Zealotry and Academic Freedom

Professional academic freedom requires that the faculty foster and publicly defend the academic freedom of colleagues. At many institutions in past periods of zealotry, the faculty as a collegial body and the administration have ...

Zealotry and Academic Freedom

Zealotry and Academic Freedom began with the author's personal experience with suppression of academic speech and obstacles to the pursuit of academic quality. Using his own tumultuous experience as a starting point, Hamilton explores how significant efforts to create an autonomous space for academic speech within the university over the past 125 years have been thwarted.Hamilton charges that a fundamentalist academic left in some humanities and social science faculties views the exercise of standards of academic quality and merit-based performance evaluations as tools of oppression and bigotry. Academic zealots ferret out and oppose hidden structures of so-called oppression in our "Eurocentric" culture. Any faculty member overtly supporting academic quality is thus suspected of bigotry and subject to investigations.The opening portion of the book locates similarities with the religious fundamentalism of the nineteenth century in waves of zealotry in American higher education. The first part covers student activism in the 1960s through the emergence of a radical academic left in the early 1990s. The second part examines the meaning of academic freedom and the protection of expression that should be secured. The third and final portion shows how targets of the coercive tactics of the zealots in any period of zealotry can, and have been effectively rebuked, and ultimately overcome.Neil Hamilton's book will generate controversy, particularly the chapters that inquire into the current wave of academic suppression. Hamilton warns that "history instructs that it can happen here." This candid look into the politics of higher education will be gripping reading for all those concerned with the future of education: professors, administrators, students, and parents. There has been a growing literature on this subject, but none cover the legal-political aspects of political correctness with such precision.

Zealotry and Academic Freedom

Any faculty member overtly supporting academic quality is thus suspected of bigotry and subject to investigations.The opening portion of the book locates similarities with the religious fundamentalism of the nineteenth century in waves of ...

Zealotry and Academic Freedom

Zealotry and Academic Freedom began with the author's personal experience with suppression of academic speech and obstacles to the pursuit of academic quality. Using his own tumultuous experience as a starting point, Hamilton explores how significant efforts to create an autonomous space for academic speech within the university over the past 125 years have been thwarted. Hamilton charges that a fundamentalist academic left in some humanities and social science faculties views the exercise of standards of academic quality and merit-based performance evaluations as tools of oppression and bigotry. Academic zealots ferret out and oppose hidden structures of so-called oppression in our "Eurocentric" culture. Any faculty member overtly supporting academic quality is thus suspected of bigotry and subject to investigations. The opening portion of the book locates similarities with the religious fundamentalism of the nineteenth century in waves of zealotry in American higher education. The first part covers student activism in the 1960s through the emergence of a radical academic left in the early 1990s. The second part examines the meaning of academic freedom and the protection of expression that should be secured. The third and final portion shows how targets of the coercive tactics of the zealots in any period of zealotry can, and have been effectively rebuked, and ultimately overcome. Neil Hamilton's book will generate controversy, particularly the chapters that inquire into the current wave of academic suppression. Hamilton warns that "history instructs that it can happen here." This candid look into the politics of higher education will be gripping reading for all those concerned with the future of education: professors, administrators, students, and parents. There has been a growing literature on this subject, but none cover the legal-political aspects of political correctness with such precision.

Academic Freedom

Zealotry and Academic Freedom : A Legal and Historical Perspective . New Brunswick , NJ : Transaction Publishers , 1995. 402p . ISBN 1-5600-0205-0 . In Part I Hamilton addresses threats to academic freedom that have arisen from seven ...

Academic Freedom

The freedom of academics to pursue knowledge and truth in their research, writing, and teaching is a fundamental principle of contemporary higher education in the United States. But this freedom has been hard won and regularly abridged, reinterpreted, and violated. As a result, it has generated literature in a variety of disciplines. This book is a guide to research on academic freedom. Included are annotated entries for nearly 500 books, articles, chapters, web sites, and other sources of information. Entries are grouped in topical chapters and arranged alphabetically by author within each chapter. While most of the works were published since 1940, some earlier studies are also included.

