in its transnational, local, linguistic, gendered, and ideological dimensions and from various disciplinary angles. They interweave and facilitate a novel take on the transitory spatial history and the Lebenswelt of East European Jews in Switzerland. Topics of this volume range– among others– from the location of Switzerland on the map of East European Jewish politics (Bundism, Socialism, Yiddishism, Zionism), conflicting performative cultures of Jewish and Russian revolutionaries, the Swiss Lehr- and Wanderjahre of the Jewish public intellectual Meir Wiener, the impact of Geneva on the Zionist Hebrew writer Ben Ami, the Russian-Jewish students’ colonies in Berne and Zurich and questions of individuals' integration and acculturation.
She ended upjoining theradical revolutionary group Narodnaya Volya.One of the resultsof the assassination wasthe unleashingofthe first waveof pogroms that shook East European Jewryinthe years 1881–4, leading to mass migration.
Author: D. Katz
Category: Social Science
Yiddish and Power surveys the social, linguistic and intellectual history of the Yiddish language within the traditional civilisation of Jewish Ashkenaz in central, and then in eastern Europe, and its interaction with the surrounding non-Jewish culture. It explores the various ways in which Yiddish has empowered masses and served political agendas.
This was immediately followed by everyone singing the “ Oath , ” a Yiddish revolutionary song and the official hymn of the Bund.57 Jewish workers , particularly those influenced by Bundists , were using religious imagery and the ethical ...
An exact analogy would be an imaginary scenario according to which Yiddish-speaking Jewish migrants come to an ... The emphasis placed by “revolutionary” authors on the decisive role of the western elite is also untenable from the point ...
Author: Alexander Beider
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This book traces the origins of modern varieties of Yiddish and presents evidence for the claim that, contrary to most accounts, Yiddish only developed into a separate language in the 15th century. Through a careful analysis of Yiddish phonology, morphology, orthography, and the Yiddish lexicon in all its varieties, Alexander Beider shows how what are commonly referred to as Eastern Yiddish and Western Yiddish have different ancestors. Specifically, he argues that the western branch is based on German dialects spoken in western Germany with some Old French influence, while the eastern branch has its origins in German dialects spoken in the modern-day Czech Republic with some Old Czech influence. The similarities between the two branches today are mainly a result of the close links between the underlying German dialects, and of the close contact between speakers. Following an introduction to the definition and classification of Yiddish and its dialects, chapters in the book investigate the German, Hebrew, Romance, and Slavic components of Yiddish, as well as the sound changes that have occurred in the various dialects. The book will be of interest to all those working in the areas of Yiddish and Jewish Studies in particular, and historical linguistics and history more generally.
This collection of articles by sociologically minded historians and historically minded sociologists highlights both the long-term persistence and the continuing instability of home country connections.
Author: Nancy L. Green
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
Category: Social Science
This collection of articles by sociologically minded historians and historically minded sociologists highlights both the long-term persistence and the continuing instability of home country connections. Encompassing societies of origin and destination from around the world, A Century of Transnationalism shows that while population movements across states recurrently produce homeland ties, those connections have varied across contexts and from one historical period to another, changing in unpredictable ways. Any number of factors shape the linkages between home and destination, including conditions in the society of immigration, policies of the state of emigration, and geopolitics worldwide. Contributors: Houda Asal, Marie-Claude Blanc-Chaléard, Caroline Douki, David FitzGerald, Nancy L. Green, Madeline Y. Hsu, Thomas Lacroix, Tony Michels, Victor Pereira, Mônica Raisa Schpun, and Roger Waldinger
Yiddish and North African period during the Paris Commune, this working-class identity was emphasized: the actions of revolutionaries from Belleville gave the neighbourhood the reputation of a hotbed of rebellion, a reputation it has ...
Author: Marco Martiniello
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Category: Social Science
"The editors have selected from both the grounding classics and the best new work to show how migration is transforming the rich democracies." Professor John Mollenkopf, The City University of New York --
The Third Migration, 1880-1920 Gerald Sorin ... This was immediately followed by everyone singing the " Oath , ” a Yiddish revolutionary song and the official hymn of the Bund.57 Jewish workers , particularly those influenced by ...
Author: Gerald Sorin
Publisher: JHU Press
A Time for Building describes the experiences of Jews who stayed in the large cities of the Northeast and Midwest as well as those who moved to smaller towns in the deep South and the West.
A study of Yiddish modernism would necessitate a careful reconstruction of the central role of the Yiddish periodical press , of migration , wars , and revolutionary movements , and of the diversity of responses to them .