Academic Ethics

Since the emergence of the modern university after the Civil War , higher education in the United States has experienced seven waves of zealotry aimed at suppressing freedom of academic thought and speech . These waves originated in ( 1 ) ...

Academic Ethics

Academic professionals are expected to restrain self-interest, promote the ideals of public service, and maintain high standards of performance, while society grants the profession autonomy to regulate itself through peer review. Hamilton conveys the need for ethical leadership from within the peer collegium--a leadership that will foster a culture of high aspiration and peer review. This book suggests that the umbrella academic organizations step forward and draft a model code of ethics for the profession of higher education. Further discussion reveals how such attempts become difficult in face of the market's relentless pressure to frame the institution-student relationship in the economic terms of provider and customer. The book also offers an analysis of academic tradition, academic freedom, and the principles of professional conduct and shared governance. Typical problems in academic life are presented, each followed by questions designed to stimulate seminar-type discussion. Appendices contain a proposed code of ethics as well as AAUP statements on the subject.

The Lost Soul of Higher Education

Corporatization, the Assault on Academic Freedom, and the End of the American University Ellen Schrecker ... 1992); Neil W. Hamilton, Zealotry and Academic Freedom: A Legal and Historical Perspective (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction ...

The Lost Soul of Higher Education

The professor and historian delivers a major critique of how political and financial attacks on the academy are undermining our system of higher education. Making a provocative foray into the public debates over higher education, acclaimed historian Ellen Schrecker argues that the American university is under attack from two fronts. On the one hand, outside pressure groups have staged massive challenges to academic freedom, beginning in the 1960s with attacks on faculty who opposed the Vietnam War, and resurfacing more recently with well-funded campaigns against Middle Eastern Studies scholars. Connecting these dots, Schrecker reveals a distinct pattern of efforts to undermine the legitimacy of any scholarly study that threatens the status quo. At the same time, Schrecker deftly chronicles the erosion of university budgets and the encroachment of private-sector influence into academic life. From the dwindling numbers of full-time faculty to the collapse of library budgets, The Lost Soul of Higher Education depicts a system increasingly beholden to corporate America and starved of the resources it needs to educate the new generation of citizens. A sharp riposte to the conservative critics of the academy by the leading historian of the McCarthy-era witch hunts, The Lost Soul of Higher Education, reveals a system in peril—and defends the vital role of higher education in our democracy.

Democracy and the Academy

freedom , hate speech , and academic freedom in religious higher education . ... it ruled against Bishop concerning his expression of religious beliefs in a classroom context . a Hamilton , Neil W. 1995 Zealotry and Academic Freedom ...

Democracy and the Academy

Treatises on democracy in higher education are hardly original undertakings in today's troubled, often acrimonious campus environments. All the "hot button" issues -- racial preferences in admissions, sexual harassment, government funding, multiculturalism, speech codes, even formulating the core curriculum -- sooner or later drag in "democracy". In fact, academic democracy has become a virtual scholarly mini-industry. The authors bring a breath of fresh perspectives to this expansive subject, a collection of analyses written by scholars seldom invited to prestigious conferences dominated by eminent presidents, trustees, provosts, and all the other educational "leaders" who normally define pubic discourse at a safe distance from the classroom. The authors eschew the customary offering of high-sounding speeches, platitudes and rhapsodizing about the democratic role of education, especially well-funded education.

The Law of Higher Education 2 Volumes

theory of “academic freedom based on the traditional legal status of academic institutions and on the appropriate role of the judiciary in ... Zealotry and Academic Freedom: A Legal and Historical Perspective (Transaction, 1996).

The Law of Higher Education  2 Volumes

This fourth edition of the indispensable guide to the laws that bear on the conduct of higher education provides a revised and up-to-date reference, research source, and guide for administrators, attorneys, and researchers. The book is also widely used as a text for graduate courses on higher education law in programs preparing higher education administrators for leadership roles. This new edition includes new and expanded sections on laws related to: * religious issues * alternative dispute resolution * the college and its employees * collective bargaining at religious and private colleges * whistleblower and other employee protections * personal liability of employees * nondiscrimination and affirmative action in employment * campus technology and computer networks * disabilities * student academic freedom * freedom of speech and hate speech * student organizations' rights, responsibilities, and activities fees * athletes' rights * USA patriot act and immigration status * public institutions and zoning regulations * regulation of research * coverage of retaliatory and extraterritorial acts * federal civil rights statues

The Law of Higher Education A Comprehensive Guide to Legal Implications of Administrative Decision Making

For the Common Good: Principles of American Academic Freedom (Yale University Press, 2009). Examines and explains academic freedom in America, ... Zealotry and Academic Freedom: A Legal and Historical Perspective (Transaction, 1996).

The Law of Higher Education  A Comprehensive Guide to Legal Implications of Administrative Decision Making

Your must-have resource on the law of higher education Written by recognized experts in the field, the latest edition of The Law of Higher Education, Vol. 1 offers college administrators, legal counsel, and researchers with the most up-to-date, comprehensive coverage of the legal implications of administrative decision making. In the increasingly litigious environment of higher education, William A. Kaplin and Barbara A. Lee’s clear, cogent, and contextualized legal guide proves more and more indispensable every year. Two new authors, Neal H. Hutchens and Jacob H Rooksby, have joined the Kaplin and Lee team to provide additional coverage of important developments in higher education law. From hate speech to student suicide, from intellectual property developments to issues involving FERPA, this comprehensive resource helps ensure you’re ready for anything that may come your way. Includes new material since publication of the previous edition Covers Title IX developments and intellectual property Explores new protections for gay and transgender students and employees Delves into free speech rights of faculty and students in public universities Expands the discussion of faculty academic freedom, student academic freedom, and institutional academic freedom Part of a 2 volume set If this book isn’t on your shelf, it needs to be.

The Law of Higher Education

For the Common Good: Principles of American Academic Freedom (Yale University Press, 2009). Examines and explains academic freedom in America, ... Zealotry and Academic Freedom: A Legal and Historical Perspective (Transaction, 1996).

The Law of Higher Education

Your must-have resource on the law of higher education Written by recognized experts in the field, the latest edition of The Law of Higher Education offers college administrators, legal counsel, and researchers with the most up-to-date, comprehensive coverage of the legal implications of administrative decision making. In the increasingly litigious environment of higher education, William A. Kaplin and Barbara A. Lee’s clear, cogent, and contextualized legal guide proves more and more indispensable every year. Two new authors, Neal H. Hutchens and Jacob H Rooksby, have joined the Kaplin and Lee team to provide additional coverage of important developments in higher education law. From hate speech to student suicide, from intellectual property developments to issues involving FERPA, this comprehensive resource helps ensure you’re ready for anything that may come your way. Includes new material since publication of the previous edition Covers Title IX developments and intellectual property Explores new protections for gay and transgender students and employees Delves into free speech rights of faculty and students in public universities Expands the discussion of faculty academic freedom, student academic freedom, and institutional academic freedom If this book isn’t on your shelf, it needs to be.

Academic Freedom and Christian Scholarship

... to explain anew the meaning and importance of academic freedom for the college and Christian community. Straightforward presentation of the facts in the matters at issue, without responding directly to the zealots' allegations, ...

Academic Freedom and Christian Scholarship

The dawning of the third millennium finds many Christian colleges and universities in a search for identity. Coming to grips with the confused, often maligned topic of academic freedom is an essential part of this search. In this volume an unabashed defender of academic freedom offers well-founded advice to an academy that has seemingly lost its way. Drawing on forty years in higher education, including twenty years as president of Calvin College, Anthony Diekema reflects on the extensive scholarly literature on academic freedom against the backdrop of personal experience. He develops the larger philosophical framework necessary for thinking about academic freedom but also offers pointed advice gleaned from specific events and challenges to academic freedom that he has personally confronted. This balanced approach provides a seasoned perspective for those struggling with the subject of academic freedom in their own institutions. In the course of the book Diekema develops a sound working definition of the concept of academic freedom, assesses the threats it faces, acknowledges the significance of worldview in its implementation, and explores the policy implications for its protection and promotion in Christian colleges.