Author: Anita Norich
Publisher: Indiana University Press
"... the most incisive study to date of the lesser-known but equally talented Singer: Israel Joshua... " -- Choice "... exceedingly well researched and written... " -- Shofar "This critical examination of the fiction of I.J. Singer is deft in its placement of the novels and short stories in historical context, but with new perspectives on that historical context." -- AJL Newsletter Although Israel Joshua Singer has existed, for English readers, in the shadow of his famous brother, Isaac Bashevis Singer, this book reasserts his rightful place at the center of Yiddish culture in Eastern Europe and America. A comprehensive bibliography of Singer's fiction, essays, and journalism is included.
8 The polylingual intersection , coupled with the international scope of Yiddish literature and the migrations of its ... writing Yiddish verse , thus causing a revolutionary change in the history of Yiddish and Hebrew versification .
Author: Benjamin Harshav
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Provides information on the Yiddish language and literature, describes poetic forms, and gathers poems in Yiddish and English by seven of the best Jewish American poets
At the end of the nineteenth century, the Jewish migration from Tsarist Russia was a migration of traditionally orthodox ... The use of Hebrew, and the decline or persistence of the Yiddish language were important indicators of Jewish ...
Author: Martyn Lyons
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
Martyn Lyons offers a fresh interpretation of European history in the half-century following the fall of Napoleon. Instead of seeing the period in traditional terms of Restoration and Reaction, this new account emphasizes the problems of remembering and forgetting the recent revolutionary and Napoleonic past, and of either incorporating or rejecting its legacy. Post-Revolutionary Europe: - makes interesting comparisons and contrasts between the fall of the French Empire in 1815 and the collapse of the Soviet Empire in 1989-91 - examines the new forms of popular participation in political life which developed between the 1830 and 1848 Revolutions, as a broad public sphere of action was created - offers a series of thematic chapters which discuss key topics such as peasants and artisans, the bourgeois family, nationalism, the growth of cities, and European Jewry - covers a wide geographical context, from Britain to the Balkans and from Portugal to Russia. Illustrated throughout, this clear and engaging text is essential reading for all those with an interest in this important period of European history.
In the civil war years, Chinese joined revolutionary institutions in Russia, including the famous Petrograd Soviet. ... In the 1920s, the Soviet Union was the only state on earth to sponsor Yiddish cultural, social, and political ...
Author: Gregor Benton
The transnational and diasporic dimensions of early Chinese migrant politics opened in the late nineteenth century when Chinese radical groups bent on overthrowing the Qing dynasty (1644-1911) vied with one another to win Chinese overseas to their modernizing projects, and immigrants who had suffered discrimination welcomed their proposals. The radicals’ concentration on Chinese communities abroad as outposts of Chinese politics and culture strengthened the stereotype of Chinese as clannish, unassimilable, xenophobic, and deeply introverted. This book argues that such a view has its roots less in historical truth than in political and ideological prejudice and obscures a rich vein of internationalist practice in Chinese migrant or diasporic history, which the study aims to restore to visibility. In some cases, internationalist alliances sprang from the spontaneous perception by Chinese and other non-Chinese migrants or local workers of shared problems and common solutions in everyday life and work. At other times, they emerged from under the umbrella of transnationalism, when Chinese nationalist and anti-imperialist activists overseas received support for their campaigns from local internationalists; or the alliances were the product of nurturing by Chinese or non-Chinese political organizers, including anarchists, communists, and members of internationalist cultural movements like Esperantism. Based on sources in a dozen languages, and telling hitherto largely unknown or forgotten stories of Chinese migrant experiences in Russia, Germany, Cuba, Spain and Australia, this study will appeal to students and scholars of Chinese history, labour studies and ethnic/migration studies alike.
A second wave of radical ideas then entered into Mexico by the turn of the century, brought in by anarchist and Marxist migrants versed in the gospel of class struggle at the point of production. These revolutionaries found a new ...
Author: Justin Akers Chacón
Publisher: Haymarket Books
Category: Social Science
Radicals in the Barrio uncovers a long and rich history of political radicalism within the Mexican and Chicano working class in the United States. Chacón clearly and sympathetically documents the ways that migratory workers carried with them radical political ideologies, new organizational models, and shared class experience, as they crossed the border into southwestern barrios during the first three decades of the twentieth-century. Justin Akers Chacón previous work includes No One is Illegal: Fighting Racism and State Violence on the U.S.-Mexico Border (with Mike Davis).
Emanuel S. Goldsmith, Modern Yiddish Culture (New York: Fordham University Press, 1987), p. ... new century unfolded and the mass migration of Eastern European Jews to the United States was in full flood, the amalgam of revolutionary ...