Resources in Education

( JB ) ED 387 072 HE 028 657 Hamilton , Neil Zealotry and Academic Freedom : A Legal and Historical Perspective . ... The book argues that current academic zealots view the exercise of standards of academic quality and merit - based ...

Resources in Education


The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Since the formation ofthe AAUP, academic freedom has been threatened repeatedly by waves of zealotry from outside the university, including strident patriotism during World War I, anti-Communism prior to World War II, and McCarthyism in ...

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History brings together in one two-volume set the record of the nation's values, aspirations, anxieties, and beliefs as expressed in both everyday life and formal bodies of thought. Over the past twenty years, the field of cultural history has moved to the center of American historical studies, and has come to encompass the experiences of ordinary citizens in such arenas as reading and religious practice as well as the accomplishments of prominent artists and writers. Some of the most imaginative scholarship in recent years has emerged from this burgeoning field. The scope of the volume reflects that development: the encyclopedia incorporates popular entertainment ranging from minstrel shows to video games, middlebrow ventures like Chautauqua lectures and book clubs, and preoccupations such as "Perfectionism" and "Wellness" that have shaped Americans' behavior at various points in their past and that continue to influence attitudes in the present. The volumes also make available recent scholarly insights into the writings of political scientists, philosophers, feminist theorists, social reformers, and other thinkers whose works have furnished the underpinnings of Americans' civic activities and personal concerns. Anyone wishing to understand the hearts and minds of the inhabitants of the United States from the early days of settlement to the twenty-first century will find the encyclopedia invaluable.

Cornell 69

On McCarthyism and academic freedom , see Ellen W. Schrecker , No Ivory Tower : McCarthyism and the Universities ( Princeton University Press , 1986 ) ; Neil L. Hamilton , Zealotry and Academic Freedom : A Legal and Historical ...

Cornell  69

In April 1969, one of America's premier universities was celebrating parents' weekend-and the student union was an armed camp, occupied by over eighty defiant members of the campus's Afro-American Society. Marching out Sunday night, the protesters brandished rifles, their maxim: "If we die, you are going to die." Cornell '69 is an electrifying account of that weekend which probes the origins of the drama and describes how it was played out not only at Cornell but on campuses across the nation during the heyday of American liberalism.Donald Alexander Downs tells the story of how Cornell University became the battleground for the clashing forces of racial justice, intellectual freedom, and the rule of law. Eyewitness accounts and retrospective interviews depict the explosive events of the day and bring the key participants into sharp focus: the Afro-American Society, outraged at a cross-burning incident on campus and demanding amnesty for its members implicated in other protests; University President James A. Perkins, long committed to addressing the legacies of racism, seeing his policies backfire and his career collapse; the faculty, indignant at the university's surrender, rejecting the administration's concessions, then reversing itself as the crisis wore on. The weekend's traumatic turn of events is shown by Downs to be a harbinger of the debates raging today over the meaning of the university in American society. He explores the fundamental questions it posed, questions Americans on and off campus are still struggling to answer: What is the relationship between racial justice and intellectual freedom? What are the limits in teaching identity politics? And what is the proper meaning of the university in a democratic polity?

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Neil W. Hamilton, Zealotry and Academic Freedom: A Legal The liberal intellectual system that grew from this conviction and Historical Perspective, 1995. was understood as a social community with indefinite possibilities created by ...

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Here is a volume that is as big and as varied as the nation it portrays. With over 1,400 entries written by some 900 historians and other scholars, it illuminates not only America's political, diplomatic, and military history, but also social, cultural, and intellectual trends; science, technology, and medicine; the arts; and religion. Here are the familiar political heroes, from George Washington and Benjamin Franklin, to Abraham Lincoln, Woodrow Wilson, and Franklin D. Roosevelt. But here, too, are scientists, writers, radicals, sports figures, and religious leaders, with incisive portraits of such varied individuals as Thomas Edison and Eli Whitney, Babe Ruth and Muhammed Ali, Black Elk and Crazy Horse, Margaret Fuller, Emma Goldman, and Marian Anderson, even Al Capone and Jesse James. The Companion illuminates events that have shaped the nation (the Great Awakening, Bunker Hill, Wounded Knee, the Vietnam War); major Supreme Court decisions (Marbury v. Madison, Roe v. Wade); landmark legislation (the Fugitive Slave Law, the Pure Food and Drug Act); social movements (Suffrage, Civil Rights); influential books (The Jungle, Uncle Tom's Cabin); ideologies (conservatism, liberalism, Social Darwinism); even natural disasters and iconic sites (the Chicago Fire, the Johnstown Flood, Niagara Falls, the Lincoln Memorial). Here too is the nation's social and cultural history, from Films, Football, and the 4-H Club, to Immigration, Courtship and Dating, Marriage and Divorce, and Death and Dying. Extensive multi-part entries cover such key topics as the Civil War, Indian History and Culture, Slavery, and the Federal Government. A new volume for a new century, The Oxford Companion to United States History covers everything from Jamestown and the Puritans to the Human Genome Project and the Internet--from Columbus to Clinton. Written in clear, graceful prose for researchers, browsers, and general readers alike, this is the volume that addresses the totality of the American experience, its triumphs and heroes as well as its tragedies and darker moments.

Academic Freedom in Arab Universities

To present all the views on academic freedom that I have encountered in an honest and balanced fashion I need to ... Hamilton ( 1995 ) , noted six waves of zealotry in American higher education : 1 ) the religious fundamentalism of ...

Academic Freedom in Arab Universities

This book is based on a foundational qualitative study that examines the history, meanings and practices of academic freedom at Arab universities. Eight professors who had experience teaching at Arab universities (two of whom are in exile) and one university president were interviewed. Results indicate that Arab higher education is unable to offer quality education, and most Arab students who can afford it, pursue their education in Europe or the United States. A comparison between Western and Arab academic freedom shows a similarity in the understanding of the concept that academic freedom should stem from the more general freedoms allowed in democratic societies. Historically, Arab Muslims enjoyed a great measure of general academic freedom. Presently, however, authoritarian regimes tend to shape Arab higher education and limit academic freedom to a special one that is at times only allowed in certain natural and applied sciences departments. Expectations that Arabs have of their universities include the development and advancement of Arab societies. Those expectations are in conflict with the current practices of academic freedom at Arab universities where professors are fired, tortured and exiled because of the ideas and research that they are involved in.

Academic Freedom Imperiled

For age statistics and educational levels , see Glass , Nevada's Turbulent ' sos , 39-40 . ... See also Neil Hamilton , Zealotry and Academic Freedom : A Legal and Historical Perspective , 375–83 ; and Louis Joughin , ed . , Academic ...

Academic Freedom Imperiled

The Red scare of the 1950s created a national crisis that challenged concepts of loyalty and freedom of speech in every corner of American society. The crisis was especially problematic in American universities where traditions of academic freedom found themselves at odds with political issues stemming from the Cold War. The University of Nevada in Reno was no exception. students) school offering basic programs to a largely Nevada-based student body in the nation's least-populated state. The campus was quiet, secure traditional and generally conservative. The postwar years brought booming enrollments and new faculty members, many from outside Nevada, imbued with a sense of the importance of research and of shared academic governance. Soon, the university found itself embroiled in an intense controversy that threatened its academic integrity and even raised concerns about its future as a viable institution. The 1952 appointment of Minard W. Stout as president triggered the crisis. Mandated by a conservative Board of Regents to clean up the university, Stout brought to his new job a keen sense of mission and a strident commitment to an authoritarian, top-down chain of command. His subsequent battles with faculty and students over their role in university governance and over the very nature of higher education soon degenerated into angry accusations of faculty. Communist sympathies and bitter confrontations over academic free speech, academic freedom and loyalty. administration of higher education a major issue within Nevada, ultimately involving the state legislature and the courts in an effort to resolve the conflict. J. Dee Kille's lively and insightful account of the crisis on the hill rests on a wide range of archival sources, interviews and oral histories, university records, and published sources. Of vital interest to readers interested in 1950s. Nevada, the book also serves as a powerful case study of the devastating impact of McCarthyism, suspicion, and repression on an American university during this turbulent era in the nation's history.