Author: Mickey Flacks
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
Making History/Making Blintzes is a chronicle of the political and personal lives of progressive activists Richard (Dick) and Miriam (Mickey) Flacks, two of the founders of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS). As active members of the Civil Rights movement and the anti-Vietnam War movement in the 1960s, and leaders in today’s social movements, their stories are a first-hand account of progressive American activism from the 1960s to the present. Throughout this memoir, the couple demonstrates that their lifelong commitment to making history through social activism cannot be understood without returning to the deeply personal context of their family history—of growing up “Red Diaper babies” in 1950s New York City, using folk music as self-expression as adolescents in the 1960s, and of making blintzes for their own family through the 1970s and 1980s. As the children of immigrants and first generation Jews, Dick and Mickey crafted their own religious identity as secular Jews, created a critical space for American progressive activism through SDS, and ultimately, found themselves raising an “American” family.
Great Emigration, politically motivated emigration could merge into betterment migration, for instance, through resettlement programs to the Americas encouraged by Western European states and parts of the exiled diaspora, ...
Author: Włodzimierz Borodziej
Immigrants and Foreigners in Central and Eastern Europe during the Twentieth Century challenges widespread conceptions of Central and Eastern European countries as merely countries of origin. It sheds light on their experience of immigration and the establishment of refugee regimes at different stages in the history of the region. The book brings together a variety of case studies on Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia, and the experiences of return migrants from the United States, displaced Hungarian Jews, desperate German social democrats, resettled Magyars, resourceful tourists, labour migrants, and Zionists. In doing so, it highlights and explores the variety of experience across different forms of immigration and discusses its broader social and political framework. Presenting the challenges within the history of immigration in Eastern Europe and considering both immigration to the region and emigration from it, Immigrants and Foreigners in Central and Eastern Europe during the Twentieth Century provides a new perspective on, and contribution to, this ongoing subject of debate.
"A collection of song texts in Yiddish and English, as well as a selection of tunes Rubin transcribed, this volume brings the Jews' ancient, itinerant culture alive through children's songs, dancing songs, and songs about love and courtship ...
Author: Ruth Rubin
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
"A collection of song texts in Yiddish and English, as well as a selection of tunes Rubin transcribed, this volume brings the Jews' ancient, itinerant culture alive through children's songs, dancing songs, and songs about love and courtship, poverty and work, crime and corruption, immigration and the dream of a homeland. Rubin's notes and annotations weave each text into the larger story of the Jewish experience." --Book Jacket.
This led to the science of casuistry, needed to establish the value of actions, good or bad, and gave rise to the standards and structures of Yiddish orthodoxy. To combat the "Revolutionaries of the Light" (Haskalab), this tradition ...
Author: Jacques Langlais
Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
Jews and French Quebecers recounts a saga of intense interest for the whole of Canada, let alone societies elsewhere. This work, now translated into English, represents the viewpoints of two friends from differing cultural and religious traditions. One is a French Quebecer and a Christian; the other is Jewish and also calls Quebec his home. Both men are bilingual. Jacques Langlais and David Rome examine the merging — through alterations of close co-operation and socio-political clashes — of two Quebec ethno-cultural communities: one French, already rooted in the land of Quebec and its religio-cultural tradition; the other, Jewish, migrating from Europe through the last two centuries, equally rooted in its Jewish-Yiddish tradition. In Quebec both communities have learned to build and live together as well as to share their respective cultural heritages. This remarkable experience, two hundred years of intercultural co-vivance, in a world fraught with ethnic tensions serves as a model for both Canada and other countries.
Bergelson's quasi-proletarian revival of Yiddish literature in Soviet Russia unfolds in a newly imagined socialist landscape filled ... landscape for Yiddish literature outside of the shtetl and the liminal spaces ofJewish migration.
Author: Allison Schachter
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Pairing the two concepts of diaspora and modernism, Allison Schachter formulates a novel approach to modernist studies and diasporic cultural production. Diasporic Modernisms illuminates how the relationships between migrant writers and dispersed readers were registered in the innovative practices of modernist prose fiction. The Jewish writers discussed-including S. Y. Abramovitsh, Yosef Chaim Brenner, Dovid Bergelson, Leah Goldberg, Gabreil Preil, and Kadia Molodowsky--embraced diaspora as a formal literary strategy to reflect on the historical conditions of Jewish language culture. Spanning from 1894 to 1974, the book traces the development of this diasporic aesthetic in the shifting centers of Hebrew and Yiddish literature, including Odessa, Jerusalem, Berlin, Tel Aviv, and New York. Through an analysis of Jewish writing, Schachter theorizes how modernist literary networks operate outside national borders in minor and non-national languages. Offering the first comparative literary history of Hebrew and Yiddish modernist prose, Diasporic Modernisms argues that these two literary histories can no longer be separated by nationalist and monolingual histories. Instead, the book illuminates how these literary languages continue to animate each other, even after the creation of a Jewish state, with Hebrew as its national language.