Mario Bunge A Centenary Festschrift

In that respect, Neil Hamilton's Zealotry and Academic Freedom (Hamilton 1995) provides an invaluable history of the successive waves of religious and ideological zealotry that have threatened the work of American academics since the ...

Mario Bunge  A Centenary Festschrift

This volume has 41 chapters written to honor the 100th birthday of Mario Bunge. It celebrates the work of this influential Argentine/Canadian physicist and philosopher. Contributions show the value of Bunge’s science-informed philosophy and his systematic approach to philosophical problems. The chapters explore the exceptionally wide spectrum of Bunge’s contributions to: metaphysics, methodology and philosophy of science, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of physics, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of social science, philosophy of biology, philosophy of technology, moral philosophy, social and political philosophy, medical philosophy, and education. The contributors include scholars from 16 countries. Bunge combines ontological realism with epistemological fallibilism. He believes that science provides the best and most warranted knowledge of the natural and social world, and that such knowledge is the only sound basis for moral decision making and social and political reform. Bunge argues for the unity of knowledge. In his eyes, science and philosophy constitute a fruitful and necessary partnership. Readers will discover the wisdom of this approach and will gain insight into the utility of cross-disciplinary scholarship. This anthology will appeal to researchers, students, and teachers in philosophy of science, social science, and liberal education programmes. 1. Introduction Section I. An Academic Vocation (3 chapters) Section II. Philosophy (12 chapters) Section III. Physics and Philosophy of Physics (4 chapters) Section IV. Cognitive Science and Philosophy of Mind (2 chapters) Section V. Sociology and Social Theory (4 chapters) Section VI. Ethics and Political Philosophy (3 chapters) Section VII. Biology and Philosophy of Biology (3 chapters) Section VIII. Mathematics (3 chapters) Section IX. Education (2 chapters) Section X. Varia (3 chapters) Section XI. Bibliography

When Ideas Mattered

It is not easy to discuss the academic freedom situation in general in the United States today. ... periods of zealotry (to use Neil Hamilton's useful phrase)1 that permit us to make any estimates of the problem of academic freedom and ...

When Ideas Mattered

Sociologist Nathan Glazer’s remarkably long and productive career as a New York intellectual spans seven decades from the Great Depression era to the late twentieth century. A voracious intellect with a perpetual sense of curiosity, he defies easy labeling. When Ideas Mattered is a critical volume, but it also contains autobiographical essays Glazer has written over the years to explain the evolution of his own thought. The book is a sensitive and nuanced examination of a towering intellectual figure on the American scene. It is organized into sections corresponding to Glazer’s wide ranging interests: ethnicity, race, social policy and urbanism, and architecture. He has written on the myth of the American melting pot, the nature of American communism, the perils and importance of affirmative action, and the limits of social policy. Because Glazer’s work has influenced succeeding generations of thinkers and scholars in a number of fields, the editors have included appraisals and assessments by several of these writers written especially for this volume.

Religion on Our Campuses

26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. AAUP, “1915 Declaration,” reprinted in Hamilton, Zealotry, 366. Ibid. Ibid., 367. Ibid. AAUP, 1940 Statement of Principles on Academic Freedom and Tenure with 1970 Interpretive Comments (1940, ...

Religion on Our Campuses

What is the appropriate role of religion in scholarship and teaching? Covering topics ranging from religious influences in faculty lives to questions of academic freedom, proselytization, and appropriate limits to religious expression within the Academy, this book seeks to promote faculty self-awareness and encourage dialogue with colleagues.